keyword

Copd

keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32227329/a-combined-open-and-laparoscopic-technique-for-the-treatment-of-umbilical-hernia-retrospective-review-of-a-consecutive-series-of-patients
#1
Francesco Paolo Prete, Angela Gurrado, Alessandro Pasculli, Lucia Ilaria Sgaramella, Giovanni Catalano, Pierluca Nicola Massimo Sallustio, Giuseppe Carbotta, Paolo Ialongo, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Mario Testini
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and outcomes of laparoscopic control of intraperitoneal mesh positioning in open umbilical hernia repair. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of a series of adult patients with uncomplicated umbilical hernia who underwent elective open repair with a self-expanding patch with laparoscopic control from March 2011 to December 2018. The adequacy of mesh positioning was inspected with a 5-mm 30° scope in the left flank. The primary endpoint was recurrence...
March 30, 2020: Surgical Technology International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32227219/the-benefits-of-non-invasive-ventilation-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-meta-analysis
#2
Giovana Klefti, Adam T Hill
BACKGROUND: There is an observed international increase in NIV application as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in non-COPD patients admitted with community acquired pneumonia despite the lack of strong evidence for its use. The aim of this study is the meta-analysis of data from randomised-controlled trials on the effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation versus standard medical care in adults admitted with severe community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: Monthly electronic searches on CENTRAL and MEDLINE were performed between September 2017 and October 2019...
March 30, 2020: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32227160/effects-of-corticosteroids-on-copd-lung-macrophage-phenotype-and-function
#3
Andrew Higham, Tom Scott, Jian Li, Rosemary Gaskell, Aisha Baba Dikwa, Rajesh Shah, M Angeles Montero-Fernandez, Simon Lea, Dave Singh
The numbers of macrophages are increased in the lungs of COPD patients. COPD lung macrophages have reduced ability to phagocytose microbes and efferocytose apoptotic cells. Inhaled corticosteroids are widely used anti-inflammatory drugs in COPD; however, their role beyond suppression of cytokine release has not been explored in COPD macrophages. We have examined the effects of corticosteroids on COPD lung macrophage phenotype and function. Lung macrophages from controls and COPD patients were treated with corticosteroids; effects on gene and protein expression of CD163, CD164, CD206, MERTK, CD64, CD80 and CD86 were studied...
March 30, 2020: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32226910/race-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-and-chronic-lung-disease-in-the-u-s
#4
Shervin Assari, Hamid Chalian, Mohsen Bazargan
Background: Higher socioeconomic status (SES) indicators such as educational attainment and income reduce the risk of chronic lung diseases (CLDs) such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma. Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs) refer to smaller health benefits of high SES for marginalized populations such as racial and ethnic minorities compared to the socially privileged groups such as non-Hispanic Whites. It is still unknown, however, if MDRs also apply to the effects of education and income on CLDs...
2020: Research in Health Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32226383/inhaled-phosphodiesterase-4-pde4-inhibitors-for-inflammatory-respiratory-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan E Phillips
PDE4 inhibitors can suppress a variety of inflammatory cell functions that contribute to their anti-inflammatory actions in respiratory diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. The systemically delivered PDE4 inhibitor roflumilast has been approved for use in a subset of patients with severe COPD with chronic bronchitis and a history of exacerbations. Use of systemically delivered PDE4 inhibitors has been limited by systemic side effects. Inhaled PDE4 inhibitors have been considered as a viable alternative to increase tolerability and determine the maximum therapeutic potential of PDE4 inhibition in respiratory diseases...
2020: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32225030/respiratory-health-in-a-community-living-in-close-proximity-to-gold-mine-waste-dumps-johannesburg-south-africa
#6
Samantha Iyaloo, Tahira Kootbodien, Nisha Naicker, Spo Kgalamono, Kerry S Wilson, David Rees
The effects on respiratory health in populations living close to silica-rich gold mine dumps are unknown. This pilot study related respiratory health and exposure to mine dump dust using two measures of exposure: exposure group, based on distance lived from the mine dump-high ( n = 93) (home <500 m from a mine dump), moderate ( n = 133) (500-1.5 km), and low ( n = 84) (>15 km, control group); and cumulative exposure index (CEI) derived from exposure group and number of years of residence in each exposure group...
March 26, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32224017/influence-of-the-cyp2j2-gene-polymorphisms-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-risk-in-the-chinese-han-population
#7
Hui Lu, Yixiu Yang, Xianghong Chen, Cibing Wu, Jie Zhao, Qiong Feng, Xiaoli Zhou, Dongchuan Xu, Quanni Li, Huan Niu, Ping He, Jianfang Liu, Hongxia Yao, Yipeng Ding
INTRODUCTION: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2J2 is a major enzyme that controls epoxyeicosatrienoic acids biosynthesis, which may play a role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) development. In this study, we aimed to assess the influence of CYP2J2 polymorphisms with COPD susceptibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study enrolled 313 COPD cases and 508 controls was to investigate the association between CYP2J2 polymorphisms and COPD risk. Agena MassARRAY platform was used to genotype CYP2J2 polymorphisms...
March 26, 2020: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223724/effect-of-zephyr-endobronchial-valves-on-dyspnea-activity-levels-and-quality-of-life-at-one-year
#8
Mark T Dransfield, Justin L Garner, Surya P Bhatt, Dirk-Jan Slebos, Karin Klooster, Frank C Sciurba, Pallav L Shah, Nathaniel T Marchetti, Richard D Sue, Shawn Wright, Hiram Rivas-Perez, Tanya A Wiese, Momen M Wahidi, Hugo Goulart de Oliveira, Brian Armstrong, Sri Radhakrishnan, Narinder S Shargill, Gerard J Criner
RATIONALE: Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction (BLVR) with Zephyr® Valves improves lung function, exercise tolerance and quality of life (QoL) of patients with hyperinflated emphysema and little to no collateral ventilation (CV). OBJECTIVES: Post-hoc analysis of patient reported outcomes (PROs) including multidimensional measures of dyspnea, activity, and QoL in the LIBERATE Study are reported. METHODS: 190 patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema and little to no CV in the target lobe were randomized 2:1 to Zephyr Valve or Standard of Care (SoC)...
March 30, 2020: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223605/implementation-and-effect-of-a-pharmacist-to-pharmacist-transitions-of-care-initiative-on-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions
#9
M Shawn McFarland, Ashley M Thomas, Emily Young, Candace Bryant, Jonathan C Hughes, Joy Hoffman, Jennifer W Baker
BACKGROUND: One of the most vulnerable times in a patient's encounter with a health care system is during transitions of care (TOC), defined by the Joint Commission as the movement of a patient from one health care provider or setting to another. The use of a clinical pharmacist as a member of the care transitions team has received focused attention and shown improved benefit. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a large-scale pharmacist-to-pharmacist TOC model where inpatient clinical pharmacists identify patients during a hospital stay, provide evidence-based care and education, and then coordinate follow-up with an outpatient clinical pharmacist who provided comprehensive medication management (CMM) under a scope of practice...
April 2020: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223346/newly-diagnosed-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-subsequent-autoimmune-disease-a-matched-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#10
Renin Chang, Kuo-An Chu, Mei-Chen Lin, Yi-Hsin Chu, Yao-Min Hung, James Cheng-Chung Wei
Objective: To explore whether newly diagnosed iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with subsequent systemic autoimmune disease onset. Methods: The study identified 22,440 patients who received a diagnosis of IDA between 2000 and 2012 from a random sample of 1 million people from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. The patients with IDA were randomly matched with 89,528 patients with no IDA by age, gender, and index year. We followed the 2 groups until systemic autoimmune disease onset...
March 28, 2020: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222786/risk-factors-for-severe-bleeding-events-during-warfarin-treatment-the-influence-of-sex-age-comorbidity-and-co-medication
#11
Diana M Rydberg, Marie Linder, Rickard E Malmström, Morten Andersen
PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors for severe bleeding during warfarin treatment, including the influence of sex, age, comorbidity and co-medication on bleeding risk. METHODS: Patients initiating warfarin treatment between 2007 and 2011 were identified in the nationwide Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, and diagnoses of severe bleeding were retrieved from the National Patient Register. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for severe bleeding were estimated using multiple Cox regression adjusting for indications and including covariates age, sex, comorbidities and co-medications...
March 28, 2020: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222710/prdm15-is-associated-with-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-a-rural-population-in-chile
#12
H Dean Hosgood Iii, Roberto Díaz-Peña, Deanna Blansky, Sergio Jaime, Viviana Parra, Felix Boekstegers, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo, José García-Valero, Juan F Montes, Gonzalo Valdivia, Marc Miravitlles, Àlvar Agustí, Rafael S Silva, Jordi Olloquequi
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have accelerated our understanding of the genetic underpinnings of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, GWAS populations have typically consisted of European descent, with ∼1% of Latin American ancestry. OBJECTIVE: To overcome this limitation, we conducted a GWAS in a rural Chilean population with increased COPD risk to investigate genetic variation of COPD risk in this understudied minority population...
March 27, 2020: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32221991/relationship-between-symptom-burden-medication-adherence-and-spiritual-well-being-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Aylin Helvaci, Nur Izgu, Leyla Ozdemir
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between symptom burden, medication adherence, and spiritual well-being in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND: The relationship between spirituality and medication adherence has been investigated in different chronic conditions. However, the relationship between symptom burden, medication adherence, and spiritual well-being in patients with COPD has not been explored. DESIGN: A descriptive correlational study design was adopted...
March 28, 2020: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32221372/association-among-chronic-kidney-disease-airflow-limitation-and-mortality-in-a-community-based-population-the-yamagata-takahata-study
#14
Natsuko Suzuki, Eri Matsuki, Akira Araumi, Sakiko Ashitomi, Sayumi Watanabe, Kosuke Kudo, Kazunobu Ichikawa, Sumito Inoue, Masafumi Watanabe, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Kenichi Ishizawa, Takamasa Kayama, Tsuneo Konta
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are known risk factors for mortality. In this study, we examined the overlap of CKD and airflow limitation (AFL) that characterises COPD and its effect on 10-year mortality in a community-based population. This study included 1,233 health check-up participants (mean age, 63.7 years; 46.7% men). We defined serum creatinine-based CKD (CKDcr) and serum cystatin C-based CKD (CKDcys) as glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 , estimated using serum creatinine or cystatin C, and/or dipstick proteinuria ≥1+...
March 27, 2020: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32221097/the-burden-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-open-heart-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-of-postoperative-complications-strobe-compliant
#15
Aleksandra Szylińska, Katarzyna Kotfis, Mariusz Listewnik, Mirosław Brykczyński, Annachiara Marra, Iwona Rotter
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a major impact on mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Mortality risk increases by 50% in patients who were re-intubated or required prolonged mechanical ventilation after the operation. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of COPD on the prediction of postoperative complications and outcome including intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay, postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing all types of cardiac surgery...
March 2020: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32220879/lung-volume-in-copd-when-less-is-more
#16
EDITORIAL
Jo Congleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2020: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32220091/improved-quality-of-care-by-using-the-prisms-form-to-support-self-management-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ann-Britt Zakrisson, Mats Arne, Karin Lisspers, Lena Lundh, Hanna Sandelowsky, Björn Ställberg, Eva Thors Adolfsson, Kersti Theander
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects on the quality of care of the Patient Report Informing Self-Management Support (PRISMS) form compared with usual care among patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) consulting a COPD nurse in primary health care. BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD experience symptoms affecting their everyday lives and there is a need for interventions in self-management support. The delivery of chronic care in an organized, structured, and planned manner can lead to more productive relationships between professionals and patients...
March 27, 2020: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32219318/the-positive-association-between-employment-and-self-reported-mental-health-in-the-usa-a-robust-application-of-marginalized-zero-inflated-negative-binomial-regression-mzinb
#18
Chinaeke Eric, Gwynn Melanie, Hong Yuan, Zhang Jiajia, Olatosi Bankole
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the impact of employment on mental health among chronically ill patients. This study investigated the association between employment and self-reported mental unhealthy days among US adults. METHODS: For this cross-sectional cohort study, we pooled 2011-2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey data. We examined the association between employment and mental health in nine self-reported chronic conditions using marginalized zero-inflated negative binomial regression (MZINB)...
March 26, 2020: Journal of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32219131/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
REVIEW
Hongrui Zhai, Yu Wang, Wenjie Jiang
Object . Results on the associations of fruit and vegetable intake with risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are still in conflict. Hence, we conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively evaluate the association between fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of COPD. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for relevant studies published up to September 2019. Combined relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with the random effects model (REM)...
2020: BioMed Research International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32218789/inhibition-of-pi3k%C3%AE-enhances-poly-i-c-induced-antiviral-responses-and-inhibits-replication-of-human-metapneumovirus-in-murine-lungs-and-human-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#20
Akitaka Fujita, Keiko Kan-O, Ken Tonai, Norio Yamamoto, Tomohiro Ogawa, Satoru Fukuyama, Yoichi Nakanishi, Koichiro Matsumoto
Viral infections of the airway can exacerbate respiratory diseases, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and accelerate disease progression. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)δ, a class 1A PI3K, has been studied as a potential target for achieving anti-oncogenic and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the role of PI3Kδ in antiviral responses is poorly understood. Using a synthetic double-stranded RNA poly I:C and a selective PI3Kδ inhibitor IC87114, we investigated the role of PI3Kδ signaling in poly I:C-induced expression of the T lymphocyte-inhibitory molecule programmed death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), inflammatory responses and antiviral interferon (IFN) responses...
2020: Frontiers in Immunology
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