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American Journal of Chinese Medicine

Wonhwa Lee, Soo-Hyun Cho, Ji-Eun Kim, Changhun Lee, Jee-Hyun Lee, Moon-Chang Baek, Gyu-Yong Song, Jong-Sup Bae
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is considered as a late mediator of sepsis and the inhibition of HMGB1-mediated severe inflammatory responses, and restoration of endothelial integrity have emerged as attractive therapeutic strategies for the management of sepsis. Ginsenoside Rh1, a protopanaxatriol type ginsenoside, is one of the major bioactive components of Korean red ginseng, which has been increasingly used for enhancing cognition and physical health worldwide. Ginsenoside Rh1 exhibits potent biological activities such as antistress, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects...
January 10, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Kuang-Chi Lai, Hsu-Feng Lu, Kuen-Bao Chen, Shu-Ching Hsueh, Jing-Gung Chung, Wen-Wen Huang, Chia-Ching Chen, Hung-Sheng Shang
Casticin, derived from Fructus Viticis, has anticancer properties in many human cancer cells, however, there is no report to show that casticin promotes immune responses and affects the survival rate of leukemia mice in vivo. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of casticin on immune responses and the survival rate of WEHI-3 cells generated in leukemia mice in vivo. Animals were divided into six groups: normal control mice, leukemia control mice, mice treated with ATRA (all-trans retinoic acid), and casticin (0...
January 10, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Qinglin Li, Qiyuan Shan, Xianan Sang, Ruyi Zhu, Xiaocheng Chen, Gang Cao
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of autoimmune diseases, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, characterized by nonspecific inflammation in the gut. Total glycoside of peony (TGP) has been widely used for treatment of autoimmune diseases because of its pharmacological effects. However, it is lack of depth in whether TGP regulate T helper 17 cell (Th17) / T regulatory cell (Treg) immune balance or interleukin 23 (IL-23) / IL-17 axis to achieve the goal of treating IBD. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of TGP on experimental colitis mice and the related mechanisms...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Wan-Chun Chang, Mu-Tzu Chu, Chih-Yuan Hsu, Yeong-Jian Jan Wu, Jing-Yi Lee, Ting-Jui Chen, Wen-Hung Chung, Der-Yuan Chen, Shuen-Iu Hung
Rhein, an anthraquinone drug, is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. Rhein is a major bioactive metabolite of diacerein which has been approved for treating osteoarthritis with a good safety profile in humans. Gouty arthritis is an inflammatory disease characterized by urate crystal-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation with up-regulated caspase-1 protease and IL-1 <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mi>β</mml:mi> </mml:math> in macrophages. Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome formation has been considered as a potential therapeutic avenue for treating or preventing many inflammatory diseases...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Hsien-Chun Tseng, Pei-Min Tsai, Ying-Hsiang Chou, Yueh-Chun Lee, Hui-Hsuan Lin, Jing-Hsien Chen
Endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plays an important role in the acceleration of hepatic inflammation. Natural medicinal plants that can prevent inflammation by targeting LPS have potential therapeutic clinical application. The aim of the study is to examine the anti-inflammatory effects of lotus seedpod extract (LSE), used as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine with hemostasis function and for eliminating bruise, on the LPS-induced hepatic inflammation and its underlying molecular mechanisms in vitro and in vivo...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Weili Shi, Rong Yuan, Xun Chen, Qiqi Xin, Yan Wang, Xiaohong Shang, Weihong Cong, Keji Chen
Puerarin is an isoflavonoid isolated from the root of Pueraria lobata (Gegen in Chinese) that has been widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in China. Here, we investigated the hypotensive effects and mechanisms of puerarin in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The qPCR array technique was used to determine the expression of hypertension-related genes. Then, the differentially expressed genes were analyzed using the STRING database. The systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of rats decreased after the administration of puerarin for nine weeks...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Chin-Yi Cheng, Shung-Te Kao, Yu-Chen Lee
This study assessed the anti-apoptotic effects of the administration of ferulic acid (FrA) in rats 30 <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mspace/> </mml:math> min before middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) followed by 3 d of ischemia and the involvement of 70 <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:mspace/> </mml:math> kDa heat shock protein (HSP70)-mediated signaling in the penumbral cortex. Our results demonstrated that FrA pretreatment at doses of 80 <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Haiyong Chen, Mingxiao Yang, Zhipeng Ning, Wing Lok Lam, Ying Ke Zhao, Wing Fai Yeung, Bacon Fung-Leung Ng, Eric Tat-Chi Ziea, Lixing Lao
Guidelines for clinical trials of acupuncture are scarce, particularly in their guidance on choosing an adequate control in an acupuncture trial. This guideline was developed to address the research methodology for clinical research in acupuncture which contains the essential elements to be considered in the design, preparation and reporting of an acupuncture RCT. Particularly, investigators focused on the control design because of the unique feature of acupuncture. As one size does not fit all, one single design cannot answer all research questions...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
En-Yun Su, Yung-Lin Chu, Fu-Shin Chueh, Yi-Shih Ma, Shu-Fen Peng, Wen-Wen Huang, Ching-Lung Liao, An-Cheng Huang, Jing-Gung Chung
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of bufalin on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma NPC-TW 076 cells in vitro. Bufalin is a cardiotonic steroid and a key active ingredient of the Chinese medicine ChanSu. The extracts of Chansu are used for various cancer treatments in China. In the present study, bufalin induced cell morphological changes, decreased total cell viability and induced G2 /M phase arrest of cell cycle in NPC-TW 076 cells. Results also indicated that bufalin induced chromatin condensation (cell apoptosis) and DNA damage by DAPI staining and comet assay, respectively...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Jae-Myung Yoo, Kwang Il Park, Jin Yeul Ma
Viscum coloratum has been used as a component for traditional medicine for therapy of inflammatory diseases. Nonetheless, effect of Viscum coloratum on inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether the ethanol extract of Viscum coloratum (VCE) could suppress inflammatory responses in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-treated mice and mast cell-derived inflammatory mediator (MDIM)-activated Caco-2 cells. VCE significantly attenuated body weight loss, shortened colon length, enteric epithelium disruption, enterorrhagia and colonic edema in DSS-treated mice...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
I-Cheng Chen, Chia-Ning Chang, Wan-Ling Chen, Te-Hsien Lin, Chih-Ying Chao, Chih-Hsin Lin, Hsuan-Yuan Lin, Mei-Ling Cheng, Mu-Chun Chiang, Jung-Yaw Lin, Yih-Ru Wu, Guey-Jen Lee-Chen, Chiung-Mei Chen
Nine autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are caused by an abnormal expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeats that encodes a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract within different genes. Accumulation of aggregated mutant proteins is a common feature of polyQ diseases, leading to progressive neuronal dysfunction and degeneration. SCA type 3 (SCA3), the most common form of SCA worldwide, is characterized by a CAG triplet expansion in chromosome 14q32.1 ATXN3 gene. As accumulation of the mutated polyQ protein is a possible initial event in the pathogenic cascade, clearance of aggregated protein by ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) has been proposed to inhibit downstream detrimental events and suppress neuronal cell death...
January 7, 2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Taiyi Wang, Xiaonan Chen, Jiahui Yu, Qunqun Du, Jie Zhu, Mingzhu Yang, Honghua Wu, Meng Wang, Yan Zhu
Although the efficacy and the health care advantages of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) have become increasingly recognized worldwide, the potential side effects and toxicity still restrict its broader application. This study established and applied an integrated platform anchored on automatic patch clamp system to screen and evaluate a collection of CHM extracts, compositions and monomeric compounds for in vitro cardiac toxicity. Of 1036 CHM samples screened, 2.79% significantly inhibited hERG channel activity...
December 14, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Zhiyong Huang, Guangyong Tian, Saibo Cheng, Dandan Zhao, Yu Zhang, Yuhua Jia, Fenghua Zhou
Cholesterol metabolism becomes imbalanced during the formation of macrophage-derived foam cells. Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) has recently been found to affect lipid deposition and inflammation in atherosclerosis. Here, we aimed to study the effects and molecular mechanism of Polydatin on atherosclerosis in ApoE-knockout (ApoE <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> <mml:mo>∕</mml:mo> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> </mml:math> ) mice...
December 11, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Xiao Li, Jiaywei Tsauo, Chong Geng, He Zhao, Xuelian Lei, Xiao Li
Na <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> </mml:math> /H <mml:math xmlns:mml=""> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow/> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>+</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> </mml:math> exchanger 1 (NHE1) plays a vital role in the oncogenesis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and has been regarded as a promising target for the treatment of HCC...
December 10, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Xiuping Chen, Jie Yu, Jingshan Shi
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become one of the most challenging public health problems globally. The increasing prevalence and mortality rates call for more effective therapeutic agents, especially for DM complications. Traditional herbs have a long clinical application history for DM treatment. Puerarin is a natural isoflavone from Pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi which has been consumed both as a functional food and herb in Eastern Asia countries. Documented data has shown that puerarin has cardio-protective, neuroprotective, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and many other effects...
December 10, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Boram Lee, Chan-Young Kwon, Gyu Tae Chang
Oriental herbal medicine (OHM) has been widely used in pediatric neurological disorders and has attracted attention as a safe and effective treatment. We aim to summarize and evaluate the evidence for OHM in pediatric neurological disorders for evidence-based decision-making. Without language restrictions, up-to-date research data were obtained from nine electronic databases. Systematic reviews (SRs) assessing the efficacy of OHM for pediatric neurological disorders were included. The methodological quality of each review was assessed using the AMSTAR instrument...
December 6, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Jeon-Kyung Kim, Jae-Young Kim, Se-Eun Jang, Min-Sun Choi, Hyo-Min Jang, Hae-Hyun Yoo, Dong-Hyun Kim
A variety of products have been developed with red ginseng (RG, the steamed roots of Panax ginseng Meyer). To clarify the immunomodulating effects of water-extracted RG (wRG), 50% ethanol-extracted RG (eRG), enzyme-treated eRG (ERG) and probiotic-fermented eRG (FRG), we examined their immunopotentiating and immunosuppressive effects in mice with cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced immunosuppression (CI) or 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis (TC). Oral administration of RG in CI mice significantly increased blood IFN- <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
December 6, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yin-Siew Lai, Renanda Baghaz Dzulhamdhani Surya Putra, Shin-Peir Aui, Ko-Tung Chang
Baicalin is the main active ingredient primary isolated from the Chinese herb, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Although baicalin can induce M2 macrophage polarization, we still do not know the subtype of macrophages polarized by baicalin. In this study, we characterized that murine bone marrow derived macrophages induced by M-CSF can be further polarized into M2C phenotype by baicalin. The signatures of M2C macrophages for mRNA expression like interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), interleukin-10 (IL-10), MERTK and PTX3 were up-regulated...
December 6, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Lei Li, Yi Feng, Yanlong Hong, Xiao Lin, Lan Shen
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used in China for thousands of years for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. The materials that exert a therapeutic effect are called the active ingredients. The bioactive glycosides are important active ingredients from TCM that can make significant contributions to treating diseases. Because of the possibilities of various clinical applications, the properties and administration of these bioactive glycosides deserve further investigation. Their promising treatment effects, however, are hindered by their poor solubility, poor stability and rapid elimination...
November 27, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Xiaoji Shi, Shanshan Wang, Huiling Luan, Dina Tuerhong, Yining Lin, Jingyu Liang, Yi Xiong, Liangyou Rui, Feihua Wu
Elevated palmitic acid (PA) levels are associated with the development of inflammation, insulin resistance (IR) and endothelial dysfunction. Clinopodium chinense (Benth.) O. Kuntze has been shown to lower blood glucose and attenuate high glucose-induced vascular endothelial cells injury. In the present study we investigated the effects of ethyl acetate extract of C. chinense (CCE) on PA-induced inflammation and IR in the vascular endothelium and its molecular mechanism. We found that CCE significantly inhibited PA-induced toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
2019: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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