Nicolly Espindola Gelsleichter, Juliana Hofstätter Azambuja, Dominique Santos Rubenich, Elizandra Braganhol
Glioblastoma (GB) is the most aggressive type of brain tumor with heterogeneity, strong invasive ability, and high resistance to therapy due to immunosuppressive mechanisms. CD73 is an overexpressed enzyme in GB acts via two main mechanisms:(1) CD73 acts as an adhesion protein independent of the enzymatic activity or (2) via the catalyses of AMP to adenosine (ADO) generating a strong modulatory molecule that induces alterations in the tumor cells and in the tumor microenvironment cells (TME). Taken together, CD73 is receiving attention during the last years and studies demonstrated its dual potential benefit as a target to GB therapy...
March 21, 2023: Immunology Letters
Shweta Rai, Meetali Girdhar, Fouzia Siraj, Sheetal Sharma, Mukesh Kumar, Anju Katyal
Cerebral malaria (CM), a major cause of mortality in children <5 years, presents disparity in pathophysiological features and poor prognosis compared to adults. Adult C57BL/6J mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) are widely used to understand CM pathogenesis compared to relatively less prone BALB/c mice; however, age and immune status of the host also influence disease sequelae and cerebral manifestations. Murine models of CM known so far do not project complete disease spectrum of pediatric CM...
March 15, 2023: Immunology Letters
Lien Beckers, Veerle Somers, Judith Fraussen
Human B cells can be divided into four main subsets based on differential expression of immunoglobulin (Ig)D and CD27. IgD- CD27- double negative (DN) B cells make up a heterogeneous group of B cells that have first been described in relation to aging and systemic lupus erythematosus but have been mostly disregarded in B cell research. Over the last few years, DN B cells have gained a lot of interest because of their involvement in autoimmune and infectious diseases. DN B cells can be divided into different subsets that originate via different developmental processes and have different functional properties...
March 9, 2023: Immunology Letters
Danielle Borges Germano, Steffany Bernardo Oliveira, André Luis Lacerda Bachi, Yára Juliano, Neil Ferreira Novo, Jônatas Bussador do Amaral, Carolina Nunes França
Chemokine receptors are fundamental in many processes related to cardiovascular diseases, such as monocyte migration to vessel walls, cell adhesion, and angiogenesis, among others. Even though many experimental studies have shown the utility of blocking these receptors or their ligands in the treatment of atherosclerosis, the findings in clinical research are still poor. Thus, in the current review we aimed to describe some promising results concerning the blockade of chemokine receptors as therapeutic targets in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and also to discuss some challenges that need to be overcome before using these strategies in clinical practice...
March 7, 2023: Immunology Letters
Minka Breloer, Wiebke Hartmann
Helminth parasites infect more than a quarter of the human population and inflict significant changes to the immunological status of their hosts. Several human studies report impaired responses to vaccinations in helminth-infected individuals. Analysing the impact of helminth infections on the efficacy of influenza vaccinations in the mouse system helps to elucidate the underlying immunological processes. Concurrent infection with the parasitic nematode Litomosoides sigmodontis reduced the quantity and quality of antibody responses to vaccination against seasonal influenza in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice...
March 6, 2023: Immunology Letters
Xiaoyin Zhang, Dan Sun, Xin Zhou, Ce Zhang, Qing Yin, Li Chen, Yong Tang, Yonggang Liu, Ludmilla A Morozova-Roche
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main cause of dementia, affecting the increasingly aging population. Growing evidence indicates that neuro-inflammation plays crucial roles, e.g., the association between AD risk genes with innate immune functions. In this study, we demonstrate that moderate concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokine S100A9 regulate immune response of BV2 microglial cells, i.e., the phagocytic capacity, reflected by elevated number of 1 μm diameter Dsred-stained latex beads in the cytoplasm...
March 2, 2023: Immunology Letters
Chunhao Rong, Linjie Weng, Mingcai Li, Liming Zhou, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-38 and IL-41 are novel cytokines, but their role in male infertility (MI) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to measure the levels of serum IL-38 and IL-41 in patients with MI and correlate these levels with semen indexes. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with MI and 45 healthy controls (HC) were recruited for this study. Semen parameters were detected using computer-aided sperm analysis, Papanicolaou staining, ELISA, flow cytometry, peroxidase staining and enzyme methods...
March 2, 2023: Immunology Letters
Shouzhi Zhou, Zhao Yang, Jiaxin Liu, Maojuan Ran
TIPE-2 has been identified as a negative regulator of both innate and adaptive immunity and is involved in several inflammatory diseases. However, the immune inhibition mechanism of TIPE-2 involved in inflammatory bowel disease has not been well studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether TIPE-2 improved experimental colitis by reducing high levels of inflammation in the intestine. Lentivirus encoding TIPE-2 was administered to mice by intrarectal injection after colitis induction. Histological analysis was used to analyze sections of the intestine...
February 25, 2023: Immunology Letters
Youxia Liu, Hongfen Li, Huyan Yu, Fanghao Wang, Haiyan Cao, Junya Jia, Tiekun Yan
BACKGROUND: CD22, mainly expressed in mature B cells, could negatively regulate the function of B cells by binding to sialic acid-positive IgG (SA-IgG). Soluble CD22 (sCD22) is generated by the cleavage of the extracellular domain of CD22 on the membrane surface. However, the role of CD22 in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) remains unknown. METHODS: A total of 170 IgAN patients with a mean follow-up of 18 months were included in this study. The sCD22, TGF-β, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected using commercial ELISA kits...
February 25, 2023: Immunology Letters
Anna Vanni, Alberto Carnasciali, Alessio Mazzoni, Edda Russo, Parham Farahvachi, Leandro Di Gloria, Matteo Ramazzotti, Giulia Lamacchia, Manuela Capone, Lorenzo Salvati, Laura Calosi, Daniele Bani, Francesco Liotta, Lorenzo Cosmi, Amedeo Amedei, Clara Ballerini, Laura Maggi, Francesco Annunziato
Previous evidences show that Musculin (Msc), a repressor member of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, is responsible in vitro for the low responsiveness of human Th17 cells to the growth factor IL-2, providing an explanation for Th17 cells rarity in inflammatory tissue. However, how and to what extent Musculin gene can regulate the immune response in vivo in an inflammatory context is still unknown. Here, exploiting two animal models of inflammatory diseases, the Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE) and the dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis, we evaluated the effect of Musculin gene knock-out on clinical course, performing also a deep immune phenotypical analysis on T cells compartment and an extended microbiota analysis in colitis-sick mice...
February 25, 2023: Immunology Letters
Yue Hao, Wei Zhao, Lulu Chang, Xingfan Chen, Chonghui Liu, Yang Liu, Lixuan Hou, Yinchun Su, Hao Xu, Yu Guo, Qixu Sun, Lili Mu, Jinghua Wang, Hulun Li, Junwei Han, Qingfei Kong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2023: Immunology Letters
Helena Gåsland, Nicole H Trier, Cecilie Kyllesbech, Anette H Draborg, Rimantas Slibinskas, Evaldas Ciplys, Jette L Frederiksen, Gunnar Houen
An antigen panel consisting of Epstein-Barr, measles, mumps, varicella zoster and rubella viruses (EMMRZ) was recently presented, which may aid in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to validate and extend the EMMRZ panel. Various candidates, such as Cytomegalovirus and John Cunningham virus were analysed in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and optic neuritis (ON) samples by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IgG levels were elevated in RRMS samples and correlations were found between serum and cerebrospinal fluid levels...
February 9, 2023: Immunology Letters
Yonggang Ma, Scott S Kemp, Xiaoyuan Yang, Mack H Wu, Sarah Y Yuan
The phagocytosis and clearance of dying cells by macrophages, a process termed efferocytosis, is essential for both maintaining homeostasis and promoting tissue repair after infection or sterile injury. If not removed in a timely manner, uncleared cells can undergo secondary necrosis, and necrotic cells lose membrane integrity, release toxic intracellular components, and potentially induce inflammation or autoimmune diseases. Efferocytosis also initiates the repair process by producing a wide range of pro-reparative factors...
February 4, 2023: Immunology Letters
Yijie Shen, Guodi Liu, Qian Zhang, Xiaoli Tian, Liming Ouyang, Lixin Zhang
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy with a 5-year survival rate of 49.1% on average. In clinical practice, cytoreduction and chemotherapy remain the conventional treatment for advanced OC. However, the overall prognosis remains poor, which urges oncologists to develop new treatments. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T therapy as a branch of immunotherapy had gained a success in treating hematological malignancies. TM4SF1, a potential biomarker in many tumors, was validated highly expressed in ovarian cancer...
February 2, 2023: Immunology Letters
Yanhua Yao, Bohan Li, Jie Li, Di Yao, Jing Ling, Yixin Hu, Liyan Fan, Lin Wan, Lingjun Kong, Peifang Xiao, Jun Lu, Lijun Meng, Zhiheng Li, Shaoyan Hu, Yuanyuan Tian
We aimed to determine the relationship between lymphocyte subsets on day 30 (D30) and prognosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children. We retrospectively examined the clinical outcomes and lymphocyte subsets on D30 after allo-HSCT in 115 pediatric patients at the Children's Hospital of Soochow University between January 2016 and June 2019. Measurements were performed using flow cytometry on D30. Lymphocyte subsets were compared among the umbilical cord blood (UCB) (n = 22), HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD) (n = 14), haploidentical donor transplantation (HID) (n = 57), and unrelated donor transplantation (UD) (n = 22) groups...
January 24, 2023: Immunology Letters
Giou-Teng Yiang, Yao-Kuang Wu, Kuo-Wang Tsai, I-Shiang Tzeng, Wan-Chung Hu, Min-Tser Liao, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Hsueh-Wen Chung, You-Chen Chao, Wen-Lin Su
BACKGROUND: Immunothrombosis, a process of inflammation and coagulation, is involved in sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome formation (ARDS). However, the clinical correlation between immunothrombosis biomarkers (including tissue factor [TF] and von Willebrand factor [vWF]) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related ARDS is unknown. This study investigated ARDS development following moderate-to-critical COVID-19 and examined immunothrombosis biomarkers as ARDS predictors...
January 23, 2023: Immunology Letters
Omar Ahmed Abdelwahab, Ali Mohamed Seif, Mohamed El-Sebaey Sherif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2023: Immunology Letters
Hao Ren, Botao Zhu, Yuze An, Feng Xie, Yichuan Wang, Yurong Tan
The intestine hosts a large number of microbial communities. Recent studies have shown that gut microbiota-mediated immune responses play a vital role in developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Immune cells are extensively infiltrated in the gut and heart tissues, such as T cells, B cells, and macrophages. They play a crucial role in the crosstalk between the heart and gut microbiota. And the microbiota influences the bidirectional function of immune cells in CVD such as myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis, including through metabolites...
January 21, 2023: Immunology Letters
Laura Machado Menegati, Erick Esteves de Oliveira, Bernardo de Castro Oliveira, Gilson Costa Macedo, Flávia Márcia de Castro E Silva
Obesity and allergic asthma are inflammatory chronic diseases mediated by distinct immunological features, obesity presents a Th1/Th17 profile, asthma is commonly associated with Th2 response. However, when combined, they result in more severe asthma symptoms, greater frequency of exacerbation episodes, and lower therapy responsiveness. These features lead to decreased life quality, associated with higher morbidity/mortality rates.  In addition, obesity prompts specific asthma phenotypes, which can be dependent on atopic status, age, and gender...
January 14, 2023: Immunology Letters
Amélie Bonaud, Mélanie Khamyath, Marion Espéli
Plasma cells and the antibodies they secrete are paramount for protection against infection but can also be implicated in diseases including autoantibody-mediated disease and multiple myeloma. Plasma cell terminal differentiation relies on a transcriptional switch and on important morphological changes. The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these processes are partly understood and how plasma cells manage to survive for long periods of time while secreting large quantities of antibodies remains unclear...
January 13, 2023: Immunology Letters
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