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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum

Lindsay A Sceats, Arden M Morris, M Kate Bundorf, K T Park, Cindy Kin
BACKGROUND: Sex-based treatment disparities occur in many diseases. Women undergo fewer procedural interventions, and their care is less consistent with guideline-based therapy. There is limited research exploring sex-based differences in ulcerative colitis treatment. We hypothesized that women are less likely to be treated with strategies consistent with long-term disease remission, including surgery and maintenance medications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if patient sex is associated with choice of treatment strategy for ulcerative colitis...
February 8, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Emer P O Connel, Vincent Healy, Fidelma Fitzpatrick, Caitriona A Higgins, John P Burke, Deborah A McNamara
BACKGROUND: Unplanned readmission after surgery negatively impacts surgical recovery. Few studies have sought to define predictors of readmission in a rectal cancer cohort alone. Readmission following rectal cancer surgery may be reduced by the identification and modification of factors associated with readmission. OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to characterize the predictors of 30-day readmission following proctectomy for rectal cancer. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered cohort data...
February 8, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Robin D Blok, Joske de Jonge, Marlou A de Koning, Anthony W H van de Ven, Jarmila D W van der Bilt, Anna A W van Geloven, Roel Hompes, Wilhelmus A Bemelman, Pieter J Tanis
BACKGROUND: Abdominoperineal resection is associated with a high incidence of perineal complications, and whether this is reduced by an omentoplasty is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the impact of omentoplasty on pelviperineal morbidity in patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a retrospective comparative cohort study using propensity score analyses to reduce potential confounding...
February 7, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Angelita Habr-Gama, Guilherme Pagin São Julião, Laura Melina Fernandez, Bruna Borba Vailati, Andres Andrade, Sérgio Eduardo Alonso Araújo, Joaquim Gama-Rodrigues, Rodrigo Oliva Perez
BACKGROUND: Patients with rectal cancer who achieve complete clinical response after neoadjuvant chemoradiation have been managed by organ-preserving strategies and acceptable long-term outcomes. Controversy still exists regarding optimal timing for the assessment of tumor response after neoadjuvant chemoradiation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the time interval for achieving complete clinical response using strict endoscopic and clinical criteria after a single neoadjuvant chemoradiation regimen...
February 6, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Lisa M Shandley, Laurie J McKenzie
BACKGROUND: The incidence of colorectal cancer among reproductive-aged women is increasing. Concerns regarding future fertility are secondary only to concerns regarding survival and may significantly impact quality of life among reproductive-aged female cancer survivors. Fertility preservation counseling reduces long-term regret and dissatisfaction among cancer survivors. Health care providers counseling patients with colorectal cancer must understand the impact of cancer treatment on future reproductive potential...
February 5, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Fabio S Kawaguti, Matheus C Franco, Bruno da Costa Martins, Vanderlei Segateli, Carlos Frederico S Marques, Caio Sergio R Nahas, Rodrigo A Pinto, Adriana V Safatle-Ribeiro, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Sergio C Nahas, Fauze Maluf-Filho
BACKGROUND: Correctly predicting the depth of tumor invasion in the colorectal wall is crucial for successful endoscopic resection of superficial colorectal neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of magnifying chromoendoscopy in a Western medical center to predict the depth of invasion by the pit pattern classification in patients with colorectal neoplasms with a high risk of submucosal invasion. DESIGN: This single-center retrospective study, from a prospectively collected database, was conducted between April 2009 and June 2015...
February 5, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Y Nancy You, Ester Borras, Kyle Chang, Brandee A Price, Maureen Mork, George J Chang, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Brian K Bednarski, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Eduardo Vilar
BACKGROUND: Genomic profiling of colorectal cancer aims to identify actionable somatic mutations but can also discover incidental germline findings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the detection of pathogenic germline variants that confer heritable cancer predisposition. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary-referral institution. PATIENTS: Between 2012 and 2015, 1000 patients with advanced cancer underwent targeted exome sequencing of a 202-gene panel...
February 1, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Omair A Shariq, Kristine T Hanson, Nicholas P McKenna, Scott R Kelley, Eric J Dozois, Amy L Lightner, Kellie L Mathis, Elizabeth B Habermann
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is associated with poorer postoperative outcomes after various abdominal operations. However, the impact of metabolic syndrome on outcomes after colorectal cancer surgery remains poorly described. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between metabolic syndrome and short-term postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study...
January 31, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Laura Beyer-Berjot, Léon Maggiori, Didier Loiseau, Jean-Dominique De Korwin, Jean-Pierre Bongiovanni, Philippe Lesprit, Nathalie Salles, Pascal Rousset, Thomas Lescot, Aymeric Henriot, Magalie Lefrançois, Eddy Cotte, Yann Parc
BACKGROUND: Acute diverticulitis is a common disease with public health significance. Many studies with a high level of evidence have been published recently on the surgical management of acute diverticulitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to define the accurate surgical management of acute diverticulitis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were sources used. STUDY SELECTION: One reviewer conducted a systematic study with combinations of key words for the disease and the surgical procedure...
January 25, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Jun Seok Park, Soo Yeun Park, Hye Jin Kim, Seung Hyun Cho, Sang Gyu Kwak, Gyu-Seog Choi
BACKGROUND: To date only few data have been available relating to the oncologic safety of intersphincteric resection in such advanced tumors. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the oncologic outcomes and clinical factors affecting the long-term survival of patients who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by intersphincteric resection for locally advanced rectal cancers. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected departmental data...
January 23, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Prapon Kanjanasilp, Jia Lin Ng, Krittin Kajohnwongsatit, Charnjiroj Thiptanakit, Thitithep Limvorapitak, Chucheep Sahakitrungruang
BACKGROUND: During high sacrectomies and lateral pelvic compartment exenterations, isolating the external and internal iliac veins within the presacral area is crucial to avoid inadvertent injury and severe hemorrhage. Anatomical variations of external iliac vein tributaries have not been previously described, whereas multiple classifications of internal iliac vein tributaries exist. OBJECTIVE: We sought to clarify the iliac venous system anatomy using soft-embalmed cadavers...
January 23, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Eric J Dozois, Amy L Lightner, Kellie L Mathis, Heidi K Chua, Scott R Kelley, Joel G Fletcher, Allan B Dietz, Jessica J Friton, Greg W Butler, William A Faubion
BACKGROUND: Management of transsphincteric cryptoglandular fistulas remains a challenging problem and the optimal surgical approach remains elusive. Mesenchymal stem cells, increasingly being utilized for perianal Crohn's disease, offer a novel therapy to treat cryptoglandular fistulas. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine safety and feasibility of using an autologous mesenchymal stem cell-coated fistula plug in patients with transsphincteric cryptoglandular fistulas...
January 18, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Madhav Desai, Jihan Fathallah, Venkat Nutalapati, Shreyas Saligram
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are routinely used for diverticulitis irrespective of severity. Current practice guidelines favor against the use of antibiotics for acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the role of antibiotic use in an episode of uncomplicated diverticulitis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane were used. STUDY SELECTION: Eligible studies included those with patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis receiving any antibiotics compared with patients not receiving any antibiotics (or observed alone)...
January 18, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Stephanie Au, Emad H Aly
BACKGROUND: Despite low-quality and conflicting evidence, the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland recommends the routine use of antibiotics in the treatment of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis. Recent studies have shown that treatment without antibiotics did not prolong recovery. Some new guidelines currently recommend selective use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety, effectiveness, and outcomes in treating uncomplicated acute diverticulitis without antibiotics with treatment with antibiotics...
January 17, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Joceline V Vu, Niki Matusko, Samantha Hendren, Scott E Regenbogen, Karin M Hardiman
BACKGROUND: With improving survival from colorectal cancer, there is a growing population of patients undergoing surveillance. National accreditation organizations have increasingly endorsed formal survivorship care planning. To effectively design patient-centered survivorship programs, an understanding of the prevalence of unmet psychosocial and symptomatic needs is required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the breadth of unmet needs among survivors of colorectal cancer...
January 9, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Jay J Idrees, McKenzie Clapp, Justin T Brady, Sharon L Stein, Harry L Reynolds, Emily Steinhagen
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of patients with anorectal complaints are referred to colorectal surgeons with the label of hemorrhoids. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review presenting symptoms and frequency of accurate diagnosis, as well as to analyze determinants of misdiagnosis to guide educational endeavors. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary care academic center...
January 8, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Noha El Hachem, Caroline Abadie, Michel Longy, Chrystelle Colas, Sandra Fert-Ferrer, Dominique Leroux, Philippe Grandval, Fabienne Prieur, MarieAgnes Collonge-Rame, Laurence Faivre, J P Fricker, Frank Zerbib, Isabelle Coupier, Estelle Cauchin, Stephane Pinson, Jean Christophe Saurin
BACKGROUND: Almost no prospective data on endoscopy in MUTYH monoallelic carriers are available. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to define the prevalence of colorectal and duodenal adenomas in a population of people presenting with a single mutation of the MUTYH gene and being first-degree relatives of biallelic MUTYH mutation carriers. DESIGN: This study is a prospective cohort evaluation. PATIENTS: Patients were first-degree relatives of a patient who had polyposis with biallelic MUTYH mutation and carrying a single gene mutation of the gene from 12 French centers...
January 8, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Ipek Sapci, Nouf Akeel, Michelle DeLeon, Luca Stocchi, Tracy Hull
BACKGROUND: Pouch-vaginal fistula is a debilitating condition with no single best surgical treatment described. Closure of these fistulas can be incredibly difficult, and transanal, transabdominal, and transvaginal approaches have been reported with varying success rates. Recurrence is a major problem and could eventually result in repeat redo pouch or permanent diversion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate healing rates for procedures done for pouch-vaginal fistula closure...
January 2, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Takuya Matsumoto, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Yoshiharu Sakai, Kenichi Sugihara
BACKGROUND: Little is known about repeat resection for recurrence exclusive of the liver and lungs and the natural history after the first curative resection in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of repeat resection for recurrence of metastatic colorectal cancer in a Japanese cohort. DESIGN: This is a multi-institution retrospective observational study. SETTING: This study was conducted at participating tertiary referral hospitals...
January 2, 2019: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Diane Mege, Heather Yeo
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated colonic diverticulitis is common. There is no consensus regarding the most appropriate management. Some authors have reported the efficacy and safety of observational management, and others have argued for a more aggressive approach with oral or intravenous antibiotic treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform an updated meta-analysis of the different management strategies for uncomplicated diverticulitis with 2 separate meta-analyses...
December 17, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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