JOURNAL ARTICLE

Outcome of ablation of thyroid remnants with 100 mCi (3.7 GBq) iodine-131 in patients with thyroid cancer

Pedro W S Rosário, Alvaro L Barroso, Leonardo L Rezende, Eduardo L Padrão, Tales A Fagundes, Janice S Reis, Saulo Purisch
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 2005, 19 (3): 247-50
15981681
A retrospective study was conducted on 186 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer without metastases who received an ablative dose of 100 mCi (3.7 GBq) iodine-131 after total thyroidectomy. Six months to one year after ablation, 155/186 patients (83%) had a negative scan. Diagnostic scanning with 5 mCi (185 MBq) performed 72 h or 3 months before ablation did not interfere with treatment success compared to patients not submitted to pre-therapy scanning. Pre-ablation cervical uptake values < 2% were associated with a higher ablation efficacy (94%), from 2 to 5% showed 80% success and values > 5%, 60% (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the responsive and no responsive groups in terms of age, sex, histological type or size of the primary tumor. 11% of the patients with low stimulated Tg (< 2 ng/ml) presented discrete thyroid bed uptake on follow-up diagnostic scan (< 0.5%) without definitive residual disease and 89% had negative uptake on scan. The patients with Tg > 2 ng/ml presented thyroid bed (10/12) or ectopic (2/12) uptake on follow-up diagnostic scan. An ablative dose of 100 mCi shows a high rate of efficacy, especially when cervical uptake is < 2%; no difference was noted between patients assessed by scan within 72 h or 3 months before treatment and those not scanned; follow-up diagnostic scan can be avoided in low risk patients with stimulated Tg < 2 ng/ml.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15981681
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"