Semiautomated radiosynthesis and biological evaluation of [18F]FEAU: a novel PET imaging agent for HSV1-tk/sr39tk reporter gene expression

Frederick T Chin, Mohammed Namavari, Jelena Levi, Murugesan Subbarayan, Pritha Ray, Xiaoyuan Chen, Sanjiv S Gambhir
Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging 2008, 10 (2): 82-91
2'-deoxy-2'-[(18)F]fluoro-5-ethyl-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyluracil ([(18)F]FEAU) is a promising radiolabeled nucleoside designed to monitor Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-tk) reporter gene expression with positron emission tomography (PET). However, the challenging radiosynthesis creates problems for being able to provide [(18)F]FEAU routinely. We have developed a routine method using a commercial GE TRACERlab FX-FN radiosynthesis module with customized equipment to provide [(18)F]FEAU. All radiochemical yields are decay corrected to end-of-bombardment and reported as means +/- SD. Radiofluorination (33 +/- 8%; n = 4), bromination (85 +/- 8%; n = 4), coupling reaction (83 +/- 6%; n = 4), base hydrolysis steps, and subsequent high-performance liquid chromatography purification afforded purified [(18)F]FEAU beta-anomer in 5 +/- 1% overall yield (n = 3 runs) after approximately 5.5 h and a beta/alpha-anomer ratio of 7.4. Radiochemical/chemical purities and specific activity exceeded 99% and 1.3 Ci/micromol (48 GBq/micromol), respectively. In cell culture, [(18)F]FEAU showed significantly (P < 0.05) higher accumulation in C6 cells expressing HSV1-tk/sr39tk as compared to wild-type C6 cells. Furthermore, [(18)F]FEAU showed slightly higher accumulation than 9-[4-[(18)F]fluoro-3-(hydroxymethyl)butylguanine ([(18)F]FHBG) in cells expressing HSV1-tk (P < 0.05), whereas [(18)F]FHBG showed significantly higher (P < 0.05) accumulation than [(18)F]FEAU in HSV1-sr39tk-expressing cells. micro-PET imaging of mice carrying tumor xenografts of C6 cells stably expressing HSV1-tk or HSV1-sr39tk are consistent with the cell uptake results. The [(18)F]FEAU mouse images also showed very low gastrointestinal signal with predominant renal clearance as compared to [(18)F]FHBG. The routine radiosynthesis of [(18)F]FEAU was successfully semiautomated using a commercial module along with customized equipment to provide the beta-anomer in modest yields. Although further studies are needed, early results also suggest [(18)F]FEAU is a promising PET radiotracer for monitoring HSV1-tk reporter gene expression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"