journal
Journals Journal of the American Geriat...

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38600697/current-status-of-inclusion-of-older-groups-in-evaluations-of-new-medications-gaps-and-implementation-needs-to-fill-them
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Janice B Schwartz
Under-representation of subgroups of the population in clinical trials has been and continues to be a problem despite goals of academia, industry, and government. Older adults are among the groups that are under-represented in trials of medications that they are likely to receive once marketing approval has been received. Recent legislation that mandates that clinical trial participants be representative of patient population has been passed and creates hope that greater numbers of older adults will be enrolled in clinical trials and that they will be representative of "typical" geriatric patients...
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38600620/central-nervous-system-medication-use-around-hospitalization
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juliessa M Pavon, Richard J Sloane, Cathleen S Colón-Emeric, Carl F Pieper, Kenneth Schmader, David Gallagher, Susan N Hastings
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) medication use is common among older adults, yet the impact of hospitalizations on use remains unclear. This study details CNS medication use, discontinuations, and user profiles during hospitalization periods. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using electronic health records on patients ≥65 years, from three hospitals (2018-2020), and prescribed a CNS medication around hospitalization (90 days prior to 90 days after)...
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38599615/cognitive-physical-and-sensory-deficits-that-can-affect-everyday-medication-use-among-older-adults-a-national-view
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Belinda Tang, Edie Espejo, Michael A Steinman, Matthew E Growdon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38599611/engaging-partners-lay-persons-and-learners-through-effective-marketing-and-messaging
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Theodore M Johnson, Jason Freiji, Miranda A Moore, Alexis A Bender, Dominique Munroe, Hayat Geresu, Grayson Gunn Baxter, Fayron Epps, Leslie F Taylor, Jada Bussey-Jones, Travis Sharp, Andy Suggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597342/long-term-outcomes-after-rehabilitation-in-medicare-advantage-and-fee-for-service-beneficiaries
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kenneth Lam, Hannah Kleijwegt, Evan Bollens-Lund, Lauren H Nicholas, Kenneth E Covinsky, Claire K Ankuda
BACKGROUND: Financial incentives in capitated Medicare Advantage (MA) plans may lead to inadequate rehabilitation. We therefore investigated if MA enrollees had worse long-term physical performance and functional outcomes after rehabilitation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries in the nationally representative National Health and Aging Trends Study. We compared MA and fee-for-service (FFS) beneficiaries reporting rehabilitation between 2014 and 2017 by change in (1) Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and (2) NHATS-derived Functional Independence Measure (FIM) from the previous year, using t-tests incorporating inverse-probability weighting and complex survey design...
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38597114/from-bedside-to-model-designing-clinical-prediction-rules-for-implementation
#6
EDITORIAL
Adrian D Haimovich, W James Deardorff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594955/diversity-in-research-on-aging-a-new-series
#7
EDITORIAL
Ramona L Rhodes, Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Nancy E Lundebjerg, Angela Hardi, Erin E Obrusniak, Gwen Yeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38593246/an-inter-university-geriatric-case-competition-helped-students-achieve-interprofessional-collaboration-competencies
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristine M Talley, Marla Berg-Weger, Max Zubatsky, Elaina F Osterbur, Rhiannon Williams, Teresa Schicker, Laura Pejsa, Christina Cauble, Jean F Wyman, Joseph E Gaugler, James T Pacala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 9, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38593240/do-goals-of-care-documentation-reflect-the-conversation-evaluating-conversation-documentation-accuracy
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica E Ma, Lindsay Schlichte, Marie Haverfield, Julia Gambino, Allison Lange, Kelly Blanchard, Brianne Morgan, David B Bekelman
BACKGROUND: Documenting goals of care in the electronic health record is meant to relay patient preferences to other clinicians. Evaluating the content and documentation of nurse and social worker led goals of care conversations can inform future goals of care initiative efforts. METHODS: As part of the ADvancing symptom Alleviation with Palliative Treatment trial, this study analyzed goals of care conversations led by nurses and social workers and documented in the electronic health record...
April 9, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38593225/a-scoping-review-of-racial-ethnic-socioeconomic-and-geographic-disparities-in-the-outcomes-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Nikesha Gilmore, Shakira J Grant, Traci N Bethea, Melody K Schiaffino, Heidi D Klepin, William Dale, Angela Hardi, Jeanne Mandelblatt, Supriya Mohile
INTRODUCTION: Cancer health disparities are widespread. Nevertheless, the disparities in outcomes among diverse survivors of cancer ages 65 years and older ("older") have not been systematically evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of original research articles published between January 2016 and September 2023 and indexed in Medline (Ovid), Embase, Scopus, and CINAHL databases. We included studies evaluating racial, ethnic, socioeconomic disadvantaged, geographic, sexual and gender, and/or persons with disabilities disparities in treatment, survivorship, and mortality among older survivors of cancer...
April 9, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581144/differences-in-healthcare-utilization-between-enrollees-of-fully-integrated-dual-eligible-special-needs-plans-versus-non-fully-integrated-plans
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyunjee Kim, Angela Senders, Clint Sergi, Erika Simeon, Sean Shenghsiu Huang, Hiroko H Dodge, K John McConnell, Eric T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Policymakers advocate care integration models to enhance Medicare and Medicaid service coordination for dually eligible individuals. One rapidly expanding model is the fully integrated dual eligible (FIDE) plan, a sub-type of the dual eligible special needs plan (D-SNP) in which a parent insurer manages Medicare and Medicaid spending for dually eligible individuals. We examined healthcare utilization differences among dually eligible individuals aged 65 years or older enrolled in D-SNPs by plan type (FIDE vs non-FIDE)...
April 5, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38580328/proarrhythmic-major-adverse-cardiac-events-with-donepezil-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Tina Nham, Michael Cristian Garcia, Kai La Jennifer Tsang, Jessyca Matos Silva, Tyler Schneider, Jiawen Deng, Simran Lohit, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Anne Holbrook
BACKGROUND: Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) are regularly used in Alzheimer's disease. Of the three ChEIs approved for dementia, donepezil is among the most prescribed drugs in the United States with nearly 6 million prescriptions in 2020; however, it is classified as a "known risk" QT interval-prolonging medication (QTPmed). Given this claim is derived from observational data including single case reports, we aimed to evaluate high-quality literature on the frequency and nature of proarrhythmic major adverse cardiac events (MACE) associated with donepezil...
April 5, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38572953/informal-care-provided-in-us-nursing-homes-reduced-from-2010-to-2021-and-lower-for-medicaid-residents
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yue Li, Xueya Cai, Yeunkyung Yoon Kim, Jihye Kim
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the trend of informal care (unpaid care provided by family or other caregivers) provided to nursing home residents before or during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study assessed this trend during 2010-2021, for all and Medicaid versus non-Medicaid residents. METHODS: Using data from the RAND Health and Retirement Study longitudinal file, our study sample included a total of 2025 resident-years (860 for Medicaid and 1165 for non-Medicaid residents)...
April 4, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38572852/community-food-insecurity-experts-may-improve-medical-student-attitudes-and-self-efficacy-in-caring-for-older-adults
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonathan Trout, Becky Powers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567799/do-end-of-life-outcomes-differ-by-assisted-living-memory-care-designation
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiao Joyce Wang, Portia Y Cornell, Emmanuelle Belanger, Kali S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Residential care/assisted living (RC/AL) is an increasingly common place of end-of-life care for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD), who have unique care needs as their health declines. Approximately 22% of RC/ALs provide specialized memory care (memory-care RC/AL). Understanding how end-of-life outcomes differ by memory care among residents with ADRD could facilitate aging/dying in place for this population. The objective of this paper is to examine if end-of-life outcomes (i...
April 3, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567777/closing-the-gap-a-united-states-perspective-on-enhancing-drug-evaluation-in-older-adults
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S W Johnny Lau, Qi Liu, Rajanikanth Madabushi, Robert Temple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566356/increasing-interest-in-geriatric-medicine-through-participation-of-pre-medical-students-in-a-specialized-help-program
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Valentina Harmjanz, Richard Wu, Xuan Zhang, Brad Cannell, Jessica H Voit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38558263/montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-xpresso-validation-of-a-digital-self-administered-cognitive-prescreening-tool
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sivan Klil-Drori, Katie C Bodenstein, Shuo Sun, Lara Kojok, Johanna Gruber, Youssef Ghantous, Jeffrey Cummings, Ziad Nasreddine
BACKGROUND: The need for cognitive testing is increasing with the aging population and the advent of new Alzheimer disease therapies. To respond to the increased demand, the XpressO was developed as a self-administered digital cognitive prescreening tool that will help distinguish between populations of subjective and objective cognitive impairment according to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). METHODS: This is a prospective validation study. XpressO is composed of tasks that assess memory and executive functions...
April 1, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38553840/a-portfolio-analysis-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-national-institute-on-aging-s-diversity-administrative-supplement-program
#19
LETTER
Melissa Espinoza, Maria Carranza, Jamie L Lahvic, Patricia Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38553838/characterization-of-african-american-super-agers-in-the-national-alzheimer-s-coordinating-center-cohort
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antoine R Trammell, Felicia C Goldstein, Monica W Parker, Ihab M Hajjar
BACKGROUND: "Super-agers" are adults aged ≥80 with cognitive performance similar to persons two to three decades younger. Characteristics such as larger hippocampal volume, APOE-ε4 allele absence, higher educational attainment, female sex, and lifelong cognitive stimulation are associated with cognitive performance compatible with super-aging. These findings are based on predominantly white research samples. Limited data are available on African-American super-agers. To fill this gap, we explored potential factors associated with super-aging in older African-American adults...
March 29, 2024: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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