keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767778/programmed-cell-death-protein-1-programmed-death-ligand-1-but-not-her2-is-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-gastric-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#1
Satoshi Yamashita, Hiroyuki Abe, Akiko Kunita, Hiroharu Yamashita, Yasuyuki Seto, Tetsuo Ushiku
AIMS: Gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a rare and aggressive subtype with poor prognosis. Molecular targeted drugs including anti-HER2 therapy and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade are widely used in gastric cancer; however, the expression profiles of target molecules in gastric NEC remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expression levels of HER2 and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) were evaluated in 25 gastric NECs, including 10 pure NECs and 15 mixed adenocarcinoma-NECs, and combined positive score (CPS) was used to evaluate PD-L1 expression...
August 7, 2020: Histopathology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767629/e2f1-activated-spin1-promotes-tumor-growth-via-a-mdm2-p21-e2f1-feedback-loop-in-gastric-cancer
#2
Bei-Bei Lv, Ran-Ran Ma, Xu Chen, Guo-Hao Zhang, Lin Song, Su-Xia Wang, Ya-Wen Wang, Hai-Ting Liu, Peng Gao
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers around the world. Searching for specific gene expression changes during the development of GC could help identify potential therapy targets. We previously showed that the histone code reader SPIN1 may act as an oncogene in breast cancer. At present, the biological function and regulation of SPIN1 in GC remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that SPIN1 is upregulated in GC tissues, compared with non-tumorous gastric tissues. Increased expression of SPIN1 is closely associated with poor prognosis for patients with GC...
August 7, 2020: Molecular Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767328/the-rs2234694-and-50-bp-insertion-deletion-polymorphisms-of-the-sod1-gene-are-associated-with-breast-cancer-risk-in-a-mexican-population
#3
M P Gallegos-Arreola, M A Ramírez-Hernández, L E Figuera, G M Zúñiga-González, A M Puebla-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: The rs2234694 and 50 bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphisms of the SOD1 gene have been shown to be associated with many diseases, but in breast cancer (BC) their association has not been detected. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and association of SOD1 gene polymorphisms (rs2234694 and 50 bp Ins/Del) in BC patients in the Mexican population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SOD1 polymorphisms were determined by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in Mexican healthy subjects and BC patients...
August 2020: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767324/low-expression-of-lncrna-mgc27345-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#4
L-S Zeng, C Liu, T-P Guan, Q-X Liao, Q-J He, Y-F Wen, X-Z Yang, S-Z Cui
OBJECTIVE: A series of evidence showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an essential regulatory role in the occurrence and development of human cancer, and is a potential biological target in the fight against cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this research, we investigated the role of lncRNA MGC27345 in gastric cancer (GC), the expression of MGC27345 in GC was detected by quantitative Real-Time PCR in GC tissue from 235 patients. The correlations between MGC27345 expression and clinicopathological variables and survival were evaluated by the Chi-square test...
August 2020: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767257/tumor-cell-expressed-il-15r%C3%AE-drives-antagonistic-effects-on-the-progression-and-immune-control-of-gastric-cancer-and-is-epigenetically-regulated-in-ebv-positive-gastric-cancer
#5
Jing Wei, Chen Guo, Xiang An, Wenxuan Miao, Chenli Zhang, Binsheng Wang, Wei Cai, Min Li, Fangfang Zhang
PURPOSE: Epstein-Barr virus associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) often exhibits a favorable prognosis that correlates with highly methylated viral and host genes and significant immune cell infiltration compared to EBV-negative gastric cancers (GCs). Previously, it has been reported that expression of the IL-15 receptor α (IL-15Rα) is down-regulated in EBVaGC via promoter hypermethylation. In the present study, we offer a novel explanation for this puzzle by associating IL-15Rα expression with infiltration of lymphocytes in GC lesions...
August 7, 2020: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767226/the-t-cell-inflammation-status-can-predict-outcomes-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#6
Xiaolong Wu, Xiangyu Gao, Xiaofang Xing, Xianzi Wen, Ziyu Li, Jiafu Ji
BACKGROUND: Immunogenic chemotherapy promotes antitumor immune response in the tumor microenvironment (TME). In gastric cancer, the effect of a preexisting T-cell-inflamed TME on the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the benefits of ACT in T-cell-inflamed gastric cancer. METHODS: Three cohorts (n = 267, 300, and 198) of gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy with or without ACT were included in this study...
August 7, 2020: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766708/circ_0000144-functions-as-a-mir-623-sponge-to-enhance-gastric-cancer-progression-via-up-regulating-gprc5a
#7
Lili Mi, Lianhui Lei, Xiaolei Yin, Ning Li, Jianfei Shi, Xin Han, Xiaoling Duan, Man Zhao, Guangjie Han, Jinfeng Wang, Fei Yin
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) remains one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that circRNAs serve as critical roles in human cancer, including GC. In the current study, we focused on the detailed function and mechanism of circ_0000144 on GC progression. METHODS: The levels of circ_0000144, miR-623 and G protein-coupled receptor, family C, group 5, member A (GPRC5A) were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
August 7, 2020: Bioscience Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766686/esophageal-cancer-surgery-in-greece-during-the-era-of-the-financial-crisis
#8
Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Natasha Hasemaki, Efstratia Mpaili, Vasileia Ntomi, Adamantios Michalinos, Nikoletta A Theochari, Christina A Theochari, Maria Mpoura, Anargyros Bakopoulos, Theodoros Liakakos
The aim of this study is to describe outcomes of esophageal cancer surgery in a quaternary upper gastrointestinal (GI) center in Athens during the era of the Greek financial crisis. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients that underwent esophagectomy for esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer at an upper GI unit of the University of Athens, during the period January 2004-June 2019. Time-to-event analyses were performed to explore trends in survival and recurrence. A total of 146 patients were identified...
August 6, 2020: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766361/submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-resection-for-the-management-of-heterotopic-pancreas-with-cystic-degeneration
#9
Erik Almazan, Thomas Runge, Qing Kay Li, Saowanee Ngamruengphong
Heterotopic pancreas is pancreatic tissue present outside of the normal location of the pancreas. In the presence of cystic degeneration, heterotopic pancreas is clinically significant because of the symptoms it causes and its physical resemblance to cancerous growth. A diagnosis of heterotopic pancreas is achieved with the aid of various endoscopic techniques for tissue removal. Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection has proven successful for the resection of gastric subepithelial masses. We present a 53-year-old woman undergoing submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection for the resection of a subepithelial gastric cyst caused by heterotopic pancreas with cystic degeneration...
July 2020: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766126/high-level-of-legumain-was-correlated-with-worse-prognosis-and-peritoneal-metastasis-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#10
Yan Wang, Shilong Zhang, Haiwei Wang, Yuehong Cui, Zhiming Wang, Xi Cheng, Wei Li, Jun Hou, Yuan Ji, Tianshu Liu
Background: Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that legumain (LGMN) is abnormally expressed in several malignancies and functions as an oncogene. However, the association between LGMN and gastric cancer (GC) has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of the role of LGMN in clinicopathologic characteristics and survival of GC patients. Methods: The study had two patient cohorts, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort and the Zhongshan Hospital cohort, both of which were used to analyze the role of LGMN in GC samples...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765878/prognostic-factors-and-skeletal-related-events-in-patients-with-bone-metastasis-from-gastric-cancer
#11
Yoshinori Imura, Daisuke Tateiwa, Naotoshi Sugimoto, Akitomo Inoue, Toru Wakamatsu, Hidetatsu Outani, Takaaki Tanaka, Hironari Tamiya, Toshinari Yagi, Norifumi Naka, Sumiyo Okawa, Takahiro Tabuchi, Satoshi Takenaka
The number of studies on bone metastasis (BM) from gastric cancer (GC) is currently limited. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the characteristics, skeletal-related events (SREs) and prognosis of GC in patients with BMs. Data from 60 patients with BMs from GC were retrospectively retrieved and patient-, tumor- and BM-related characteristics were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were analyzed using the univariate log-rank test. Multivariate analyses were conducted using the Cox proportional hazards model...
October 2020: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765875/prevalence-of-autoantibodies-against-ras-like-gtpases-rala-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#12
Tatsuki Nanami, Isamu Hoshino, Masaaki Ito, Satoshi Yajima, Yoko Oshima, Takashi Suzuki, Fumiaki Shiratori, Yoshihiro Nabeya, Kimihiko Funahashi, Hideaki Shimada
Ras-like GTPases, RalA and RalB, are members of the Ras superfamily of small GTPases. RalA expression has been shown to be associated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics and progression in cancer. RalA protein has been shown to be involved in immune reactions in some patients with cancer; however, the clinicopathological significance of serum RalA antibody in patients with gastric cancer has not been investigated. Serum samples of 291 patients with gastric cancer and 73 healthy controls were analyzed for serum RalA antibody using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
October 2020: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765828/inverse-correlation-between-interleukin-34-and-gastric-cancer-a-potential-biomarker-for-prognosis
#13
Qinghua Liu, Ying Zhang, Jiwei Zhang, Kun Tao, Brett D Hambly, Shisan Bao
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignancy with high morbidity/mortality, partly due to a lack of reliable biomarkers for early diagnosis. It is important to develop reliable biomarker(s) with specificity, sensitivity and convenience for early diagnosis. The role of tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) and survival of GC patients are controversial. Macrophage colony stimulating factor (MCSF) regulates monocytes/macrophages. Elevated MCSF is correlated with invasion, metastasis and poor survival of tumour patients...
2020: Cell & Bioscience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765809/nrf2-inhibitor-brusatol-in-combination-with-trastuzumab-exerts-synergistic-antitumor-activity-in-her2-positive-cancers-by-inhibiting-nrf2-ho-1-and-her2-akt-erk1-2-pathways
#14
Yun Yang, Ziyin Tian, Rui Guo, Feng Ren
The HER2-targeting antibody trastuzumab has shown effectiveness in treating HER2-positive breast and gastric cancers; however, its responses are limited. Currently, Nrf2 has been deemed as a key transcription factor in promoting cancer progression and resistance by crosstalk with other proliferative signaling pathways. Brusatol as a novel Nrf2 inhibitor has been deemed as an efficacious and safe drug candidate in cancer therapy. In this study, we firstly reported that brusatol exerted the growth-inhibitory effects on HER2-positive cancer cells by regressing Nrf2/HO-1 and HER2-AKT/ERK1/2 signaling pathways in these cells...
2020: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765789/circular-rna-profiling-in-plasma-exosomes-from-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#15
Min Rao, Yonggang Zhu, Lingzhi Qi, Feng Hu, Pujun Gao
Gastric cancer (GC) is among the most common cancer types worldwide with high mortality. Recent studies have shown that exosomes play a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of GC. The present study aimed to investigate the circular RNA (circRNA) profile in plasma exosomes from patients with gastric cancer (GC). Peripheral blood samples were collected from 5 patients with GC and 5 healthy donors, and exosomes were isolated from plasma. The high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) method was applied to detect the differently expressed circRNAs (DE circRNAs)...
September 2020: Oncology Letters
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765602/gastric-carcinoma-in-young-patients-and-its-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognosis
#16
Bhushan Sandeep, Xin Huang, Yuan Li, Long Mao, Ke Gao, Zongwei Xiao
Background: Gastric cancer is usually an age-related disease and mostly diagnosed after the sixth decade of life, though it may also be diagnosed earlier. Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of gastric carcinoma in young patients. Methods: A total of 1379 patients younger than 75 years histologically diagnosed with primary gastric carcinoma underwent gastrectomy. Patients were categorized into three groups based on their age which included young age group (≤40 years), middle-aged group (age 41-60 years), and elderly group (age 61-75 years)...
2020: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765260/apatinib-combined-with-sox-regimen-in-conversion-treatment-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#17
Dingyi Jiang, Yunyun Xu, Yunwang Chen, Jiahong Jiang, Mingxing Wang, Min Yang, Zheling Chen, Liu Yang
Gastric cancer is a common digestive tract tumor and the second most prevalent cancer. The prognosis of advanced gastric cancer is poor. Conversion therapy can reduce tumor burden, downgrade tumor, and increase the possibility of complete resection, thus prolonging the survival time of patients with gastric cancer. In conversion therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy are the main methods of medical treatment, which can control tumor growth and recurrence. As an antiangiogenic targeted drug, apatinib is widely used in the third-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer...
2020: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765194/-helicobacter-pylori-oncogenicity-mechanism-prevention-and-risk-factors
#18
REVIEW
Muzaheed
Helicobacter pylori ( H . pylori ) is the most common cause of gastric ulcer; however, its association with gastric cancer has been proved through a variety of studies. Importantly, H . pylori infection affects around half of the world's population leading to a variety of gastric problems and is mostly present in asymptomatic form. Although about 20% of people infected with H . pylori develop preneoplastic gastric lesions in later stages of their life, around 2% of infected individuals develop gastric cancer...
2020: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32765095/circ-nrip1-promotes-glycolysis-and-tumor-progression-by-regulating-mir-186-5p-myh9-axis-in-gastric-cancer
#19
Yanhong Liu, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lidong Xu, Chongxing Qu, Lei Zhang, Xingguo Xiao, Wenxia Chen, Kunkun Li, Qianping Liang, Huili Wu
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a severe threat to human life, with high incidence and mortality. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play crucial roles in the progression of GC. This study attempted to investigate the potential role of circ-NRIP1 and associated action mechanisms in GC cells. Methods: The expression of circ-NRIP1 and miR-186-5p was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell viability, apoptosis, and migration were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry assay, and transwell assay, respectively...
2020: Cancer Management and Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32764975/estrogen-receptor-beta-inhibits-the-proliferation-migration-and-angiogenesis-of-gastric-cancer-cells-through-inhibiting-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-signaling-retraction
#20
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.2147/OTT.S214529.].
2020: OncoTargets and Therapy
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