JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of SLCO1B1 genetic polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide

Wei Zhang, Yi-Jing He, Chun-Ting Han, Zhao-Qian Liu, Qing Li, Lan Fan, Zhi-Rong Tan, Wei-Xia Zhang, Bang-Ning Yu, Dan Wang, Dong-Li Hu, Hong-Hao Zhou
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2006, 62 (5): 567-72
16796707

AIMS: Nateglinide is a meglitinide analogue with antidiabetic action. A recent study showed that SLCO1B1 (which codes the OATP1B1 gene, also known as OATP-C, OATP2) is a major determinant which markedly affects the pharmacokinetics of repaglinide. Our objective was to assess the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SLCO1B1 and the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide.

METHODS: Seventeen healthy volunteers with different SLCO1B1 genotypes (11 with 521TT, four with 521TC and two with 521CC) were enrolled in this study. Each was given a single oral dose of 90 mg nateglinide. Plasma concentrations of nateglinide were measured up to 8 h by HPLC.

RESULTS: The C(max) and AUC(0,infinity) of nateglinide were 83% (P = 0.002) and 82% (P = 0.001) higher in the SLCO1B1521TC subjects (n = 4), and 76% (P = 0.016) and 108% (P = 0.001) higher in the SLCO1B1521CC subjects (n = 2) than in the SLCO1B1521TT subjects (n = 11), respectively. The t(1/2) of nateglinide in SLCO1B1521CC subjects was 78% longer than that in 521TT subjects (P = 0.036). The difference in t(max) values among the three genotypic groups was not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that OATP1B1-mediated hepatic uptake of nateglinide may be the prior step for its metabolism and elimination. SLCO1B1521T > C SNP might play an important role in the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide.

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