RNAIII-inhibiting peptide significantly reduces bacterial load and enhances the effect of antibiotics in the treatment of central venous catheter-associated Staphylococcus aureus infections

Oscar Cirioni, Andrea Giacometti, Roberto Ghiselli, Giorgio Dell'Acqua, Fiorenza Orlando, Federico Mocchegiani, Carmela Silvestri, Alberto Licci, Vittorio Saba, Giorgio Scalise, Naomi Balaban
Journal of Infectious Diseases 2006 January 15, 193 (2): 180-6

BACKGROUND: Medical devices used in clinical practice are often associated with biofilm-associated staphylococcal infections.

METHODS: An in vitro antibiotic susceptibility assay of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms using 96-well polystyrene tissue-culture plates was performed to test the effects of RNAIII-inhibiting peptide (RIP), ciprofloxacin, imipenem, and vancomycin. Efficacy studies were performed using a rat model of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated infection. Twenty-four hours after implantation, the catheters were filled with RIP (1 mg/mL). Thirty minutes later, rats were challenged, via the CVC, with 1.0 x 10(6) cfu of S. aureus strain Smith diffuse. The antibiotic-lock technique was begun 24 h later.

RESULTS: Minimum inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics in biofilms were at least 4-fold higher than those against the freely growing planktonic cells. When they were first treated with RIP, the cells in biofilms became as susceptible to antibiotics as did planktonic cells. These data were confirmed by the in vivo studies. In particular, when CVCs were treated with both RIP and antibiotics, the biofilm bacterial load was further reduced to 1 x 10(1) cfu/mL, and bacteremia was not detected, suggesting that there was 100% elimination of bacteremia and a 6 log10 reduction in biofilm bacterial load.

CONCLUSION: RIP significantly reduces bacterial load and enhances the effect of antibiotics in the treatment of CVC-associated S. aureus infections.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"