COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Health-related quality of life in patients with testicular cancer: a comparative analysis according to therapeutic modalities

Hideaki Miyake, Mototsugu Muramaki, Hiroshi Eto, Sadao Kamidono, Isao Hara
Oncology Reports 2004, 12 (4): 867-70
15375514
Investigating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in testicular cancer patients has become important, because of an increasing number of young survivors with recent advance of multimodal therapy. The objective of this study was to compare the HRQoL in patients with advanced testicular cancer according to the types of treatment they received. Among 130 patients included in this study, 40 underwent surveillance monitoring (group A), 64 received cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy (group B), and 26 underwent infradiaphragmatic radiotherapy (group C). HRQoL in these 3 groups were evaluated using the SF-36 survey containing 36 questions that assess 8 aspects, including physical functioning, role-physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional functioning and mental health. Furthermore, HRQoL in group B were analyzed according to the experience with retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) or high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). The follow-up period of the chemotherapy group was significantly shorter than that of the remaining 2 groups; however, scale scores were not affected by the duration of follow-up in these 3 groups. There were no significant differences in any scale scores among the 3 groups. In comparison with the general population in the USA, social functioning in the 3 groups with testicular cancer was significantly lower, whereas vitality in these groups was significantly higher. Furthermore, in group B, there were no significant differences in any scale scores between patients with and without RPLND, while patients undergoing standard-dose chemotherapy alone had a significantly higher score for mental health than those undergoing high-dose chemotherapy following standard-dose chemotherapy despite the absence of a significant difference in the remaining 7 scores irrespective of the experience with high-dose chemotherapy. These findings suggest that 7 of the 8 scale scores of HRQoL examined by the SF-36 survey were satisfactory in patients with testicular cancer regardless of the 3 treatment modalities, and that there were no significant differences in any scale scores among these groups. Moreover, the HRQoL was not affected by experience with RPLND or high-dose chemotherapy except for mental health in patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy. Therefore, the overall HRQoL in patients with testicular cancer may be generally favorable and not affected by differences in treatment type.

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