JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular determinants of kinase pathway activation by Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

Eugene Varfolomeev, Heather Maecker, Darcie Sharp, David Lawrence, Mark Renz, Domagoj Vucic, Avi Ashkenazi
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2005 December 9, 280 (49): 40599-608
16227629
Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (Apo2L/TRAIL) mainly activates programmed cell death through caspases. By contrast, TNF primarily induces gene transcription through the inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Apo2L/TRAIL also can stimulate these kinases, albeit less strongly; however, the underlying mechanisms of this stimulation and its relation to apoptosis are not well understood. Here we show that Apo2L/TRAIL activates kinase pathways by promoting the association of a secondary signaling complex, subsequent to assembly of a primary, death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). The secondary complex retained the DISC components FADD and caspase-8, but recruited several factors involved in kinase activation by TNF, namely, RIP1, TRAF2, and NEMO/IKKgamma. Secondary complex formation required Fas-associated death domain (FADD), as well as caspase-8 activity. Apo2L/TRAIL stimulation of JNK and p38 further depended on RIP1 and TRAF2, whereas IKK activation required NEMO. Apo2L/TRAIL induced secretion of interleukin-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, augmenting macrophage migration. Thus, Apo2L/TRAIL and TNF organize common molecular determinants in distinct signaling complexes to stimulate similar kinase pathways. One function of kinase stimulation by Apo2L/TRAIL may be to promote phagocytic engulfment of apoptotic cells.

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