MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Severe bacteria-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in an extremely premature infant

Josefine Edner, Eva Rudd, Chengyun Zheng, Andreas Dahlander, Staffan Eksborg, E Marion Schneider, Ann Edner, Jan-Inge Henter
Acta Paediatrica 2007, 96 (11): 1703-6
17888050
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare condition with high mortality. We report an extremely premature girl, born in the 24th gestational week (BW 732 g), that during her second month developed a severe HLH subsequent to a Serratia marcescens septicemia, with hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias, hyperbilirubinemia (mostly conjugated, total bilirubin 916 mumol/L), hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, hyperferritinemia (21266 mug/L), and elevated sIL-2 receptor levels. Genetic analysis revealed no PRF1, STX11 or UNC13D gene mutations. Treatment was provided according to the HLH-2004 protocol with etoposide, dexamethasone, and immunoglobulin, but no cyclosporin because of immature kidneys. She recovered fully from the HLH but developed a severe retinopathy as well as green teeth secondary to the hyperbilirubinemia. We conclude that secondary, bacteria-associated HLH can develop in premature infants, and that HLH can be treated with cytotoxic therapy also in premature infants. It is important to be aware of HLH in premature infants, since it is treatable.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17888050
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"