Atorvastatin partially prevents an inflammatory barrier breakdown of cultured human brain endothelial cells at a pharmacologically relevant concentration

Mathias Buttmann, Alexander Lorenz, Andreas Weishaupt, Peter Rieckmann
Journal of Neurochemistry 2007, 102 (4): 1001-8
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (i.e. statins) are currently under clinical investigation as a prophylactic immunomodulatory treatment for neurological diseases where an inflammatory disruption of the blood-brain barrier plays a pathogenic role. Here, we investigated whether atorvastatin pre-treatment modulates inflammatory-induced barrier dysfunction of cultured human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC). Pre-treatment of immortalized HBMEC with atorvastatin (50 nmol/L to 1 micromol/L) dose-dependently prevented an inflammatory up-regulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1/CCL2 but not of interleukin-8/CXCL8 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression by tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interleukin-1beta. It antagonized an inflammatory up-regulation of claudin-3 expression while zonula occludens-1 and occludin protein levels remained unaltered. Like immortalized HBMEC, primary HBMEC also showed a reduction of claudin-3 and of inducible CCL2 expression following atorvastatin pre-treatment. On a functional level, atorvastatin pre-treatment of HBMEC strongly and dose-dependently reduced adhesion of activated T lymphocytes to pre-activated primary endothelium. Atorvastatin effects could partially be abolished by parallel mevalonate treatment. These anti-inflammatory effects of atorvastatin were observed already at a pharmacologically relevant concentration of 50 nmol/L. Our results obtained with human brain endothelial cells demonstrate how statins may partially prevent an inflammatory-mediated blood-brain barrier breakdown in humans.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"