JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Gluteal and perianal hidradenitis suppurativa: surgical treatment by wide excision.

PURPOSE: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Extensive gluteal and perianal disease represents a challenge presentation. The aim of this study was to present results of management of extensive hidradenitis suppurativa in gluteal, perineal, and inguinal areas.

METHODS: From January 1980 to May 2000, 56 patients underwent treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa in gluteal, perineal, and inguinal areas through wide excision; 52 (93 percent) were male and 36 (64 percent) were white. Mean age was 40 years. We evaluated distribution of disease, associated conditions, use of diverting colostomy, management of operative wounds, time to complete healing, complications, and recurrence.

RESULTS: Twenty-one (37.6 percent) and 17 (30.6 percent) patients had gluteal and perineal disease, respectively. Squamous-cell carcinoma and Crohn's disease were observed in one patient each. Wide surgical excision was performed in all. Healing by second intention was the choice in 32 (57.1 percent) patients, and 24 (42.9 percent) patients underwent delayed skin-grafting. Diverting colostomy was used in 23 (41 percent) patients. Mean time for complete healing in the nongrafted group was 10 (range, 7-17) weeks and in the skin graft group was 6 (range, 3-9) weeks. New resection was performed in five (8.9 percent) patients. Partial graft loss rate was 37.5 percent and recurrence was observed in only one (1.8 percent) patient.

CONCLUSION: Significant morbidity derives from extensive gluteal and perineal hidradenitis suppurativa caused by the disease extension and large wounds that result from surgical treatment. Wide surgical excision is the treatment of choice and leads to cure. Skin-grafting and healing by second intention lead to effective wound healing.

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