Transiliac bone biopsy in osteoporosis: frequency, indications, consequences and complications. An evaluation of 99 consecutive cases over a period of 14 years

P H Kann, A Pfützner, G Delling, G Schulz, S Meyer
Clinical Rheumatology 2006, 25 (1): 30-4
Bone biopsy is a diagnostic procedure restricted to untypical, unclear and complicated cases in evidence-based guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. Its relevance has been a topic of recent controversial discussion. This study was performed to evaluate its role and relevance in routine use. A total of 99 horizontal transiliac bone biopsies performed over a time period of 14 years because of an osteological indication in one single centre were analysed, which reflects that bone biopsy followed about 0.003% of patients' consultations. Bone biopsies were indicated for osteoporotic males (n = 63) and premenopausal osteoporotic females (n = 18) without endocrine abnormality and normal immunofixation (serum and urine), suspected systemic/malignant disease such as mastocytosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, non-secreting plasmocytoma, metastatic infiltration (n = 16) and decreasing bone mineral density under anti-osteoporotic treatment (n = 2). The most frequent diagnoses besides osteoporosis were normal histology, borderline finding towards mild osteoporosis, and osteoporomalacia with relevant osteoidosis. In some cases, pathological findings in bone marrow were detected. In most cases (82/99), bone biopsy led to consequences in medical treatment. Following histopathological diagnosis, 16 patients did not receive any anti-osteoporotic treatment. In six patients, further diagnostic procedures were initiated because of bone histology. Bone biopsy was well tolerated and complications were rare and mild. In conclusion, despite all progress in non-invasive diagnostic procedures for metabolic bone diseases such as osteoporosis, there remains a small but significant subset of patients who may benefit from inclusion of bone biopsy into the diagnostic procedure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.