The polyglutamine neurodegenerative protein ataxin 3 regulates aggresome formation

Barrington G Burnett, Randall N Pittman
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2005 March 22, 102 (12): 4330-5
The polyglutamine-containing neurodegenerative protein ataxin 3 (AT3) has deubiquitylating activity and binds ubiquitin chains with a preference for chains of four or more ubiquitins. Here we characterize the deubiquitylating activity of AT3 in vitro and show it trims/edits K48-linked ubiquitin chains. AT3 also edits polyubiquitylated (125)I-lysozyme and decreases its degradation by proteasomes. Cellular studies show that endogenous AT3 colocalizes with aggresomes and preaggresome particles of the misfolded cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) mutant CFTRDeltaF508 and associates with histone deacetylase 6 and dynein, proteins required for aggresome formation and transport of misfolded protein. Small interfering RNA knockdown of AT3 greatly reduces aggresomes formed by CFTRDeltaF508, demonstrating a critical role of AT3 in this process. Wild-type AT3 restores aggresome formation; however, AT3 with mutations in the active site or ubiquitin interacting motifs cannot restore aggresome formation in AT3 knockdown cells. These same mutations decrease the association of AT3 and dynein. These data indicate that the deubiquitylating activity of AT3 and its ubiquitin interacting motifs as well play essential roles in CFTRDeltaF508 aggresome formation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"