JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of intramyocardial injection of autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells on perfusion, function, and viability in patients with drug-refractory chronic ischemia

Saskia L M A Beeres, Jeroen J Bax, Petra Dibbets, Marcel P M Stokkel, Katja Zeppenfeld, Willem E Fibbe, Ernst E van der Wall, Martin J Schalij, Douwe E Atsma
Journal of Nuclear Medicine 2006, 47 (4): 574-80
16595489

UNLABELLED: Intramyocardial injection of bone marrow cells has been proposed as a new therapeutic option for patients with chronic ischemic heart disease. We investigated whether autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell injection into the myocardium of patients with drug-refractory ischemia reduces anginal symptoms, improves left ventricular (LV) function, increases myocardial perfusion, and alters the extent of scar tissue.

METHODS: In 25 patients (mean age +/- SD, 64 +/- 10 y; 21 male) with drug-refractory angina pectoris (Canadian Cardiovascular Society [CCS] class III-IV), despite optimized medical therapy and without options for conventional revascularization, bone marrow was aspirated from the iliac crest. Mononuclear cell injections were targeted at myocardial regions with stress-induced ischemia on gated (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT. Anginal symptoms were reassessed at 3- and 6-mo follow-up. At baseline and 3-mo follow-up, gated (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT and (18)F-FDG SPECT were performed to assess LV function, LV volumes, myocardial perfusion (stress and rest, 17-segment model), and extent of scar tissue.

RESULTS: Mean CCS score improved from 3.4 +/- 0.6 at baseline to 2.3 +/- 0.6 at 3 mo (P < 0.01) and remained unchanged at 6 mo (2.3 +/- 0.6; P < 0.01 vs. baseline and P = not significant [NS] vs. 3 mo). Gated (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT demonstrated an increased LV ejection fraction (from 47.6% +/- 13.5% to 54.1% +/- 16.9%; P < 0.01) and a reduced LV end-systolic volume (from 81 +/- 68 mL to 75 +/- 70 mL; P < 0.01). Segmental regional wall thickening increased from 34% +/- 12% at baseline to 39% +/- 17% at 3-mo follow-up (P = 0.01). The number of segments with stress-inducible ischemia per patient decreased from 4.6 +/- 3.2 to 2.0 +/- 2.6 (P < 0.01). Both segmental stress and segmental rest score improved, although the improvement in stress score was more pronounced (decrease in segmental stress score 0.22 +/- 0.20 vs. decrease in segmental rest score 0.04 +/- 0.06; P < 0.01). Myocardial perfusion improved in 53% of the injected segments and in 13% of the noninjected segments (P < 0.01). The percentage of myocardial segments with some extent of scar remained unchanged at 3-mo follow-up (13% vs. 12%; P = NS).

CONCLUSION: Autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell injection in patients with drug-refractory angina and chronic ischemia improves anginal symptoms, increases LV function, and predominantly enhances myocardial stress perfusion in injected segments, whereas the extent of myocardial scar tissue remains unchanged.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16595489
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"