Distribution and correlates of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 in an elderly cohort: the Cardiovascular Health Study

Curt D Furberg, Jeanenne J Nelson, Cam Solomon, Mary Cushman, Nancy Swords Jenny, Bruce M Psaty
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2008, 56 (5): 792-9

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether high levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) are associated with prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to evaluate factors most influencing Lp-PLA(2) levels in a community-based cohort of older adults.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional.

SETTING: The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), a population-based cohort study of men and women aged 65 and older.

PARTICIPANTS: Five thousand five hundred thirty-one CHS participants.

MEASUREMENTS: Levels of Lp-PLA(2) activity were determined using stored blood samples from the baseline examination.

RESULTS: Mean Lp-PLA(2) was higher in participants with electrocardiographically determined ventricular conduction defect and major Q-wave abnormality and was positively correlated with left ventricular (LV) mass. It was high in those with echocardiographically determined abnormal LV ejection fraction, which persisted after adjustment. Mean Lp-PLA(2) was also higher in participants with mild renal insufficiency and kidney disease. After multivariable adjustment, there was a modest but significant 27% greater risk of prevalent CHF per standard deviation increment of Lp-PLA(2) and a modest but significant 12% greater risk of prevalent myocardial infarction. Lp-PLA(2) was weakly but mainly most strongly correlated with cholesterol and lipoproteins, but those correlations were not especially strong. Lp-PLA(2) was weakly positively correlated with soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 but not interleukin-6. In total, all factors considered could explain only 29% of Lp-PLA(2) activity.

CONCLUSION: Novel findings in the study are the associations, in those aged 65 and older, between Lp-PLA(2) activity and LV dysfunction, CHF, and renal disease. CVD risk factors only minimally explain levels of Lp-PLA(2).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"