COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation of symptomatic internal hemorrhoids

Akihisa Fukuda, Toru Kajiyama, Hiroaki Arakawa, Hiroyuki Kishimoto, Hitoshi Someda, Masahiko Sakai, Shoji Tsunekawa, Tsutomu Chiba
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2004, 59 (3): 380-4
14997135

BACKGROUND: Elastic band ligation is a well-established nonoperative method for treatment of internal hemorrhoids that give rise to symptoms. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation, a procedure that involves extensive ligation of internal hemorrhoids, and the immediately proximal normal rectal mucosa, by means of a retroflexed endoscope.

METHODS: Eighty-two patients with symptoms caused by internal hemorrhoids (15, stage I; 19, stage II; 47, stage III; 1, stage IV) were treated by retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation. Symptoms (prolapse, bleeding, pain with defecation) were graded from 0 to 3. Range and form of the internal hemorrhoids were evaluated endoscopically. Retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation was performed by using a flexible endoscope with an attached band ligation device in the retroflexed position.

RESULTS: A mean of 8 bands (range 4-14) were placed per treatment session. Seventy-six patients were treated in a single session, 5 in two sessions, and one in 3 sessions. Symptom and endoscopic scores improved at 4 weeks after the retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation: bleeding, from 1.26 to 0.53 (p<0.01); prolapse, from 1.94 to 0.5 (p<0.01); pain, from 1.03 to 0.93 (p=0.67); Goligher classification, from 2.41 to 1.09 (p<0.01); range, from 3.25 to 0.56 (p<0.01); and form, from 2.81 to 0.56 (p<0.01). Long-term response (mean follow-up 12 months, range 3-40 months) was excellent for 89% of the patients, good for 9%, and poor for 2%. No major complication was noted.

CONCLUSIONS: Retroflexed endoscopic multiple band ligation is a safe and effective method for treatment for patients with symptoms caused by internal hemorrhoids.

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