Masakazu Fujii, Naoya Okada, Ryuji Shichinohe, Yasuo Sakurai, Yoshihiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: Gastric remnant reconstruction is commonly used for esophagectomy reconstruction. However, standard reconstruction cannot be performed in some patients with a specific medical history. We report a case of esophagectomy and gastric remnant reconstruction with left gastroepiploic artery (LGEA) supercharge to treat esophageal cancer in a patient in whom the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) had previously been occluded. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65-year-old man underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma...
April 8, 2021: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Riccardo Vasapolli, Marino Venerito, Wiebke Schirrmeister, Cosima Thon, Jochen Weigt, Thomas Wex, Peter Malfertheiner, Alexander Link
Gastric carcinogenesis is associated with alterations of microRNAs (miRNAs) and reversal of these alterations may be a crucial element in cancer prevention. Here we evaluate the influence of H. pylori eradication, low-dose aspirin (LDA), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) on modification of inflammatory mucosal miRNAs miR-155 and miR-223 in Helicobacter pylori-infected and non-infected subjects. The study was performed in two parts: 1) interventional study in 20 healthy subjects with and without H...
2021: PloS One
Junling Chen, Minglin Zhang, Zhiyuan Ma, Dumin Yuan, Jiaxing Zhu, Biguang Tuo, Taolang Li, Xuemei Liu
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant cancers in the world and has only few treatment options and, concomitantly, a poor prognosis. It is generally accepted now that the tumor microenvironment, particularly that under hypoxia, plays an important role in cancer development. Hypoxia can regulate the energy metabolism and malignancy of tumor cells by inducing or altering various important factors, such as oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS), hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), autophagy and acidosis...
April 15, 2021: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Shria Kumar, David S Goldberg, David E Kaplan
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration requested withdrawal of ranitidine formulations, due to a potentially carcinogenic contaminant, N-nitrosodimethylamine. AIMS: We evaluate whether ranitidine use is associated with gastric cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective multicenter, nationwide cohort study within the Veterans Health Administration, among patients with Helicobacter pylori (HP) prescribed long-term acid suppression with either: (1) ranitidine, (2) other histamine type 2 receptor blocker (H2RB), or (3) proton pump inhibitor (PPI)) between May 1, 1998, and December 31, 2018...
April 15, 2021: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Sean P Dineen, Jose M Pimiento
Gastric cancer (GC) is a common cancer worldwide, with patients developing isolated peritoneal metastases (PM) in approximately 30% of cases. In patients with PM, prognosis is quite poor, and long-term survival is almost zero. Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment in many peritoneal malignancies, including appendiceal and ovarian cancers and in peritoneal mesothelioma. In this educational review, we summarize many of the seminal studies addressing the potential benefit of CRS/HIPEC for patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal metastases (GC/PM)...
April 15, 2021: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Hongquan Liu, Xiaoyu Liu
LINC01207 is involved in the progression of some cancers. This study was designed to delve into the biological function and mechanism of LINC01207 in gastric cancer. qPCR was adopted to examine the expression levels of LINC01207, miR-671-5p, DDX5 mRNA in gastric cancer tissues and cells. After LINC01207 was overexpressed or depleted, MTT and BrdU assays were conducted to detect cell proliferation. Transwell assay was employed to detect cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to detect the expression of DDX5 protein in cells...
April 15, 2021: Journal of Biochemistry
Yanpeng Ma, Wenyao Wang, Longlong Liu, Yang Liu, Wei Bi
Background: This study aims to investigate the correlation of VEGF-B and FLT-1 co-expression with the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). Materials & methods: Primary GC samples and adjacent tissues were obtained from 96 patients. Results: Both VEGF-B and FLT-1 were testified to be upregulated in the human GC compared with adjacent tissues. Spearman's rank correlation analysis indicated that VEGF-B and FLT-1 expression were correlated (r = 0.321, p = 0.0015). High VEGF-B and FLT-1 co-expression patients showed poor prognosis when compared with low VEGF-B and FLT-1 co-expression patients (p = 0...
April 15, 2021: Biomarkers in Medicine
Soo Min Ahn, Woo Jin Hyung
Purpose: Proximal intestinal bypass (PIB), such as Billroth II or Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy after curative distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer induces beneficial effects on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to characterize the long-term evolution of pancreatic beta cells and insulin signaling in target tissue after a PIB procedure. Methods: Zucker diabetic fatty rats were randomly assigned to the PIB, sham-operated PIB pair-fed, and ad libitum fed groups...
April 2021: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Dong-Wook Kim, Sang Il Youn, Ye Seob Jee
Purpose: This study aimed to compare treatment options and outcomes based on peritoneal cancer index (PCI) among patients with peritoneal metastasis (PM) of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Methods: Between January 2016 and July 2019, clinicopathological data of patients with AGC diagnosed with PM were reviewed. Different treatment methods were performed according to the PCI score: (1) group A (PCI ≤ 13) received cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with postoperative intraperitoneal (IP) and systemic chemotherapy (n = 29), while (2) group B (PCI > 13) received IP chemotherapy with systemic chemotherapy (n = 22)...
April 2021: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Ya-Jun Zhao, Jun Zhang, Yong-Cang Wang, Liang Wang, Xin-Yang He
Gastric cancer seriously affects human health and research on gastric cancer is attracting more and more attentions. In recent years, molecular targets have become the research focus. Accumulating evidence indicates that miR-450a-5p plays a critical role in cancer progression. However, the biological role of miR-450a-5p in gastric carcinogenesis remains largely unknown. In this study, we explore the effects and mechanisms of miR-450a-5p on the development and progression of gastric cancer. We used gain-of-function approaches to investigate the role of miR-450a-5p on gastric cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis using biological and molecular techniques including real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry, Western blot, wound healing, transwell chamber, dual luciferase reporter, and tumor xenograft mouse model...
2021: Frontiers in Oncology
Cong Chen, Yan-Mei Gu, Fan Zhang, Zheng-Chao Zhang, Ya-Ting Zhang, Yi-Di He, Ling Wang, Ning Zhou, Fu-Tian Tang, Hong-Jian Liu, Yu-Min Li
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell is a promising method in cancer immunotherapy but faces many challenges in solid tumors. One of the major problems was immunosuppression caused by PD-1. In our study, the expression of c-Met in GC was analyzed from TCGA datasets, GC tissues, and cell lines. The c-Met CAR was a second-generation CAR with 4-1BB, cMet-PD1/CD28 CAR was c-Met CAR adding PD1/CD28 chimeric-switch receptor (CSR). In vitro , we measured the changes of different subgroups, phenotypes and PD-1 expression in CAR-T cells...
March 31, 2021: Oncoimmunology
Keitaro Takahashi, Nobuhiro Ueno, Takahiro Sasaki, Yu Kobayashi, Yuya Sugiyama, Yuki Murakami, Takehito Kunogi, Katsuyoshi Ando, Shin Kashima, Kentaro Moriichi, Hiroki Tanabe, Yuki Kamikokura, Sayaka Yuzawa, Mishie Tanino, Toshikatsu Okumura, Mikihiro Fujiya
Gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland mucosa type (GA-FGM) was proposed as a new variant of gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type (GA-FG). However, at present, the influence of Helicobacter pylori and the speed of progression and degree of malignancy in GA-FGM remain unclear. Herein, we report the first case of intramucosal GA-FGM that was endoscopically observed before and after H. pylori eradication over 15 years. The lesion showed the same tumor size with no submucosal invasion and a low MIB-1 labeling index 15 years after its detection using endoscopy...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Han Hong Lee, Oh Jeong, Ho Seok Seo, Min Gew Choi, Seong Yeob Ryu, Tae Sung Sohn, Jae Moon Bae, Sung Kim, Jun Ho Lee
Purpose: With advances in surgical techniques, reduced-port laparoscopic surgery is increasingly being performed for the treatment of gastric carcinoma. Many studies have reported satisfactory short-term outcomes after reduced 3-port laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG). The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term oncological outcomes of 3-port LG in patients with gastric carcinoma. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 1,117 patients who underwent LG for gastric carcinoma in three major institutions between 2012 and 2015...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Joonseon Park, Chul Hyo Jeon, So Jung Kim, Ho Seok Seo, Kyo Young Song, Han Hong Lee
Purpose: To date, no studies have been performed on staging based on the lymph node ratio (LNR) in elderly patients with gastric cancer who may require limited lymph node (LN) dissection due to morbidity and tissue fragility. We aimed to develop a new N staging system using the LNR in elderly patients with gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: The present study included patients aged over 75 years who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 1989 and December 2018...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Sejin Lee, Taeil Son, Jeong Ho Song, Seohee Choi, Minah Cho, Yoo Min Kim, Hyoung-Il Kim, Woo Jin Hyung
Purpose: No consensus exists on whether to preserve or ligate an aberrant left hepatic artery (ALHA), which is the most commonly encountered hepatic arterial variation during gastric surgery. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of ALHA ligation by analyzing the perioperative outcomes. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 5,310 patients who underwent subtotal/total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Patients in whom the ALHA was ligated (n=486) were categorized into 2 groups according to peak aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels: moderate-to-severe (MS) elevation (≥5 times the upper limit of normal [ULN]; MS group, n=42) and no-to-mild (NM) elevation (<5 times the ULN; NM group, n=444)...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Chang Seok Ko, Jin Ho Jheong, In-Seob Lee, Beom Su Kim, Min-Ju Kim, Moon-Won Yoo
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of total laparoscopic total gastrectomy without mesentery division (LTG without MD) and conventional total laparoscopic total gastrectomy (CLTG), as well as evaluate the appropriate method for esophagojejunostomy (EJ) reconstruction after total laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 301 consecutive patients who underwent TLTG for upper or middle third gastric cancer between January 2016 and May 2019...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Kankai Zhu, Hailong Jin, Zhijian Li, Yuan Gao, Qing Zhang, Xiaosun Liu, Jiren Yu
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively enrolled gastric cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and curative surgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University from 2004 to 2015 as the study cohort. Patients with the same inclusion criteria treated in 2016-2017 were enrolled as the validation cohort...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Amy Kim, Chang Min Lee, Sungsoo Park
Purpose: As the number of gastric cancer survivors is increasing and their quality of life after surgery is being emphasized, single-port surgery is emerging as an alternative to conventional gastrectomy. A novel multi-degree-of-freedom (DOF) articulating device, the ArtiSential® device (LivsMed, Seongnam, Korea), was designed to allow more intuitive and meticulous control for surgeons facing ergonomic difficulties with conventional tools. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of this new device during single-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (SP-LDG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) patients...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Tomoyuki Wakahara, Kiyonori Kanemitsu, Susumu Miura, Shinobu Tsuchida, Takeshi Iwasaki, Mitsuru Sasako
Purpose: While the amylase concentration of the drainage fluid (dAmy) has been reported to be a predictor of postoperative pancreas-related complications (PPRC), the optimal timing for its measurement has not been fully investigated. Materials and Methods: The clinicopathological data of 387 patients who underwent elective gastrectomy for gastric cancer were reviewed. Laboratory data, including dAmy on postoperative days 1 (dAmy1) and 3 (dAmy3), and serum C-reactive protein (sCRP) concentrations on postoperative days 1 (sCRP1) and 3 (sCRP3) were compared between patients with PPRC and without PPRC...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Alexandru Martiniuc, Traian Dumitrascu, Mihnea Ionescu, Stefan Tudor, Monica Lacatus, Vlad Herlea, Catalin Vasilescu
Purpose: Incidence, risk factors, and clinical consequences of pancreatic fistula (POPF) after D1+/D2 radical gastrectomy have not been well investigated in Western patients, particularly those from Eastern Europe. Materials and Methods: A total of 358 D1+/D2 radical gastrectomies were performed by surgeons with high caseloads in a single surgical center from 2002 to 2017. A retrospective analysis of data that were prospectively gathered in an electronic database was performed...
March 2021: Journal of Gastric Cancer
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