Adaptation of pulmonary O2 uptake kinetics and muscle deoxygenation at the onset of heavy-intensity exercise in young and older adults

Darren S DeLorey, John M Kowalchuk, Donald H Paterson
Journal of Applied Physiology 2005, 98 (5): 1697-704
The purpose was to examine the adaptation of pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2p)) and deoxygenation of the vastus lateralis muscle at the onset of heavy-intensity, constant-load cycling exercise in young (Y; 24 +/- 4 yr; mean +/- SD; n = 5) and older (O; 68 +/- 3 yr; n = 6) adults. Subjects performed repeated transitions on 4 separate days from 20 W to a work rate corresponding to heavy-intensity exercise. Vo(2p) was measured breath by breath. The concentration changes in oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin (HHb), and total hemoglobin/myoglobin were determined by near-infrared spectroscopy (Hamamatsu NIRO-300). Vo(2p) data were filtered, interpolated to 1 s, and averaged to 5-s bins. HHb-near-infrared spectroscopy data were filtered and averaged to 5-s bins. A monoexponential model was used to fit Vo(2p) [phase 2, time constant (tau) of Vo(2p)] and HHb [following the time delay (TD) from exercise onset to the start of an increase in HHb] data. The tauVo(2p) was slower (P < 0.001) in O (49 +/- 8 s) than Y (29 +/- 4 s). The HHb TD was similar in O (8 +/- 3 s) and Y (7 +/- 1 s); however, the tau HHb following TD was faster (P < 0.05) in O (8 +/- 2 s) than Y (14 +/- 2 s). The slower Vo(2p) kinetics and faster muscle deoxygenation in O compared with Y during heavy-intensity exercise imply that the kinetics of muscle perfusion are slowed relatively more than those of Vo(2p) in O. This suggests that the slowed Vo(2p) kinetics in O may be a consequence of a slower adaptation of local muscle blood flow relative to that in Y.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"