23,24-Dihydrocucurbitacin B induces G2/M cell-cycle arrest and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in human breast cancer cells (Bcap37)

Lu Yang, Shihua Wu, Qiuhui Zhang, Feiyan Liu, Ping Wu
Cancer Letters 2007 October 28, 256 (2): 267-78
23,24-Dihydrocucurbitacin B (DHCB), a cucurbitacin-derived compound known to posses anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, DHCB, isolated from roots of Trichosanthes kirilowli which is a traditional Chinese herb medicine used as treatments for cancer and other diseases, has been found to inhibit the proliferation of human cancer cell lines Bcap37, HeLa, SW620, SMMC-7721, K562 and MCF-7 in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and induce apoptosis in human breast cancer cell line Bcap37 at low concentration. DHCB-induced Bcap37 apoptosis was characterized with the changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, activation of caspase-like activities, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, release of cytochrome c into cytosol. The cell death was partly prevented by a caspase-family inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. The results suggest that DHCB-induced Bcap37 apoptosis through mitochondrial dependent pathway. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that at the lower dose of 1.8 and 3.6muM, DHCB-induced cancer cell lines death via an apoptotic process rather than necrotic one; whereas, the higher dose of 8.9, 17.9 and 35.7muM induced cell death via the necrotic process. Cell-cycle analysis demonstrated DHCB induction of G(2)/M phase cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. The overall results suggest that DHCB might have the therapeutic value against human cancer cell lines, especially the breast cancer cell lines.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"