Hyaluronan regulates transforming growth factor-beta1 receptor compartmentalization

Takafumi Ito, John D Williams, Donald J Fraser, Aled O Phillips
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2004 June 11, 279 (24): 25326-32
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a key cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of fibrosis in many organs. We previously demonstrated in renal proximal tubular cells that the engagement of the extracellular polysaccharide hyaluronan with its receptor CD44 attenuated TGF-beta1 signaling. In the current study we examined the potential mechanism by which the interaction between hyaluronan (HA) and CD44 regulates TGF-beta receptor function. Affinity labeling of TGF-beta receptors demonstrated that in the unstimulated cells the majority of the receptor partitioned into EEA-1-associated non-lipid raft-associated membrane pools. In the presence of exogenous HA, the majority of the receptors partitioned into caveolin-1 lipid raft-associated pools. TGF-beta1 increased the association of activated/phosphorylated Smad proteins with EEA-1, consistent with activation of TGF-beta1 signaling following endosomal internalization. Following addition of HA, caveolin-1 associated with the inhibitory Smad protein Smad7, consistent with the raft pools mediating receptor turnover, which was facilitated by HA. Antagonism of TGF-beta1-dependent Smad signaling and the effect of HA on TGF-beta receptor associations were inhibited by depletion of membrane cholesterol using nystatin and augmented by inhibition of endocytosis. The effect of HA on TGF-beta receptor trafficking was inhibited by inhibition of HA-CD44 interactions, using blocking antibody to CD44 or inhibition of MAP kinase activation. In conclusion, we have proposed a model by which HA engagement of CD44 leads to MAP kinase-dependent increased trafficking of TGF-beta receptors to lipid raft-associated pools, which facilitates increased receptor turnover and attenuation of TGF-beta1-dependent alteration in proximal tubular cell function.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"