COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

A comparative study on hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of high and low molecular weight chitosan in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Hsien-Tsung Yao, Shan-Ye Huang, Meng-Tsan Chiang
Food and Chemical Toxicology 2008, 46 (5): 1525-34
18255211
The hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of high and low molecular weight chitosan were evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Rats were divided into three groups of normal rats (Experiment I) and three groups of diabetic rats (Experiment II). The first group received a cellulose (control) diet, the second group received a low MW (1.4 x 10(4)Da) chitosan diet and the third group received a high MW (1.0 x 10(6)Da) chitosan diet. All three diets were containing 0.5% cholesterol. Experiment I: rats fed with high MW or low MW chitosan diet had increased high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. However, chitosan did not affect plasma glucose in normal rats. Experiment II: significantly decreased plasma glucose and total cholesterol and increased HDL cholesterol and fecal cholesterol excretion were observed in diabetic rats fed with high MW chitosan diet than animals fed with cellulose diet. However, no statistical significant difference in plasma glucose and total cholesterol was observed in diabetic rats fed with low MW chitosan. The total content of SCFAs in cecum was significantly increased and the ratio of acetate to propionate was slight but significantly decreased in diabetic rats after consuming high MW chitosan diet. The activities of hepatic hexokinase were significantly increased and the intestinal disaccharidases including sucrase and maltase were significantly decreased in normal and diabetic rats fed with high MW chitosan diet. Results obtained from the present study demonstrated the potential of high MW chitosan in reducing hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18255211
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"