Murine TNF(DeltaARE) Crohn's disease model displays diminished expression of intestinal Ca2+ transporters

Sylvie Huybers, Maria Apostolaki, Bram C J van der Eerden, George Kollias, Ton H J Naber, René J M Bindels, Joost G J Hoenderop
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 2008, 14 (6): 803-11

BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from Crohn's disease (CD) show increased incidence of low bone mineral density. Investigating this complication is difficult because the exact etiology of CD remains elusive. Mice carrying a deletion in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) AU-rich elements (ARE) are reported as a model for human CD and are characterized by elevated TNF-alpha levels and inflammations in the terminal ileum. To evaluate whether these mice have a Ca(2+) handling problem, this study analyzed the Ca(2+) homeostasis in heterozygous TNF(DeltaARE) mice (TNF(DeltaARE/+)) in comparison to wildtype littermates.

METHODS: Beside serum Ca(2+) and vitamin D levels, the expression of Ca(2+) transporters was analyzed in intestine, kidney and bone using quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Bone scans were performed to measure bone parameters.

RESULTS: Ca(2+) transporters in duodenum (TRPV6, calbindin-D(9K), PMCA1b) and kidney (TRPV5, calbindin-D(28K), NCX1) showed significantly reduced mRNA expression levels in TNP(DeltaARE/+) mice, except for renal TRPV5. In bone, only calbindin-D(9K) mRNA displayed a significant down-regulation. These findings were supported by declined duodenal calbindin-D(9K) and renal calbindin-D(28K) protein values. Likely, this down-regulation of Ca(2+) transporters in TNP(DeltaARE/+) mice is mediated by the 58 +/- 9% reduction in serum 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels. Diminished expression of Ca(2+) transporters combined with unchanged serum Ca(2+) levels assumes Ca(2+) loss from bone to compensate for the body's overall Ca(2+) shortage. Indeed, microcomputed tomography scanning demonstrated reduced trabecular and corticol bone thickness and volume in TNF(DeltaARE/+) mice. This finding is further supported by increased total deoxypyridinoline in serum.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results imply that TNF(DeltaARE/+) mice have a disturbed Ca(2+) homeostasis characterized by reduced duodenal and renal Ca(2+) transporters, diminished 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels, and increased bone resorption associated with profound bone abnormalities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"