Stapled hemorrhoidopexy and Milligan Morgan hemorrhoidectomy in the cure of fourth-degree hemorrhoids: long-term evaluation and clinical results

Claudio Mattana, Claudio Coco, Alberto Manno, Alessandro Verbo, Gianluca Rizzo, Luigi Petito, Daniel Sermoneta
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2007, 50 (11): 1770-5

PURPOSE: The long-term results after stapled hemorrhoidopexy compared with Milligan-Morgan procedure are discussed.

METHODS: The clinical data of 100 patients treated by Milligan-Morgan procedure or stapled hemorrhoidopexy for fourth-degree hemorrhoids have been reviewed. All patients were visited and submitted to a questionnaire to evaluate resumption of symptoms, functional results, and recurrence rate.

RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 54 months for stapled hemorrhoidopexy and 92 months for the Milligan-Morgan procedure. Postoperative pain and return to normal activity were worse in the Milligan-Morgan procedure (Visual Analog Scale 8.56 vs. 5.46, P < 0.001; and 2.4 vs. 2 weeks, P value = 0.018). Eight percent of patients who had stapled hemorrhoidopexy complained of spontaneous pain or pain during defecation vs. 0 percent of patients who underwent the Milligan-Morgan procedure. We noted that there was bleeding in 14 percent of stapled hemorrhoidopexy vs. 0 percent of Milligan-Morgan procedure (P < 0.006), tenesmus in 32 percent of stapled hemorrhoidopexy vs. 0 percent of Milligan-Morgan procedure (P < 0.001), and pruritus in 4 percent of stapled hemorrhoidopexy vs. 0 percent of Milligan-Morgan procedure. Minor leakage was similar in the two groups. Flatus impaired control was less frequent in Milligan-Morgan. The relative risk of recurrence for stapled hemorrhoidopexy compared with Milligan-Morgan procedure was 1.18 (95 percent confidence interval 1< relative risk < 1.4). No statistical difference was noted in patients' satisfaction after the procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: Long follow-up seems to indicate more favorable results in Milligan-Morgan procedure in terms of resumption of symptoms and risk of recurrence.

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