Synergistic effect of green tea polyphenols on their protection against FK506-induced cytotoxicity in renal cells

Fumie Hisamura, Akiko Kojima-Yuasa, Xuedan Huang, David Opare Kennedy, Isao Matsui-Yuasa
American Journal of Chinese Medicine 2008, 36 (3): 615-24
FK506 (tacrolimus) is a widely used immunosuppressant first employed in the management of rejection in organ transplantation, but now used for autoimmune disease. However, the nephrotoxicity induced by FK506 remains a serious clinical problem. We previously demonstrated that FK506 caused a significant increase in apoptosis of LLC-PK1 cells, a porcine proximal tubule cell line, but the addition of green tea extract and its polyphenolic components suppressed the cell death. Here, we examined the synergistic effect of tea polyphenols on the protection of FK506-induced cell death. The combined treatment with 5 microM (-)-epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) and 5 microM of (+)-catechin (C), (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) or (-)-epicatechin-gallate (ECG) reduced FK506-induced cytotoxicity in LLC-PK1. Similarly, the combined treatment with 5 microM EGC and 5 microM of C, EC, EGCG or ECG also reduced the cytotoxicity. These results showed that the co-treatments with EGCG and EGC, EGCG or ECG, and EGC and ECG have stronger synergistic effects on the protection of FK506-induced cell death. Furthermore, the combined treatment of EGCG (5 microM) and EGC (5 microM) showed a significant time-dependent suppression of the increased intracellular ROS levels 15 min after the addition of FK506, as well as on caspase activation. The results of these synergistic effects of the constituents of green tea extract suggest that its protective effects may reside in more than just one of its constituent.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"