DA-6034, a derivative of flavonoid, prevents and ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis and inhibits colon carcinogenesis

Su Youn Nam, Joo Sung Kim, Jung Mogg Kim, Jong Yeul Lee, Nayoung Kim, Hyun Chae Jung, In Sung Song
Experimental Biology and Medicine 2008, 233 (2): 180-91
Previously, we have shown that DA-6034, a synthetic derivative of flavonoid eupatilin, inhibited NF-kappaB activation in colon epithelial cells and prevented trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced rat colitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effect of DA-6034 on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and on inflammation-related cancer. C57BL/6 mice were given 4% DSS for 5 days with and without DA-6034 in the acute preventive model. In the acute therapeutic model, mice were given 4% DSS for 5 days followed by rectal administration of DA-6034. Colitis was quantified by body weight, disease activity index (DAI), colon length, and histology. In the inflammation-related cancer model, mice were given a single intraperitoneal injection of azoxymethane, then three cycles of 2% DSS for 5 days, then 2 weeks of free water consumption. Apoptosis was determined by in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling assay, and the expression of Ki-67, phospho-kappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha), and COX-2 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In both the acute preventive and acute therapeutic models, DA-6034 significantly attenuated DSS-induced weight loss, an increase in DAI, and a shortening of colon length. DA-6034-treated mice maintained crypt architecture and revealed a scanty infiltration of inflammatory cells in both the preventive and therapeutic models. In the inflammation-related cancer model, DA-6034 reduced the number of colon tumors and ameliorated weight loss and shortening of colon length. DA-6034 strongly enhanced apoptosis and inhibited the expression of COX-2 and phospho-IKKalpha in inflammation-related colon cancer models. Our results suggest that DA-6034 prevents acute murine colitis and inhibits inflammation-related colon carcinogenesis. DA-6034 could be a potential therapeutic agent for inflammatory bowel disease.

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