A novel role for the adaptor molecule CD2-associated protein in transforming growth factor-beta-induced apoptosis

Mario Schiffer, Peter Mundel, Andrey S Shaw, Erwin P Böttinger
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2004 August 27, 279 (35): 37004-12
CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is an adaptor molecule involved in T cell receptor signaling and podocyte homeostasis. CD2AP-deficient mice develop nephrotic syndrome and renal failure caused by glomerulosclerosis. Here we report that increased transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) expression and apoptosis were present in podocytes at the onset of albuminuria and were followed by depletion of podocytes associated with progressive focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis in CD2AP-/- mice. Conditionally immortalized podocytes derived from CD2AP-/- mice were more susceptible to TGF-beta-induced apoptosis compared with CD2AP+/+ podocytes. Reconstitution of CD2AP rescued CD2AP-/- podocytes from TGF-beta-induced apoptosis. CD2AP was required for early activation of anti-apoptotic phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 by TGF-beta. In contrast, activation of pro-apoptotic p38 MAPK by TGF-beta was accelerated and enhanced in the absence of CD2AP. CD2AP was not required for PI3K/AKT activation by insulin and epidermal growth factor, indicating that CD2AP is a selective mediator of anti-apoptotic TGF-beta signaling. In summary, we identified CD2AP as a novel mediator for selective activation of survival pathways and repression of apoptosis signaling by TGF-beta in podocytes. Together, our in vitro and in vivo findings suggest that TGF-beta-induced podocyte apoptosis is an early pathomechanism in mice developing focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with functional impairment of CD2AP.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"