Evaluation of quantitative portal venous, hepatic arterial, and total hepatic tissue blood flow using xenon CT in alcoholic liver cirrhosis-comparison with liver cirrhosis related to hepatitis C virus and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Hideaki Takahashi, Michihiro Suzuki, Hiroki Ikeda, Minoru Kobayashi, Shigeru Sase, Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi, Shiro Maeyama, Shiro Iino, Fumio Itoh
Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 2010, 34: S7-S13

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Xenon computed tomography (Xe-CT) is a noninvasive method of quantifying and visualizing tissue blood flow (TBF). For the liver, Xe-CT allows separate measurement of hepatic arterial and portal venous TBF. The present study evaluated the usefulness of Xe-CT as a noninvasive diagnostic procedure for measuring hepatic TBF in alcoholic liver cirrhosis (AL-LC), compared with liver cirrhosis related to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), (NASH-LC), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), (C-LC).

METHODS: Xe-CT was performed on 22 patients with AL-LC, 7 patients with NASH-LC, and 24 patients with C-LC. Severity of LC was classified according to Child-Pugh classification. Correlations between hepatic TBF, Child-Pugh classification, and indocyanin green retention (ICG) rate after 15 minutes (ICG15R) were examined. Correlations of hepatic TBF in Child-Pugh class A to AL-LC, NASH-LC, and C-LC were also examined.

RESULTS: Portal venous TBF (PVTBF) displayed a significant negative correlation with Child-Pugh score and ICG15R (r = -0.432, p < 0.01, r = -0.442, p < 0.01, respectively). Moreover, ICG15R displayed a significant positive correlation with Child-Pugh score (r = 0.661, p < 0.001). Meanwhile, mean PVTBF and total hepatic TBF (THTBF) was significantly lower in AL-LC than in C-LC (p < 0.05). Mean PVTBF was significantly lower in Child-Pugh class A to AL-LC and NASH-LC than in that to C-LC (p < 0.05). Similarly, mean THTBF was significantly lower in Child-Pugh class A to NASH-LC than in that to C-LC (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Measurement of hepatic TBF using Xe-CT is useful as a noninvasive, objective method of assessing the state of the liver in chronic liver disease.

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