Cyclosporine A inhibits IL-15-induced IL-17 production in CD4+ T cells via down-regulation of PI3K/Akt and NF-kappaB

Mi-La Cho, Ji Hyeon Ju, Kyoung-Woon Kim, Young-Mee Moon, Seon-Yeong Lee, So-Youn Min, Young-Gyu Cho, Hyun-Sook Kim, Kyung-Su Park, Chong-Hyeon Yoon, Sang Heon Lee, Sung-Hwan Park, Ho-Youn Kim
Immunology Letters 2007 January 15, 108 (1): 88-96
Cyclosporine A (CSA) has various biological effects on T cells, including inhibition of interleukin (IL)-15-induced IL-17 production in CD4+ T cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the mechanism underlying this effect is not fully understood. Here, we tried to investigate the mechanism of CSA to inhibit IL-17 production induced by IL-15 in CD4+ T cells. Synovial fluid and serum levels of IL-15 and IL-17 were determined by ELISA. CD4+ T cells from RA patients were treated with IL-15 in the presence of CSA or several signal inhibitors. The concentration of IL-17 in culture supernatants was measured by ELISA and IL-17 mRNA expression was determined by RT-PCR. NF-kappaB binding activity for IL-17 transcription was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. IL-15 induced IL-17 production by CD4+ T cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. IL-15-stimulated IL-17 production and mRNA expression were inhibited by CSA in CD4+ T cells. Moreover PI3K/Akt inhibitor, NF-kappaB inhibitor, and FK506 significantly inhibited IL-15-induced IL-17 production in CD4+ T cells. Inhibition studies revealed the requirement of PI3K/Akt and NF-kappaB signal pathway for IL-15-induced IL-17 production. CSA down-regulated the phosphorylation of Akt and IkappaB. CSA inhibited binding of NF-kappaB to IL-17 promoter. The inhibitory effect of CSA on IL-15 induced IL-17 production partially depended on the increase in IL-10, since neutralizing anti-IL-10 antibodies were able to partially reverse this inhibition. CSA inhibits IL-17 production by CD4+ T cells and this effect is mediated by IL-15-activated NF-kappaB pathway in CD4+ T cells, which is possible mechanism of CSA in treating RA as NF-kappaB targeting strategy.

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