Effect of pimobendan on cardiopulmonary baroreflex control of sympathetic nerve activity in healthy young men

Michiro Maruyama, Masayuki Takamura, Shigeo Takata, Hisayoshi Murai, Soichiro Usui, Hiroshi Furusho, Satoru Sakagami, Toyoshi Yuasa, Atsuhiro Shimakura, Shuichi Kaneko
Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical 2005 October 30, 122 (1): 100-6
In order to determine the effect of pimobendan on sympathetic nerve activity and cardiopulmonary baroreflex (CPB), electrocardiogram, direct arterial pressure, central venous pressure (CVP) and cardiac output were recorded along with muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in 8 healthy young men. CPB function was evaluated before and 60 min after oral administration of 5 mg pimobendan using the response of MSNA to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) of -5 and -10 mm Hg. The same protocol also was performed during handgrip exercise. Cardiac index, MSNA increased and CVP decreased significantly (p<0.01, respectively), but arterial pressure and heart rate unchanged after pimobendan administration. During LBNP, CVP decreased and MSNA increased significantly. CPB sensitivity was augmented from 5.53+/-0.75 to 8.59+/-0.78 burst incidence/mm Hg after pimobendan administration (p<0.01). Pimobendan did not alter the percentage increase of MSNA during handgrip exercise. In conclusion, pimobendan induces an increase in basal sympathetic nerve activity by decreasing CVP and augmenting CPB sensitivity without changing arterial pressure in healthy young men.

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