Upregulation of rat renal cortical organic anion transporter (OAT1 and OAT3) expression in response to ischemia/reperfusion injury

Rui Zhang, Xiao Yang, Jun Li, Jun Wu, Wen-Xing Peng, Xiu-Qing Dong, Shu-Feng Zhou, Xue-Qing Yu
American Journal of Nephrology 2008, 28 (5): 772-83

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renal organic anion transporters (OAT1 and OAT3) localized in the basolateral membrane mediate the uptake of organic anions from the blood into proximal tubules. This study aimed to examine the effects of renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) on the expression of cortical renal OAT1 and OAT3 and the functional impact.

METHODS: Male rats underwent a right nephrectomy and clamping of the left renal pedicle for 50 min or sham operation, followed by reperfusion for 1, 2, 4 and 6 days. The expression of OAT1 and OAT3 was detected by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity was also estimated.

RESULTS: The renal clearance of para-aminohippurate was significantly decreased on day 1 in IRI rats compared with sham-operated rats and returned to normal when the tubular injury recovered. There were significant increases in the mRNA and protein levels of OAT1 and OAT3 in renal cortex homogenates and basolateral membranes on day 1 after IRI, while on days 2 and 4 after IRI, the renal expression of OAT1 and OAT3 decreased gradually but was still significantly higher than that of the sham-operated rats. The Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in renal cortex homogenates decreased significantly on day 1 after IRI but gradually increased on days 2, 4 and 6.

CONCLUSIONS: Renal para-aminohippurate clearance was depressed in response to IRI; however, the expressions of renal cortex OAT1 and OAT3 were significantly elevated in the early stage of IRI which may have substantial impact on renal excretion of some drugs and toxic compounds.

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