Oral, direct Factor Xa inhibition with BAY 59-7939 for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after total hip replacement

B I Eriksson, L Borris, O E Dahl, S Haas, M V Huisman, A K Kakkar, F Misselwitz, P Kälebo
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH 2006, 4 (1): 121-8

BACKGROUND: Joint replacement surgery is an appropriate model for dose-ranging studies investigating new anticoagulants.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of a novel, oral, direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor--BAY 59-7939--relative to enoxaparin in patients undergoing elective total hip replacement.

METHODS: In this double-blind, double-dummy, dose-ranging study, patients were randomized to oral BAY 59-7939 (2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 30 mg b.i.d.), starting 6-8 h after surgery, or s.c. enoxaparin 40 mg once daily, starting on the evening before surgery. Treatment was continued until mandatory bilateral venography was performed 5-9 days after surgery.

RESULTS: Of 706 patients treated, 548 were eligible for the primary efficacy analysis. The primary efficacy endpoint was the incidence of any deep vein thrombosis, non-fatal pulmonary embolism, and all-cause mortality; rates were 15%, 14%, 12%, 18%, and 7% for BAY 59-7939 2.5, 5, 10, 20, and 30 mg b.i.d., respectively, compared with 17% for enoxaparin. The primary efficacy analysis did not demonstrate any significant trend in dose-response relationship for BAY 59-7939. The primary safety endpoint was major, postoperative bleeding; there was a significant increase in the frequency of events with increasing doses of BAY 59-7939 (P = 0.045), but no significant differences between individual BAY 59-7939 doses and enoxaparin.

CONCLUSIONS: When efficacy and safety were considered together, the oral, direct FXa inhibitor BAY 59-7939, at 2.5-10 mg b.i.d., compared favorably with enoxaparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing elective total hip replacement.

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