Early cardiac catheterization is associated with lower mortality only among high-risk patients with ST- and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: observations from the OPUS-TIMI 16 trial

Warren J Cantor, Shaun G Goodman, Christopher P Cannon, Sabina A Murphy, Andrew Charlesworth, Eugene Braunwauld, Anatoly Langer
American Heart Journal 2005, 149 (2): 275-83

BACKGROUND: Early cardiac catheterization has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes but not yet in those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The benefit of catheterization in both syndromes may depend on patient risk for adverse clinical outcomes.

METHODS: We analyzed the relation between inhospital catheterization and subsequent clinical outcomes based on risk profile in 8286 patients in the OPUS-TIMI 16 Trial of patients with acute coronary syndromes. Using baseline clinical characteristics, patients were stratified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups. The primary end point was 10-month mortality. The STEMI, non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina subgroups were analyzed separately.

RESULTS: Inhospital cardiac catheterization was performed in 44% of patients. Mortality rates at 10 months were 1.3%, 2.2%, and 11.3% in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively. Inhospital cardiac catheterization was associated with a trend to lower mortality among the high-risk patients with STEMI (hazard ratios [HR] 0.57, 95% CI 0.33-1.01, P = .052) and NSTEMI (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.39-1.07, P = .088) but not in those with unstable angina (HR 0.95, 95% CI 0.63-1.43, P = .82). Catheterization was not associated with any significant difference in mortality in the low-risk or intermediate-risk group. The differences among high-risk patients persisted after adjusting for baseline characteristics; inhospital catheterization was associated with significantly lower mortality in high-risk patients with ST and non-ST myocardial infarction (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.45-0.95, P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS: Inhospital cardiac catheterization is associated with lower mortality in high-risk patients and no difference in mortality in low-risk and intermediate-risk patients after STEMI and NSTEMI. These data support the hypothesis that high-risk patients with either STEMI or NSTEMI may benefit from an early invasive strategy. New prospective randomized trials are warranted, particularly in the STEMI population.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"