JOURNAL ARTICLE

Novel gating and sensitizing mechanism of capsaicin receptor (TRPV1): tonic inhibitory regulation of extracellular sodium through the external protonation sites on TRPV1

Toshio Ohta, Toshiaki Imagawa, Shigeo Ito
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2008 April 4, 283 (14): 9377-87
18230619
Transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel expressed in nociceptors and activated by capsaicin. TRPV1 detects diverse stimuli, including acid, heat, and endogenous vanilloids, and functions as a molecular integrator of pain perception. Herein we demonstrate a novel regulatory role of extracellular Na(+) ([Na(+)](o)) on TRPV1 function. In human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing porcine TRPV1, low [Na(+)](o) evoked increases of [Ca(2+)](i) that were suppressed by TRPV1 antagonists and facilitated responses to capsaicin, protons, heat, and an endovanilloid. [Na(+)](o) removal simultaneously elicited a [Ca(2+)](i) increase and outward-rectified current with a reversal potential similar to those of capsaicin. Neutralization of the two acidic residues which confer the proton sensitivity to TRPV1 resulted in a reduction of low [Na(+)](o)-induced responses. In primary culture of porcine sensory neurons, the removal of [Na(+)](o) produced a [Ca(2+)](i) increase and current responses only in the cells responding to capsaicin. Low [Na(+)](o) evoked a [Ca(2+)](i) increase in sensory neurons of wild type mice, but not TRPV1-null mice, and in human embryonic kidney 293 cells expressing human TRPV1. The present results suggest that [Na(+)](o) negatively regulates the gating and polymodal sensitization of the TRPV1 channel. [Na(+)](o) surrounding several proton-sensitive sites on the extracellular side of the pore-forming loop of the TRPV1 channel may play an important role as a brake to suppress the excessive activity of this channel under physiological conditions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18230619
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"