JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Mechanism of regulation of leptin expression in human lung adenocarcinoma cells by hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha: a preliminary study]

Yan-bei Zhang, Ming Fang, Feng-lian He, Tian-feng Hua, Bi-dan Hu, Hui Zhao, Rong-yu Liu
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2008 November 4, 88 (40): 2848-53
19080496

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulation of leptin expression in human lung adenocarcinoma cells by hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha) and the mechanism thereof.

METHODS: Lung adenocarcinoma tissues were collected from 42 patients during operation and samples of corresponding adjacent lung tissue were obtained from 16 of the 42 specimens. The expression levels of HIF-1alpha and leptin were detected by immunohistochemical staining. Human lung adenocarcinoma cells of the line A549 cells were cultured for 0, 12, 24, and 48 h respectively, exposed to hypoxia induced by CoCl2. Other A549 cells were treated with GL331, a kind of HIF-1alpha inhibitor, of the concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20 micromol/L under normoxic condition for 24 h, and then were exposed to hypoxia induced by CoCl2 for 24 h. RT-PCR and Western-blotting were used to examine the mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1alpha and leptin in different groups.

RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry showed that the positive rates of HIF-1alpha and leptin in the lung adenocarcinoma tissue were 57.1% and 69.0% respectively, both significantly higher than those in the adjacent normal lung tissues (18.8% and 25.0% respectively, both P<0.01). The protein expression levels of HIF-1alpha in the hypoxia 0, 12, 24, and 48 h groups were 0.314+/-0.030, 0.552+/-0.027, 0.743+/-0.015, and 0.799+/-0.010 respectively, and the protein expression levels of leptin were 0.398+/-0.016, 0.633+/-0.036, 0.796+/-0.008, and 0.942+/-0.088 respectively, increasing in a time dependent manner too. The mRNA expression levels of leptin in the 4 hypoxia groups were 0.144+/-0.009, 0.336+/-0.017, 0.524+/-0.013, and 0.671+/-0.021 respectively, increasing in a time dependent manner, however, there was no significant differences in the mRNA expression levels of HIF-1alpha among the groups exposed to hypoxia for different courses of time (all P>0.05). The protein expression levels of HIF-1alpha and leptin, and the mRNA expression levels of leptin in the groups exposed to hypoxia for different courses of time were all significantly higher than those of the control (0 h hypoxia) group (all P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expression levels of leptin in the A549 cells exposed to GL331 and hypoxia were decreased dose-dependently.

CONCLUSION: The expression of leptin is up-regulated by hypoxia and regulated by HIF-1alpha.

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