JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma]

Heng-jun Gao, Hui-hong Liang, Min-shan Chen, Zhen-wei Peng, Yao-jun Zhang, Peng Li, Xiong-hao Pang, Ya-qi Zhang, Jin-qin Li
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2008 September 23, 88 (36): 2529-32
19080642

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the short-term and long-term effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS: The clinical data of 114 HCC patients, 104 males and 10 females, aged 55 (30 - 81), treated by RFA combined with TACE and followed up for 20 (1 - 82) months were analyzed.

RESULTS: Complete necrosis was achieved in 101 patients (88.6%). 10 patients showed incomplete necrosis and 3 patients showed new neoplasm, and they all underwent repeated RFA or TACE. No therapy-relative death was found. The overall 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year survival rates were 90.4%, 82.6%, 73.2%, 63.5%, and 49.1%respectively. The 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year tumor progression-free survival rates were 77.1%, 64.6%, 54.6%, 46.8%, and 36.4% respectively. The overall 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year survival rates for the tumors with the size < or = 5 cm and the tumors with the size of 5.1 - 7 cm were 95.5%, 84.6%, 73.1%, 61.5%, and 50.6% and 80.2%, 64.9%, 56.3%, 45.3%, and 39.5% respectively (P = 0.041). The overall 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year survival rates for the solitary tumor and multiple tumors (no more than 3 tumors) were 95.8%, 89.1%, 78.1%, 67.1%, and 56.7% and 80.0%, 60.6%, 46.6%, 33.4%, and 21.5% respectively (P = 0.001). The levels of albumin and alpha-fetoprotein, and boundary and number of tumors were proved to be independent risk factors of survival.

CONCLUSION: RFA combined with TACE is an effective treatment for HCC with satisfactory short-term and long-term effects, especially for the patients with tumor of the size of 5.1 - 7 cm or multiple lesions.

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