keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325450/the-limitations-of-standardized-mortality-ratios-for-coronavirus-disease-2019-icu-patients
#1
Amanda Quintairos, Fernando G Zampieri, Vicente Cés Souza-Dantas, Jorge I F Salluh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325449/temporal-trends-in-icu-survival-for-coronavirus-disease-2019-a-bumpy-road
#2
Hallie C Prescott, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325436/time-to-a-negative-sars-cov-2-pcr-predicts-delayed-return-to-work-after-medical-leave-in-covid-19-infected-health-care-workers
#3
Jaime Villarreal, Sandra Valeria Nieto, Fabián Vázquez, M Teresa Del Campo, Ignacio Mahillo, Rafael E de la Hoz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether health care workers' (HCWs) return to work (RTW) after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was associated with time to a negative viral detection test. METHODS: To evaluate the association of return to work (RTW) with an undetectable RT-PCR adjusting for different factors. RESULTS: 375 HCWs who required medical leave for COVID-19 at a hospital in Madrid. Multivariable analyses confirmed the association of delayed RTW with interval to negative PCR (ORadj 1...
July 27, 2021: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325399/covid-19-vaccine-hesitancy-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-united-states-a-follow-up-survey-during-the-initial-vaccine-rollout-in-2021
#4
Dawn M Ehde, Michelle K Roberts, Andrew T Humbert, Tracy E Herring, Kevin N Alschuler
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) organizations have recommended that adults with MS obtain the COVID-19 vaccination. Vaccine hesitancy is a barrier to full COVID-19 inoculation in the general population. Whether vaccine hesitancy is also a barrier towards optimizing vaccination rates in the MS community is unknown. To investigate vaccine hesitancy and inform efforts to increase vaccine uptake in the MS population, we conducted a follow up survey of a national sample of adults with MS living in the United States who completed an initial survey early in the COVID-19 pandemic...
July 22, 2021: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325347/correlation-between-anxiety-depression-symptoms-and-immune-characteristics-in-inpatients-with-2019-novel-coronavirus-in-wuhan-china
#5
Congchong Wu, Zhiying Zhou, Li Ni, Jiang Cao, Meifang Tan, Xiu Wu, Yi Xu, Jianbo Hu
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is widely acknowledged as a severe traumatic event, and depression, anxiety, and psychological distress are common in diagnosed patients. However, the correlations of biological indicators with emotion are rarely reported. The primary objective of this study was to explore the dysfunction of immune-inflammatory characteristics in patients with depression-anxiety symptoms. METHODS: We investigated the mental status of inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan and compared the differences in cytokines and lymphocytes between patients with and without depression-anxiety symptoms at admission...
July 15, 2021: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325334/acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-after-sars-cov-2-vaccination
#6
Alberto Vogrig, Francesco Janes, Gian Luigi Gigli, Francesco Curcio, Ilaria Del Negro, Serena D'Agostini, Martina Fabris, Mariarosaria Valente
Several central and peripheral nervous system complications associated with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been recently described. An effective mass vaccination program is necessary to effectively reduce infection spread and, consequently, limit long-term sequelae, including those affecting the nervous system. Nevertheless, as more patients gain access to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, it is important to report potential adverse events. Herein, we report a patient with previous history of post-infectious rhombencephalitis who developed an acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) two weeks after being vaccinated for COVID-19...
July 21, 2021: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325330/dynamic-estimation-of-future-obsolete-laptop-flows-and-embedded-critical-raw-materials-the-case-study-of-greece
#7
Eleni Kastanaki, Apostolos Giannis
The coronavirus pandemic has turned school and university learning system from classroom-based to exclusively online all over the world. As this change is accompanied by a spike in demand of laptops, an excessive amount of obsolete devices will be witnessed in the near future. Laptops are the most valuable e-waste category containing a high content of numerous critical raw materials, thus their waste management is crucial. Considering the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the laptop lifespan, the future quantities and pieces of obsolete laptops in Greece are estimated (2016-2040), as well as the critical raw materials (CRMs) and precious metals (PMs) embedded in them, to illustrate the potential of recovering useful resources, thus contributing to a circular economy...
July 27, 2021: Waste Management
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325286/sars-cov-2-and-other-coronaviruses-bind-to-phosphorylated-glycans-from-the-human-lung
#8
Lauren Byrd-Leotis, Yi Lasanajak, Thomas Bowen, Kelly Baker, Xuezheng Song, Mehul S Suthar, Richard D Cummings, David A Steinhauer
SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and potentially SARS-CoV-2 emerged as novel human coronaviruses following cross-species transmission from animal hosts. Although the receptor binding characteristics of human coronaviruses are well documented, the role of carbohydrate binding in addition to recognition of proteinaceous receptors has not been fully explored. Using natural glycan microarray technology, we identified N-glycans in the human lung that are recognized by various human and animal coronaviruses. All viruses tested, including SARS-CoV-2, bound strongly to a range of phosphorylated, high mannose N-glycans and to a very specific set of sialylated structures...
July 23, 2021: Virology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325266/the-link-between-covid-19-mortality-and-pm-2-5-emissions-in-rural-and-medium-size-municipalities-considering-population-density-dust-events-and-wind-speed
#9
Federico Páez-Osuna, Gladys Valencia-Castañeda, Uriel Arreguin Rebolledo
One contemporary issue is how environmental pollution and climate can affect the dissemination and severity of COVID-19 in humans. We documented the first case of association between particulate matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5 ) and COVID-19 mortality rates that involved rural and medium-sized municipalities in northwestern Mexico, where direct air quality monitoring is absent. Alternatively, anthropogenic PM2.5 emissions were used to estimate the PM2.5 exposure in each municipality using two scenarios: 1) considering the fraction derived from combustion of vehicle fuel; and 2) the one derived from modeled anthropogenic sources...
July 22, 2021: Chemosphere
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325226/outcomes-of-sars-cov-2-infection-in-patients-with-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-a-multicenter-retrospective-research-network-study
#10
Yousaf B Hadi, Dhairya A Lakhani, Syeda F Z Naqvi, Shailendra Singh, Justin T Kupec
BACKGROUND: Analyses of COVID-19 infection outcomes in patients with preexisting pulmonary sarcoidosis are lacking and are limited to case reports or small case series with the largest study reporting outcomes of 37 patients. RESEARCH QUESTION: Retrospective cohort study to assess clinical outcomes of 945 patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis, presenting with COVID 19, compared to a propensity matched cohort of patients without sarcoidosis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Analysis of a multi-center research network TriNETX was performed including patients more than 16 years of age diagnosed with COVID-19...
July 22, 2021: Respiratory Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325157/impact-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-people-with-epilepsy-an-interventional-study-using-early-physical-consultation
#11
May-Yi Koh, Kheng-Seang Lim, Si-Lei Fong, Si-Bao Khor, Chong-Tin Tan
BACKGROUND: Telehealth use is limited in developing countries. Therefore, a modified approach with early physical consultation was designed and applied in our hospital. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of this early physical consultation in reducing the clinical and psychological impacts of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), which enabled insight into its global feasibility. METHOD: Participants were contacted and offered early physical consultation with a neurologist...
July 10, 2021: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325143/patterns-of-pharmaceuticals-use-during-the-first-wave-of-covid-19-pandemic-in-athens-greece-as-revealed-by-wastewater-based-epidemiology
#12
Aikaterini Galani, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Reza Aalizadeh, Efstathios Kastritis, Meletios-Athanasios Dimopoulos, Nikolaos S Thomaidis
Since 2019, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), impaired public health with considerable morbidity and mortality due to the lack of vaccines and effective treatment. The severe disease mainly harmed adults with predisposing medical comorbidities (such as heart disease, hypertension, chronic lung disease), while it can occur in healthy individuals that may be asymptomatic. Wastewater-based Epidemiology (WBE), a non-invasive, objective, chemical tool was used to monitor and estimate the changes in drug's consumption and prescription patterns under normal conditions (2019) and under COVID-19 pandemic conditions (2020)...
July 21, 2021: Science of the Total Environment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34325108/identifying-and-preventing-burnout-in-young-oncologists-an-overwhelming-challenge-in-the-covid-19-era-a-study-of-the-spanish-society-of-medical-oncology-seom
#13
P Jiménez-Labaig, V Pacheco-Barcia, A Cebrià, F Gálvez, B Obispo, D Páez, A Quílez, T Quintanar, A Ramchandani, J Remon, J Rogado, D A Sánchez, M Sánchez-Cánovas, E Sanz-García, A Sesma, N Tarazona, A Cotés, E González, J Bosch-Barrera, A Fernández, E Felip, R Vera, Á Rodríguez-Lescure, E Élez
BACKGROUND: Young oncologists are at particular risk of professional burnout, and this could have a significant impact on their health and care of their patients. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has forced rapid changes in professionals' jobs and training, with the consequent physical and psychological effects. We aimed to characterize burnout levels and determinants in young oncologists, and the effects of the pandemic on their training and health. METHODS: Two online surveys were conducted among oncology residents and young oncology specialists in Spain...
July 26, 2021: ESMO Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324997/rescue-of-recombinant-canine-distemper-virus-that-expresses-s1-subunit-of-sars-cov-2-spike-protein-in-vitro
#14
Fuxiao Liu, Jiahui Lin, Qianqian Wang, Hu Shan
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), as an unprecedented pandemic, has rapidly spread around the globe. Its etiological agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), belongs to the genus Betacoronavirus in the family Coronaviridae. The viral S1 subunit has been demonstrated to have a powerful potential in inducing protective immune responses in vivo. Since April 2020, farmed minks were frequently reported to be infected with the SARS-CoV-2 in different countries. Unfortunately, there has been no available veterinary vaccine as yet...
July 26, 2021: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324964/can-covid-19-attack-our-nervous-system
#15
Sara Mohamed Naguib Abdel Hafez
Nowadays, Covid-19 is considered a serious health problem worldwide. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel human coronavirus that has sparked a global pandemic of the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). It is well known that the Corona Virus attacks mainly the respiratory system. Meanwhile, it has been established that coronavirus infection can extend beyond the respiratory system and unfortunately, can also affect our nervous system. Multiple neurological symptoms and signs had been documented during and post covid conditions...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324934/anxiety-and-burnout-in-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-unit-nurses-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sultan Acar Sevinc, Seyhan Metin, Nermin Balta Basi, Ayse Surhan Cinar, Melis Turkel Ozkan, Sibel Oba
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to measure the levels of anxiety and burnout among healthcare workers, including attending physicians, residents, and nurses, in intensive care units during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey analysis of healthcare workers in our institution. Data were collected on demographic variables, COVID-19 symptoms and test, disease status, anxiety level (assessed by the Beck Anxiety Inventory), and burnout level (measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory)...
July 26, 2021: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324882/prevalence-and-transmission-of-sars-cov-2-in-childcare-facilities-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Luise Haag, Judith Blankenburg, Manja Unrath, Johanna Grabietz, Elisabeth Kahre, Lukas Galow, Josephine Schneider, Alexander H Dalpke, Christian Lück, Leo Büttner, Reinhard Berner, Jakob P Armann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of childcare facilities in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, we conducted a longitudinal study to gain further knowledge on SARS-CoV-2 prevalence, transmission and spread among preschool children, their parents and caretakers. STUDY DESIGN: Children between 1 and 6 years of age, their parents and caregivers in 14 childcare facilities in Dresden, Saxony/Germany were invited to participate in the KiTaCoviDD19-study between July 2020 and January 2021...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324881/kawasaki-disease-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases-during-the-coronavirus-disease-2019-pandemic
#18
Ryusuke Ae, Yoshihide Shibata, Koki Kosami, Yosikazu Nakamura, Hiromichi Hamada
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiologic association between Kawasaki disease and common pediatric infectious diseases (PIDs) identified during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic period to confirm whether the infection-triggered theory is a plausible hypothesis for pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiologic study was conducted using datasets obtained from web-based KD surveillance and surveillance of infectious diseases in Japan...
July 26, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324848/sars-cov-2-airborne-transmission-a-validated-sampling-and-analytical-method
#19
Angelo Robotto, Andrea Civra, Paola Quaglino, Denis Polato, Enrico Brizio, David Lembo
The airborne transmission path for SARS-CoV-2 is of primary scientific and health-related interest as it could actually involve management, accessibility, use and functionality of many activities, including hospitals), schools, workplaces, factories, transport, sport venues and outdoor environment. It is necessary to develop a sampling and analytical method for virus-laden bioaerosol that could be considered reliable and validated according to ISO/IEC 17025 requirements. The present paper defines sample pretreatments aiming at recover SARS-CoV-2 from glass-fiber and PTFE filters employed by low and high-volume air samplers...
July 26, 2021: Environmental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34324827/effects-of-moderate-covid-19-infection-on-semen-oxidative-status-and-parameters-14-and-120-days-after-diagnosis
#20
Fatemeh Mohanazadeh Falahieh, Mahsa Zarabadipour, Maryam Mirani, Milad Abdiyan, Marziyeh Dinparvar, Hamideh Alizadeh, Shahrokh Paktinat, Hossein Hosseinirad
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Because COVID-19 is a multisystem infection, there are some concerns regarding its possible effects on male fertility. This study aimed to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on semen oxidative status and parameters 14 and 120 days after diagnosis in patients presenting with moderate infection (defined as respiratory symptoms, with or without fever, with Spo2 <93% and >90% and lung involvement <50%)...
July 30, 2021: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
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