Bhavana Katta, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Souradeep Dutta, Biswajit Dubashi, Vishnu Prasad Nelamangala Ramakrishnaiah
INTRODUCTION: Understanding patients' self-reported chemotherapy side effects is significant because it affects patients' quality of life (QOL) and compliance with treatment. Our current knowledge of chemotherapy side effects comes from available literature, whose external validity is questionable. Moreover, there are very few studies available in the literature that focus on various cancers and their associated side effects. METHODS: A single-center, prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care center from July 2019 to July 2021...
April 2023: Curēus
Kaile Yue, Dashuang Sheng, Xinxin Xue, Lanlan Zhao, Guoping Zhao, Chuandi Jin, Lei Zhang
The induction of aberrant DNA methylation is the major pathway by which Helicobacter pylori infection induces stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD). The involvement of the non-H. pylori gastric microbiota in this mechanism remains to be examined. RNA sequencing data, clinical information, and DNA methylation data were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) STAD project. The Kraken 2 pipeline was employed to explore the microbiome profiles. The microbiome was associated with occurrence, distal metastasis, and prognosis, and differential methylation changes related to distal metastasis and prognosis were analyzed...
June 1, 2023: Microbiology Spectrum
Fortunato Ciardiello, Yung-Jue Bang, Andrés Cervantes, Mikhail Dvorkin, Charles D Lopez, Jean-Philippe Metges, Antonio Sánchez Ruiz, Mariona Calvo, Andrew H Strickland, George Kannourakis, Kei Muro, Hisato Kawakami, Jia Wei, Christophe Borg, Zhaoyin Zhu, Neal Gupta, Robert J Pelham, Lin Shen
BACKGROUND: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors (PARPi) are approved for the treatment of various solid tumors. In gastric cancer, genes commonly harbor mutations in the homologous recombination DNA repair pathway, potentially increasing sensitivity to PARPi. Pamiparib (BGB-290) is a small molecule inhibitor of PARP1 and PARP2. METHODS: The PARALLEL-303 study (NCT03427814) investigated the efficacy and safety of pamiparib 60 mg orally (PO) twice daily (BID) versus placebo PO BID as maintenance therapy in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer that responded to platinum-based first-line chemotherapy...
June 1, 2023: Cancer Medicine
Sheng-Fan Wang, Yuh-Lih Chang, Wen-Liang Fang, Anna Fen-Yau Li, Chian-Feng Chen, Tien-Shun Yeh, Giun-Yi Hung, Kuo-Hung Huang, Hsin-Chen Lee
Gastric cancer is a common cancer worldwide, particularly in East Asia. Chemotherapy is used in adjuvant or palliative therapies for gastric cancer. However, subsequent chemoresistance often develops. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) links to several cancers, but its effect on chemoresistance in gastric cancer remains unclear. Here, we analyzed clinical samples from genetic databases and included patients with gastric cancer. We dissected the regulatory mechanism underlying GDF15-mediated resistance of cisplatin in human gastric cancer cells...
June 1, 2023: Cancer Science
Ke-Qian Chen, Yu-Qing Zhang, Zong-Bao Wang, Shu-Zhi Wang
Canopy FGF signaling regulator 2 (CNPY2) is a novel angiogenic growth factor. In recent years, increasing evidence highlights that CNPY2 has important functions in health and disease. Many new blood vessels need to be formed to meet the nutrient supply in the process of tumor growth. CNPY2 can participate in the development of tumors by promoting angiogenesis. CNPY2 also enhances neurite outgrowth in neurologic diseases and promotes cell proliferation and tissue repair, thereby improving cardiac function in cardiovascular diseases...
June 1, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Akihiro Takeuchi, Toshiyasu Ojima, Keiji Hayata, Junya Kitadani, Taro Goda, Shinta Tominaga, Naoki Fukuda, Tomoki Nakai, Hiroki Yamaue, Manabu Kawai
Diaphragmatic hernia is a very rare but high-risk complication after esophagectomy. Although there are many studies on the Ivor Lewis esophagectomy procedure for diaphragmatic hernia, there are fewer studies on the McKeown procedure. The present study aimed to estimate the incidence of diaphragmatic hernia after esophagectomy, describing its presentation and management with the McKeown procedure. We retrospectively evaluated the 622 patients who underwent radical esophagectomy between January 2002 and December 2020 at the Wakayama Medical University Hospital...
May 31, 2023: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Yoon Suk Jung, Mai Thi Xuan Tran, Boyoung Park, Chang Mo Moon
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We evaluated the associations between gastric cancer (GC) family history (FH) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and between CRC FH and GC/gastric adenoma risk. METHODS: We used data of participants who underwent national cancer screening between 2013 and 2014. Participants with GC or CRC FH in first-degree relatives (n = 1 172 750) and those without cancer FH (n = 3 518 250) were matched 1:3 by age and gender...
May 31, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Roman Komarov, Sergey Osminin, Stanislav Chernyavsky, Ivan Ivashov
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the second highest cause of morbidity among malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and fifth in overall cancer statistics. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of death in the world. Aneurysm of the abdominal aorta is the most common type of vascular aneurysm, while in 75% of the cases it is asymptomatic. The risk of rupture of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta increases progressively depending on its diameter and the age of the patient...
May 31, 2023: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Yu Zhang, Gengyuan Hu, Zhenxing Zhang, Yuanming Jing, Feng Tao, Minfeng Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2023: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
Kasper Karlsson, Moritz J Przybilla, Eran Kotler, Aziz Khan, Hang Xu, Kremena Karagyozova, Alexandra Sockell, Wing H Wong, Katherine Liu, Amanda Mah, Yuan-Hung Lo, Bingxin Lu, Kathleen E Houlahan, Zhicheng Ma, Carlos J Suarez, Chris P Barnes, Calvin J Kuo, Christina Curtis
The earliest events during human tumour initiation, although poorly characterized, may hold clues to malignancy detection and prevention1 . Here we model occult preneoplasia by biallelic inactivation of TP53, a common early event in gastric cancer, in human gastric organoids. Causal relationships between this initiating genetic lesion and resulting phenotypes were established using experimental evolution in multiple clonally derived cultures over 2 years. TP53 loss elicited progressive aneuploidy, including copy number alterations and structural variants prevalent in gastric cancers, with evident preferred orders...
May 31, 2023: Nature
Bui Hoang Phuc, Vo Phuoc Tuan, Tran Thanh Binh, Pham Huu Tung, Tran Dinh Tri, Ho Dang Quy Dung, Ngo Phuong Minh Thuan, Kartika Afrida Fauzia, Evariste Tshibangu-Kabamba, Ricky Indra Alfaray, Batsaikhan Saruuljavkhlan, Takashi Matsumoto, Junko Akada, Yoshio Yamaoka
Helicobacter pylori is involved in the etiology and severity of several gastroduodenal diseases; however, plasticity of the H. pylori genome makes complete genome assembly difficult. We report here the full genomes of H. pylori strains CHC155 and VN1291 isolated from a non-cardia gastric cancer patient and a duodenal ulcer patient, respectively, and their virulence demonstrated by in vitro infection. Whole-genome sequences were obtained by combining long- and short-reads with a hybrid-assembly approach. Both CHC155 and VN1291 genome possessed four kinds of genomic island: a cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), two type 4 secretion system islands within an integrative and conjugative element (tfs ICE), and prophage...
May 31, 2023: Scientific Reports
Guoqiang Tao, Xiangyu Wen, Xingxing Wang, Qi Zhou
Metabolic reprogramming has been defined as a key hall mark of human tumors. However, metabolic heterogeneity in gastric cancer has not been elucidated. Here we separated the TCGA-STAD dataset into two metabolic subtypes. The differences between subtypes were elaborated in terms of transcriptomics, genomics, tumor-infiltrating cells, and single-cell resolution. We found that metabolic subtype 1 is predominantly characterized by low metabolism, high immune cell infiltration. Subtype 2 is mainly characterized by high metabolism and low immune cell infiltration...
May 31, 2023: Scientific Reports
Hui Zhang, Huawei Feng, Tiansong Yu, Man Zhang, Zhikui Liu, Lidan Ma, Hongsheng Liu
Oxidative stress, as a characteristic of cellular aerobic metabolism, plays a crucial regulatory role in the development and metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators in GC development. However, research on the prognostic patterns of oxidative stress-related lncRNAs (OSRLs) and their functions in the immune microenvironment is currently insufficient. We identified the OSRLs signature (DIP2A-IT1, DUXAP8, TP53TG1, SNHG5, AC091057.1, AL355001.1, ARRDC1-AS1, and COLCA1) from 185 oxidative stress-related genes in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort via random survival forest and Cox analyses, and the results were subsequently validated in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset...
May 31, 2023: Scientific Reports
Toshihiko Iwanaga
Gastrin and CCK (cholecystokinin), gut hormones first secreted after postprandial stages, share the C-terminal amino acids and some types of receptors to be stimulated. Both types of hormone-secreting cells are typical open-type cells which detect foods and their digested elements in the lumen and regulate the secretion of gastric acid and digestive enzymes, gut motility, and satiety. Gastrin cell granules are characterized by their heterogenous ultrastructure within the cell, while CCK cell granules show a uniform ultrastructural figure...
2023: Biomedical Research
Qian Zhang, Jun Dan, Shuang Meng, Yingjie Li, Jing Li
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors found on both immune and cancerous cells. Gastric cancer (GC) cells/tissues have been shown to exhibit elevated levels of TLR4. Here, we examined the role of TLR4 on autophagy and proliferation in GC cells. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot (WB) were used to determine TLR4 levels at different stages of GC cells/tissues as well as the levels of autophagy-related proteins (ARPs) and determine the underlying signaling mechanism...
May 29, 2023: Gene
Ruofei He, Yu Chen, Chenyu Qian, YiLin Hu, Xinkun Huang, Ran Tao
Dishevelled family proteins (DVL1-3), key scaffold proteins, act on canonical and non-canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. DVL has been implicated in various tumor progression. However, its role and underlying mechanisms in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of DVL in GC development using cell lines and 209 GC specimens. We analyzed three orthologs of DVL in GC tissues and paired adjacent non-tumor tissues, and only DVL2 is highly expressed in GC tissues...
May 24, 2023: Tissue & Cell
Md Rafi Uz Zama Khan, Emiko Yanase, Vishal Trivedi
Haritaki churna (HC), a single herb ayurvedic formulations is known to be prescribed for various gastro-intestinal disorders in Ayurveda. Haritaki churna aqueous extract (HCAE) has anti-cancer activity against different types of cancer cells with an IC50 in the range of 50-97 μg/ml. Bioavailability of Haritaki Churna is very high in digestive track and treatment of colorectal cancer cells HCT-116, DLD1, HT-29 with HCAE reduces its cellular viability with anti-cancer IC50 70μg/ml. HCAE consumption is safe for human as it didn't affect the cellular viability of primary human PBMCs or non-cancerogenic HEK-293 cells...
2023: PloS One
Penghui Xu, Jing Yang, Zetian Chen, Xing Zhang, Yiwen Xia, Sen Wang, Weizhi Wang, Zekuan Xu
BACKGROUND: N6-methyladenosine (m6 A) modification is the most common modification that occurs in eukaryotes. Although substantial effort has been made in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer (GC) in recent years, the prognosis of GC patients remains unsatisfactory. The regulatory mechanism between m6 A modification and GC development needs to be elucidated. In this study, we examined m6 A modification and the downstream mechanism in GC. METHODS: Dot blotting assays, The Cancer Genome Atlas analysis, and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to measure the m6 A levels in GC tissues...
May 31, 2023: Cancer Communications
Satoko Takemoto, Keisuke Hori, Sakai Yoshimasa, Masaomi Nishimura, Keiichiro Nakajo, Atsushi Inaba, Maasa Sasabe, Naoki Aoyama, Takashi Watanabe, Nobuhisa Minakata, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Hideo Yokota, Tomonori Yano
BACKGROUND: Precise area diagnosis of early gastric cancer (EGC) is critical for reliable endoscopic resection. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) shows strong potential for detecting EGC and reducing cancer-care disparities caused by differences in endoscopists' skills. To be used in clinical practice, CAD should enable both the detection and the demarcation of lesions. This study proposes a scheme for the detection and delineation of EGC under white-light endoscopy and validates its performance using 1-year consecutive cases...
May 31, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology
Ying Wang, Zhibo Tan, Xiaoyu Li, Lili Zhang, Xiaojuan Pei
INTRODUCTION: RUNX2 is overexpressed in gastric cancer but the mechanism(s) through which it promotes tumor progression remain undefined. Here, we investigated the role of RUNX2 on gastric cancer pathogenesis at the molecular level. METHODS: The qRT-PCR and western bolt were utilized to examine the mRNA and protein levels. CCK-8, Transwell and wound healing assays were used to measure cell proliferation, invasion and migration. CHIP-PCR gel electrophoresis was used to verify RUNX2 as a transcription factor for MMP13 and MGAT5...
2023: Frontiers in Oncology
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