Heat Loss Prevention (HeLP) in the delivery room: A randomized controlled trial of polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping in very preterm infants

Sunita Vohra, Robin S Roberts, Bo Zhang, Marianne Janes, Barbara Schmidt
Journal of Pediatrics 2004, 145 (6): 750-3

OBJECTIVES: To determine if polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping of very preterm infants prevents heat loss after delivery better than conventional drying and to evaluate if any benefit is sustained after wrap removal.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial of infants <28 weeks' gestation. The experimental group was wrapped from the neck down. Only the head was dried. Control infants were dried completely. Rectal temperatures were compared on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit immediately after wrap removal and 1 hour later.

RESULTS: Of 55 infants randomly assigned (28 wrap, 27 control), 2 died in the delivery room and 53 completed the study. Wrapped infants had a higher mean rectal admission temperature, 36.5 degrees C (SD, 0.8 degrees C), compared with 35.6 degrees C (SD, 1.3 degrees C) in control infants ( P = .002). One hour later, mean rectal temperatures were similar in both groups (36.6 degrees C, SD, 0.7 degrees C vs 36.4 degrees C, SD, 0.9 degrees C, P = .4). Size at birth was an important determinant of heat loss: Mean rectal admission temperature increased by 0.21 degrees C (95% CI, 0.04 to 0.4) with each 100-g increase in birth weight.

CONCLUSIONS: Polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping prevents rather than delays heat loss at delivery in very preterm infants.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"