Agnes Ducoulombier, Joel Guigay, Marie-Christine Etienne-Grimaldi, Esma Saada-Bouzid
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Clinical data on salvage chemotherapy used after checkpoints inhibitors in oncology are reviewed, with a special focus on recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC). RECENT FINDINGS: Converging evidence is emerging about high response and/or disease control rates associated with salvage chemotherapy after immunotherapy failure in advanced solid tumours. This phenomenon is mainly reported in retrospective studies for "hot tumours" such as R/M HNSCC, melanoma, lung, urothelial or gastric cancers, but also in haematological malignancies...
March 15, 2023: Current Opinion in Oncology
Lin Sun, Jiajia Liu, Meng Guo, Jiaqi Xu, Dan Wang
RATIONALE: Chinese women topped the list of new breast cancers, the first diagnosed gastric metastasis and bone metastasis is extremely infrequent. The clinical and pathological diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer is difficult. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of the first diagnosis of breast cancer with both gastric metastasis and bone metastasis. CASE REPORT: The female patient was found to have abdominal distension for 15 days with nausea and vomiting...
March 25, 2023: BMC Women's Health
Hui Yi Grace Lim, Nick Barker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2023: Gastroenterology
Amina Arken, Xinmin Zhao, Yanhua Gao, Adil Omar, Dan Tang, Ahmidin Waili, Zi Yang, Yahui Wang, Haji Akbar Aisa, Abulimiti Yili
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lamb abomasum is used as an edible medicinal source in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Lamb abomasum sourced biochemical drug Lamb's trip extract and Vitamin B12 capsule used for the clinical treatment of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer, and reversal of intestinal metaplasia. Therefore, claimed to have prevention of gastric cancer activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we aim to assess whether the glycoprotein has biological activity in the cure of gastric disorder and conduct a structure-activity relationship...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Xingliang Fang, Jinfang Xu, Ketao Jin, Jun Qian
Evidence reveals that gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common malignancy in humans, and about 770,000 people die from this cancer yearly. It has been reported that new cases and deaths from GC are more common in men than women. Therapeutic approaches, such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, have been common for treating GC. Nevertheless, due to the complications and limitations of these methods, researchers use novel approaches, such as immunotherapeutic or target therapies, to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment in patients with metastatic GC...
March 23, 2023: International Immunopharmacology
Chihiro Matsumoto, Naoki Enomoto, Kazuhiko Yamada, Daiki Kato, Shusuke Yagi, Kyoko Nohara, Norihiro Kokudo, Kento Misumi, Toru Igari
A 78-year-old man presented with a large abdominal mass detected by ultrasonography during a regular checkup. Even if the mass was > 10 cm in diameter, he was asymptomatic. Computed tomography detected an oval-shaped mass, with a maximum diameter of 12 cm, adjacent to the greater curvature of the stomach. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a 20 mm slightly depressed (type 0-IIc) lesion on the posterior wall of the gastric antrum, which was confirmed to be adenocarcinoma. Three cycles of combination chemotherapy with S-1 and oxaliplatin were administered as neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
March 25, 2023: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Xie Peng, Li Hui-Qin, Huang Xia
PURPOSES: The purposes of this discrete choice experiment are as follows: (1) quantify the relevant characteristics that may affect the follow-up selection of gastric cancer patients after surgery and (2) explore the differences in follow-up preferences of gastric cancer patients at different stages and reveal the change trend of preferences over time, thereby providing references for the formulation and optimization of follow-up strategies. METHODS: A survey instrument that was developed using the design principle of a discrete choice experiment investigated gastric cancer patients on the day of discharge, and at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after discharge...
March 25, 2023: Supportive Care in Cancer
Koshi Kumagai, Souya Nunobe, Naoki Hiki, Masaru Hayami, Naoki Ishizuka, Satoshi Ida, Rie Makuuchi, Xiaohua Jiang, Manabu Ohashi, Takeshi Sano
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy is more frequently associated with postoperative pancreatic fistula than is open gastrectomy. We assumed that compression of the pancreas with various devices to obtain a proper operative view is associated with the higher incidence of PF in LG and that the extent of the compression differs depending on the anatomical position of the pancreas. The present study aimed to elucidate the correlation between the anatomical position of the pancreas and PF after LG for gastric cancer...
March 25, 2023: World Journal of Surgery
Viktoria Knaze, Heinz Freisling, Paz Cook, Katy Heise, Johanna Acevedo, Marcos Cikutovic, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Rodrig Marculescu, Catterina Ferreccio, Rolando Herrero, Jin Young Park
PURPOSE: Gastric atrophy (GA), usually linked to chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), may over time evolve into gastric malignancy. Besides H. pylori, high salt intake may play a role in GA development. This study evaluates cross sectionally the association between salt intake and GA in Chilean adults. METHODS: Population-based samples were recruited from two sites, Antofagasta and Valdivia, partaking in the Epidemiological Investigation of Gastric Malignancies...
March 24, 2023: European Journal of Nutrition
Miriam Eva Ecker, Helgard Weckauf, Sandra Tebbe, Frank Schuppert
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are increasingly used in advanced malignant diseases and are well-known for their good results. With the blockade of immune checkpoints, the probability of immune-related adverse events is also increased.We present a 54-year-old female patient with advanced NSCLC. She was treated with pembrolizumab and developed a stable disease under therapy. After six cycles, she presented with massive epigastric pain to our emergency department. Gastroscopy showed severe erosive-fibrinous pangastritis without the involvement of the esophagus, duodenum, or other immune-related adverse effects...
March 24, 2023: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Britta Eiz-Vesper, Sarina Ravens, Britta Maecker-Kolhoff
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is a human gamma herpes virus, which causes several diseases in immunocompetent (mononucleosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, gastric cancer, endemic Burkitt's lymphoma, head and neck cancer) and immunosuppressed (post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, EBV-associated soft tissue tumors) patients. It elicits a complex humoral and cellular immune response with both innate and adaptive immune components. Substantial progress has been made in understanding the interplay of immune cells in EBV-associated diseases in recent years, and several therapeutic approaches have been developed to augment cellular immunity toward EBV for control of EBV-associated malignancy...
March 22, 2023: Current Opinion in Immunology
Haibo Zhou, Chuang Nie, Wenjing Tian, Xu Han, Jing Wang, Xinyu Du, Qi Wang, Xiaojie Zhu, Guanghui Xiang, Yashuang Zhao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastric cancer has long been at a high level in China, seriously affecting the health of Chinese people. AIMS: This case‒control study was performed to identify gene methylation biomarkers of gastric cancer susceptibility. METHODS: A total of 393 gastric cancer cases and 397 controls were included in this study. Gene methylation in peripheral blood leukocytes was detected by a methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting method, and the Helicobacter pylori antibody presence was semi-quantified in serum by ELISA...
March 24, 2023: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Michita Shoka, Mitsuro Kanda, Seiji Ito, Yoshinari Mochizuki, Hitoshi Teramoto, Kiyoshi Ishigure, Toshifumi Murai, Takahiro Asada, Akiharu Ishiyama, Hidenobu Matsushita, Dai Shimizu, Chie Tanaka, Michitaka Fujiwara, Kenta Murotani, Yasuhiro Kodera
PURPOSE: The albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade is calculated using albumin and bilirubin values. We determined the optimal cutoff value of the ALBI grade for predicting the postoperative prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a multicenter database of 3571 patients who underwent gastrectomy for GC between January 2010 and December 2014. The modified ALBI (mALBI) grade was determined using cutoff values: grade 1 (mALBI ≤  - 2...
March 24, 2023: Surgery Today
Albrecht Stenzinger, Brian Cuffel, Noman Paracha, Eric Vail, Jesus Garcia-Foncillas, Clifford Goodman, Ulrik Lassen, Gilles Vassal, Sean D Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Adoption of high-throughput, gene panel-based, next-generation sequencing (NGS) into routine cancer care is widely supported, but hampered by concerns about cost. To inform policies regarding genomic testing strategies, we propose a simple metric, cost per correctly identified patient (CCIP), that compares sequential single-gene testing (SGT) vs. multiplex NGS in different tumor types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A genomic testing cost calculator was developed based on clinically actionable genomic alterations identified in the European Society for Medical Oncology Scale for Clinical Actionability of molecular Targets...
March 24, 2023: Oncologist
Yujing Shi, Mengyang Ju, Xiaoke Di, Xinchen Sun, Xiaojiao Chen, Chenhong He, Liang Liang
The prognostic evaluation of GRIm score has been confirmed in many tumor species. The purpose of this study is to clarify the value of GRIm score in the prognostic evaluation of patients with resectable proximal gastric cancer. A single center retrospective study was conducted in 174 patients with proximal gastric cancer who underwent radical total gastrectomy. An in-depth analysis was carried out to explore the prognostic differences between high and low GRIm, and the influencing factors of disease-free survival rates and overall survival rates were analyzed by Cox regression model and Kaplan-Meier method...
March 24, 2023: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hae Dong Lee, Kyung Han Nam, Cheol Min Shin, Hye Seung Lee, Young Hoon Chang, Hyuk Yoon, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
PURPOSE: To identify important features of lymph node metastasis (LNM) and develop a prediction model for early gastric cancer (EGC) using a gradient boosting machine (GBM) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinicopathologic data of 2556 patients with EGC who underwent gastrectomy were used as training set and the internal validation set (set 1) at a ratio of 8:2. Additionally, 548 patients with EGC who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) as the initial treatment were included in the external validation set (set 2)...
March 21, 2023: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Jianwei Cao, Mingfei Geng, Xiaoyu Huang, Changjiang Liu, Hui Li
Bronchoesophageal fistula is a serious threat to the survival after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The erosion of mediastinal abscess post anastomotic leakage is the most likely directly cause. However, the bronchoesophageal fistula with gastric conduit necrosis and mediastinal abscess is refractory to either surgical or conservative treatment. In the article, a unique case of Bronchoesophageal fistula with mediastinal abscess after gastric conduit necrosis is presented. A 74-year-old female was detected the right inferior bronchus-esophageal fistula with mediastinal abscess on 15 postoperative day after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer...
2023: Frontiers in Surgery
Luis Gabriel Parra-Lara, Juan Camilo Falla-Martínez, Daniel Francisco Isaza-Pierotti, Diana Marcela Mendoza-Urbano, Andrés R Tangua-Arias, Juan Carlos Bravo, Luis Eduardo Bravo, Ángela R Zambrano
BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) has changed in recent decades. Cancer estimates are often calculated from population-based cancer registries, which lack valuable information to guide decision-making (clinical outcomes). We describe the trends in clinical practice for GA using a hospital-based cancer registry over a timespan of 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Data were gathered from adults diagnosed and treated for GA at Fundación Valle del Lili (FVL), between 2000 and 2014, from the hospital's own cancer registry and crossed with Cali's Cancer Registry...
2023: Frontiers in Oncology
Junjie Zeng, Kai Li, Fengyu Cao, Yongbin Zheng
BACKGROUND: The currently available prediction models, such as the Cox model, were too simplistic to correctly predict the outcome of gastric adenocarcinoma patients. This study aimed to develop and validate survival prediction models for gastric adenocarcinoma patients using the deep learning survival neural network. METHODS: A total of 14,177 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included in the study and randomly divided into the training and testing group with a 7:3 ratio...
2023: Frontiers in Oncology
Aaron P Thrift, Theresa Nguyen Wenker, Hashem B El-Serag
Gastric cancer remains a major cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The temporal trends for this malignancy, however, are dynamic, and reports from the past decade indicate important declines in some regions and demographic groups, as well as a few notable exceptions in which gastric cancer rates are either stable or increasing. Two main anatomical subtypes of gastric cancer exist, non-cardia and cardia, with different temporal trends and risk factors (such as obesity and reflux for cardia gastric cancer and Helicobacter pylori infection for non-cardia gastric cancer)...
March 23, 2023: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
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