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https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073485/a-comparative-whole-genome-analysis-of-helicobacter-pylori-from-a-human-dense-south-asian-setting
#1
Shamsul Qumar, Trang Hoa Nguyen, Shamsun Nahar, Nishat Sarker, Stephen Baker, Dieter Bulach, Niyaz Ahmed, Motiur Rahman
Helicobacter pylori, a Gram-negative bacterium, is associated with a wide range of gastric diseases such as gastritis, duodenal ulcer, and gastric cancer. The prevalence of H pylori and risk of disease vary in different parts of the world based on the prevailing bacterial lineage. Here, we present a contextual and comparative genomics analysis of 20 clinical isolates of H pylori from patients in Bangladesh. Despite a uniform host ethnicity (Bengali), isolates were classified as being part of the HpAsia2 (50%) or HpEurope (50%) population...
October 18, 2020: Helicobacter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073418/eradication-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-based-on-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-test-in-children-a-single-center-study-over-12-years
#2
Eri Miyata, Takahiro Kudo, Tamaki Ikuse, Kazuhide Tokita, Nobuyasu Arai, Itsuhiro Oka, Reiko Kyodo, Masamichi Sato, Kenji Hosoi, Keisuke Jimbo, Yo Aoyagi, Yoshikazu Ohtsuka, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection causes chronic gastritis, duodenal and to a lesser extent, gastric ulcers, and gastric cancer. Most H. pylori infections are acquired in childhood, and effective treatment of childhood infection is very important. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is useful for endoscopic diagnosis, mucosal tissue biopsy, and culture examination for H. pylori in children and adults. In this paper, we report results of susceptibility tests and eradication rates in H...
October 18, 2020: Helicobacter
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073052/molecular-biology-and-immunology-of-gastric-cancer-peritoneal-metastasis
#3
REVIEW
Xiaodan Yao, Jaffer A Ajani, Shumei Song
Peritoneal metastases occur in 55-60% of patients with gastric cancer (GC) and are associated with a 2% 5-year overall survival rate. There are limited treatment options for these patients, and no targeted therapy or immunotherapy is available. Rational therapeutic targets remain to be found. In this review, we present the published literature and our own recent experience in molecular biology to identify important molecules and signaling pathways as well as cellular immunity involved in the peritoneal metastasis of GC...
2020: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073051/next-generation-sequencing-in-gastric-or-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Geoffrey Y Ku
Seminal analyses of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TGCA) and Asian Cancer Research Group (ACRG) have provided unprecedented insight into the molecular underpinnings of gastric cancer (GC). At the same time, next generation sequencing (NGS) panels, driven by quantum improvements in DNA sequencing technology and bioinformatics, are now routinely used in standard clinical care and also extensively for research purposes. This review article will discuss the molecular subtypes of GC, the current standard-of-care therapies for GC and the role of NGS in standard care and in research...
2020: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073050/gastrointestinal-cancers-current-biomarkers-in-esophageal-and-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Purabi Dhakras, Nataliya Uboha, Vanessa Horner, Erica Reinig, Kristina A Matkowskyj
Esophageal and gastric adenocarcinomas are frequently diagnosed at an advanced stage and have a dismal prognosis. Even in patients with potentially curative cancer, nearly 50% will develop recurrent disease despite aggressive treatments. A number of biomarkers currently guide treatment decisions for patients with esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma and include human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) amplification, mismatch repair deficiency/microsatellite instability (dMMR/MSI-H) and program death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression...
2020: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073047/diffuse-gastric-cancer-histologic-molecular-and-genetic-basis-of-disease
#6
REVIEW
Pritish Iyer, Maitham Moslim, Jeffrey M Farma, Crystal S Denlinger
Diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) is a distinct histopathologic and molecular disease, characterized by mutations in CDH1, RHOA, and others. In addition, DGC is associated with familial syndromes, including hereditary DGC and germline mutation in CDH1. Clinically, this subtype of gastric adenocarcinoma is associated with a poor prognosis and possible resistance to available systemic therapies. An understanding of the genetic and molecular underpinnings of DGC may help inform of its clinical behavior and aid in screening, diagnosis, and response to treatment...
2020: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33073045/diagnosis-of-early-gastric-cancer-using-image-enhanced-endoscopy-a-systematic-approach
#7
REVIEW
Masaki Miyaoka, Kenshi Yao, Hiroshi Tanabe, Takao Kanemitsu, Kensei Otsu, Kentaro Imamura, Yoichiro Ono, Satoshi Ishikawa, Tatsuhisa Yasaka, Toshiharu Ueki, Atsuko Ota, Seiji Haraoka, Akinori Iwashita
This paper provides an overview of the principles of a vessel plus surface (VS) classification system to explain the diagnostic system of early gastric cancer using image-enhanced magnifying endoscopy. Furthermore, this paper introduces the magnifying endoscopy simple diagnostic algorithm for gastric cancer (MEADA-G) developed according to the VS classification system, with a description of the procedures performed for diagnosis. In addition to the diagnostic system, white opaque substance (WOS), light blue crest (LBC), white globe appearance (WGA), and vessels within epithelial circle (VEC) patterns, which are representative findings that can be observed in the gastric mucosa by image-enhanced magnifying endoscopy, are also described...
2020: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072745/down-regulation-of-mir-7-in-gastric-cancer-is-associated-with-elevated-ldh-a-expression-and-chemoresistance-to-cisplatin
#8
Hui-Fang Jin, Ju-Feng Wang, Ming Shao, Kailu Zhou, Xiao Ma, Xian-Ping Lv
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are dysregulated in the context of many cancer types, making them potentially ideal diagnostic or therapeutic targets in patients in which they are aberrantly expressed. In the present study, we found miR-7 to be downregulated in gastric cancer (GC), and we further determined its expression to be closely linked to GC sensitivity to the chemotherapeutic compound cisplatin. This effect appears to be at least partially attributable to the regulation of LDH-A, which is a miR-7 target gene and expression of LDH-A is negatively correlated with miR-7 expression in primary GC tumor samples...
2020: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072602/tumor-associated-neutrophils-can-predict-lymph-node-metastasis-in-early-gastric-cancer
#9
Yaohui Wang, Jing Zhai, Tiancheng Zhang, Shutang Han, Yifen Zhang, Xuequan Yao, Lizong Shen
The consensus of endoscopic therapy for early gastric cancer (EGC) mainly depends on its clinicopathological features. However, the roles of tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) in EGC remain uncertain. Here, we explored its predictive role for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in EGC. Three hundred twenty-two patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for EGC were enrolled. Preoperative peripheral blood was used to analyze the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and the different status of TANs was determined by hematoxylin-and-eosin staining (H&E) and immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072557/seven-gene-signature-based-on-glycolysis-is-closely-related-to-the-prognosis-and-tumor-immune-infiltration-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#10
Shanshan Yu, Chuan Hu, Luya Cai, Xuedan Du, Fan Lin, Qiongjie Yu, Lixiao Liu, Cheng Zhang, Xuan Liu, Wenfeng Li, Yu Zhan
Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, exhibiting a high morbidity, and mortality. As the various treatment methods for gastric cancer are limited by disadvantages, many efforts to improve the efficacy of these treatments are being taken. Metabolic recombination is an important characteristic of cancer and has gradually caused a recent upsurge in research. However, systematic analysis of the interaction between glycolysis and GC patient prognosis and its potential associations with immune infiltration is lacking but urgently needed...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072552/corrigendum-a-dual-circular-rna-signature-as-a-non-invasive-diagnostic-biomarker-for-gastric-cancer
#11
Li Han, Xiaoying Zhang, Aimin Wang, Yang Ji, Xuelei Cao, Qiaoji Qin, Tao Yu, Huan Huang, Lei Yin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00184.].
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072546/circular-rnas-as-new-regulators-in-gastric-cancer-diagnosis-and-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Wei Wu, Tianyuan Zhen, Junmin Yu, Qingli Yang
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers that causes high mortality in the world. Although the surgery tools and chemotherapies have significantly improved the overall survival of patients with GC, the early diagnosis of GC remains insufficient and many patients diagnosed with advanced stages of GC are not able to benefit from curative therapy. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), novel members of the non-coding cancer genome, are being explored with regards to various cancer types including GC...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33072510/malignant-lymphoma-mimics-miliary-tuberculosis-by-diffuse-micronodular-radiographic-findings
#13
Kyoko Yagyu, Masaaki Kobayashi, Takahiro Ueda, Riki Uenishi, Yuko Nakatsuji, Haruhiko Matsushita
This case reports rare findings on computed tomography of a manifestation of malignant lymphoma, in which diffuse lung shadows appeared as miliary nodules distributed throughout the lungs bilaterally. The patient had a history of surgical treatment of rectal cancer and had received chemotherapy for suspicious liver metastasis. At her current presentation for evaluation suspected miliary tuberculosis on chest radiography, subsequent liver biopsy revealed a mass infiltration of atypical lymphocytes, which was diagnosed as follicular lymphoma...
2020: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33071173/long-term-survival-in-patients-with-peritoneal-metastasised-gastric-cancer-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-multi-institutional-cohort-from-psogi
#14
Andreas Brandl, Yutaka Yonemura, Olivier Glehen, Paul Sugarbaker, Beate Rau
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis (PM) of gastric cancer (GC) is relatively common (17%) and is associated with poor survival. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is still controversially discussed, as it has proven an increase in survival in selected patients, but only a small subgroup reached long-term survival. The aim of this study was to collect and analyse a worldwide cohort of patients treated with CRS and HIPEC with long-term survival in order to explore relevant patient characteristics...
October 14, 2020: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070888/anti-ma-encephalitis-masquerading-as-wernicke-encephalopathy
#15
Huanyu Meng, Qinming Zhou, Sheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Anti-Ma encephalitis is a disease usually associated with testicular cancer in young male patients. Anti-Ma encephalitis presented as Wernicke encephalopathy-like symptoms and with gastric cancer is rare. Here, we report a case of anti-Ma encephalitis with gastric cancer in an elderly patient, which has been misdiagnosed of Wernicke encephalopathy. CASE REPORT: A 71-year old male with a history of alcohol abuse was admitted to the hospital because of progressive dizziness, diplopia and anorexia lasted for 1 month...
September 2020: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070562/prognostic-value-of-serum-soluble-programmed-death-ligand-1-spdl1-and-dynamics-during-chemotherapy-in-advanced-gastric-cancer-patients
#16
Woochan Park, Ju-Hee Bang, Ah-Rong Nam, Mei Hua Jin, Hyerim Seo, Jae-Min Kim, Kyoung Seok Oh, Tae-Yong Kim, Do-Youn Oh
Purpose: The soluble form Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (sPDL1) has immunosuppressive properties and is being studied as a candidate biomarker for immuno-oncology drug development. We measured the serum sPDL1 at pre-and post-chemotherapy and evaluated its prognostic implication and dynamics during chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Method: We prospectively enrolled 68 GC patients who were candidates for palliative standard first-line chemotherapy, and serially collected blood at baseline and after one cycle of chemotherapy, at the best response and after disease progression...
October 6, 2020: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070558/trends-in-chemotherapy-patterns-and-survival-of-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-over-a-16-year-period-impact-of-anti-her2-targeted-agent-in-the-real-world-setting
#17
Dong-Hoe Koo, Min-Hee Ryu, Mi-Yeon Lee, Heejung Chae, Eo Jin Kim, Mee-Sun Moon, Yoon-Koo Kang
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the survivals of patients with metastatic or recurrent gastric cancer (MRGC) over a period of 16 years and to investigate the recent changes in chemotherapy patterns. Materials and Methods: A total of 5,384 patients who received chemotherapy for MRGC between 2000 and 2015 were analyzed. The analysis focused on a comparison of the first-line chemotherapy between four periods: 2000-2003 (period 1), 2004-2007 (period 2), 2008-2011 (period 3), and 2012-2015 (period 4)...
October 6, 2020: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070263/docetaxel-induced-fluid-retention-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-s-1-plus-docetaxel
#18
Kunihiro Tsuji, Yosuke Kito, Saori Miyajima, Miwa Yonezawa, Anna Kubo, Kahori Ushijima, Hisashi Doyama
S-1 plus docetaxel is the standard postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy regimen for patients with stage III gastric cancer in Japan, which has increased the use of docetaxel. One of the most common adverse events of docetaxel, which is widely used to treat several malignancies, is fluid retention. Conversely, the most worrisome cause of ascites in patients who receive adjuvant chemotherapy is recurrence. Sometimes, the differential diagnosis of ascites is difficult if ascitic cytology is negative. In this study, we presented the case of a patient with massive ascites that appeared during adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 plus docetaxel...
October 18, 2020: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33070127/dna-methylation-and-genetic-aberrations-in-gastric-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Genki Usui, Keisuke Matsusaka, Yasunobu Mano, Masayuki Urabe, Sayaka Funata, Masashi Fukayama, Tetsuo Ushiku, Atsushi Kaneda
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. GC is a pathologically and molecularly heterogeneous disease. DNA hypermethylation in promoter CpG islands causes silencing of tumor-suppressor genes and thus contributes to gastric carcinogenesis. In addition, various molecular aberrations, including aberrant chromatin structures, gene mutations, structural variants, and somatic copy number alterations, are involved in gastric carcinogenesis...
October 16, 2020: Digestion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33069801/hypomethylation-of-the-xre-1383-site-is-associated-with-the-upregulation-of-cyp1a1-in-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#20
L Sadeghi-Amiri, A Barzegar, N Nikbakhsh-Zati, P Mehraban
Owing to its broad substrate specificity of mainly xenobiotic and its preferential extrahepatic expression, cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a principle member of the CYP450 detoxifying enzyme superfamily involving in carcinogenesis. In this study, we analyzed methylation status of 93 CpG sites, densely scattered within approximately 1.5 kb 5' regulatory region of CYP1A1, and its association with gene transcription in tissue cohorts dissected from 40 patients with gastric cancer. Bisulfite sequencing and the resulting methylation percentages revealed dynamically methylated CpG sites located within or around xenobiotic response elements (XRE) 4-10, and a region of consistent hypermethylation located near proximal promoter, encompassing XRE2-3...
October 15, 2020: Gene
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