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Cardiology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/32227172/2019-vs-2016-esc-eas-statin-guidelines-for-primary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Børge Grønne Nordestgaard
AIMS : The 2019 vs. 2016 European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) dyslipidaemia guidelines contains new recommendations for primary prevention with statins; however, the potential impact of these changes is unclear. We compared the 2019 and 2016 guidelines regarding statin eligibility and potential impact on prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the general population. METHODS AND RESULTS : We examined 45 750 individuals aged 40-75 from the Copenhagen General Population Study, all free of ASCVD and statin use at baseline...
March 30, 2020: European Heart Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32226791/mechanisms-of-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-is-mitochondrial-dysfunction-the-answer
#2
REVIEW
Alessandra Murabito, Emilio Hirsch, Alessandra Ghigo
Cardiac side effects are a major drawback of anticancer therapies, often requiring the use of low and less effective doses or even discontinuation of the drug. Among all the drugs known to cause severe cardiotoxicity are anthracyclines that, though being the oldest chemotherapeutic drugs, are still a mainstay in the treatment of solid and hematological tumors. The recent expansion of the field of Cardio-Oncology, a branch of cardiology dealing with prevention or treatment of heart complications due to cancer treatment, has greatly improved our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC)...
2020: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32226694/a-comparison-of-four-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-instruments-in-saudi-patients
#3
Manar Hasabullah, Fatamah Kahtani, Tasneem Balkhoyor, Lama Al-Harbi, Abdulhalim J Kinsara
Introduction Several cardiovascular risk calculators are available online to measure the probability of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) without defining the appropriate population. In the current study, four risk assessment instruments were investigated with Saudi Arabian patients with CVD to identify the instrument with the best predictability. The chosen instruments were the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Estimator, and the United Kingdom score which is called QRISK® ...
February 24, 2020: Curēus
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32225113/assessment-of-equity-in-access-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-centres-in-poland
#4
Justyna Rój, Maciej Jankowiak
The purpose of this study is to analyse the disparities in the distribution of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centres in Poland and the impact of eventual inequities on access to the invasive treatment of acute myocardial infarctions (AMI). To examine the distribution of PCI centres against population size and geographic size in Poland, the Gini coefficient calculated based on the Lorenz Curve was engaged. In addition, the regression function was employed to estimate the impact of distribution of PCI centres on access to invasive procedures (coronarographies and primary percutaneous coronary intervention)...
March 26, 2020: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32224256/a-caregiver-an-expert-a-patient-how-complementary-therapies-support-the-roles-of-parents-of-children-with-life-threatening-conditions-in-hospital-settings
#5
Maria Mayan, Tatjana Alvadj, Salima Punja, Hsing Jou, Sarah Wildgen, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand emerging roles of parents of hospitalized children with life threatening conditions and to explore how complementary therapies integrated into conventional pediatric care may shift and/or support these roles. DESIGN: This study is part of a larger research study that examined the introduction of a pediatric integrative medicine service at an acute care children's hospital in Canada. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using one-on-one telephone interviews with a sample of parents of children included in the larger study...
February 29, 2020: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223908/-burden-of-comorbidities-in-heart-failure-patients-hospitalized-at-the-abidjan-heart-institute
#6
K A Adoubi, E Soya, K D Bamba, F Koffi, M P N'Cho-Mottoh, F Diby, A Gnaba, C Konin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work was to appreciate the importance of comorbidities of heart failure individually and globally in patients hospitalized at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of adult heart failure patients hospitalized from January to December 2015, and followed up over 12 months. Co-morbidities were analysed through their prevalence, their relationship with the etiologies, and their impact on the prognosis...
March 26, 2020: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223332/secondary-prevention-through-comprehensive-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-from-knowledge-to-implementation-2020-update-a-position-paper-from-the-secondary-prevention-and-rehabilitation-section-of-the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology
#7
Marco Ambrosetti, Ana Abreu, Ugo Corrà, Constantinos H Davos, Dominique Hansen, Ines Frederix, Marie C Iliou, Roberto Fe Pedretti, Jean-Paul Schmid, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Voller, Mathias Wilhelm, Massimo F Piepoli, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens, Thomas Berger, Alain Cohen-Solal, Veronique Cornelissen, Paul Dendale, Wolfram Doehner, Dan Gaita, Andreas B Gevaert, Hareld Kemps, Nicolle Kraenkel, Jari Laukkanen, Miguel Mendes, Josef Niebauer, Maria Simonenko, Ann-Dorthe Olsen Zwisler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2020: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32223063/italian-society-of-interventional-cardiology-gise-position-paper-for-cath-lab-specific-preparedness-recommendations-for-healthcare-providers-in-case-of-suspected-probable-or-confirmed-cases-of-covid-19
#8
Giuseppe Tarantini, Chiara Fraccaro, Alaide Chieffo, Alfredo Marchese, Fabio Felice Tarantino, Stefano Rigattieri, Ugo Limbruno, Ciro Mauro, Alessio La Manna, Battistina Castiglioni, Matteo Longoni, Sergio Berti, Francesco Greco, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giovanni Esposito
COVID-19 pandemic raised the issue to guarantee the proper level of care to patients with acute cardiovascular diseases and concomitant suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and, in the meantime safety and protection of healthcare providers. The aim of this position paper is to provide standards to healthcare facilities and healthcare providers on infection prevention and control measures during the management of suspected and confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV infection accessing in cath-lab. The document represents the view of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology (GISE), and it is based on recommendations from the main World and European Health Organizations (WHO, and ECDC) as well as from the Italian Society of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care (SIAARTI)...
March 29, 2020: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222713/a-case-of-novel-coronavirus-disease-19-in-a-chronic-hemodialysis-patient-presenting-with-gastroenteritis-and-developing-severe-pulmonary-disease
#9
Antoney J Ferrey, Grace Choi, Ramy M Hanna, Yongen Chang, Ekamol Tantisattamo, Kaushik Ivaturi, Elisa Park, Lawrence Nguyen, Brian Wang, Sam Tonthat, Connie M Rhee, Uttam Reddy, Wei Ling Lau, Susan S Huang, Shruti Gohil, Alpesh N Amin, Lanny Hsieh, Timmy T Cheng, Richard A Lee, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious, rapidly spreading viral disease with an alarming case fatality rate up to 5%. The risk factors for severe presentations are concentrated in patients with chronic kidney disease, particularly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are dialysis dependent. We report the first US case of a 56-year-old nondiabetic male with ESRD secondary to IgA nephropathy undergoing thrice-weekly maintenance hemodialysis for 3 years, who developed COVID-19 infection...
March 28, 2020: American Journal of Nephrology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222588/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-neurocognitive-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Daniel Combs, Jamie O Edgin, Scott Klewer, Brent J Barber, Wayne J Morgan, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Ivo Abraham, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have an increased risk of neurocognitive impairment. No prior studies have evaluated the role of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is associated with neurocognitive impairment in children without CHD. RESEARCH QUESTION: Is OSA is associated with neurocognitive impairment in children with CHD? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Children age 6-17 years with corrected moderate-complex CHD without syndromes that may affect neurocognition were recruited from the pediatric cardiology clinic...
March 25, 2020: Chest
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222443/fractional-flow-reserve-based-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#11
REVIEW
Cristiano Spadaccio, David Glineur, Emanuele Barbato, Antonino Di Franco, Keith G Oldroyd, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Filippo Crea, Stephen E Fremes, Dominick J Angiolillo, Mario Gaudino
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) provides an objective measurement of the severity of ischemia caused by coronary stenoses in downstream myocardial regions. Data from the interventional cardiology realm have suggested benefits of a FFR-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy. Limited evidence is available on the use of FFR to guide coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The most recent data have shown that FFR might simplify CABG procedures and optimize patency of arterial grafts without any clear impact on clinical outcomes...
March 19, 2020: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222326/impacting-child-health-outcomes-in-congenital-heart-disease-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-of-in-clinic-physical-activity-counselling
#12
Olivia Lemire, Jenna Yaraskavitch, Jane Lougheed, Andrew S Mackie, Kambiz Norozi, Patricia E Longmuir
BACKGROUND: Most (>90%) children with congenital health defects are not active enough for optimal health. Proactively promoting physical activity during every clinic visit is recommended, but rarely implemented due to a lack of appropriate resources. METHODS: This cluster randomized controlled trial will implement an evidence-based, multi-faceted physical activity intervention. All eligible patients at small (London, ON), medium (Ottawa, ON) and large (Edmonton, AB) pediatric cardiac clinics will be approached, with randomization to intervention/control by clinic and week...
March 25, 2020: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32222319/aspirin-for-primary-prevention-of-coronary-artery-disease
#13
REVIEW
Aditi Ujjawal, Manasvi Gupta, Raktim K Ghosh, Vardhmaan Jain, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Arman Qamar, Wilbert S Aronow, Prakash Deedwania, Samir Kapadia, Carl J Lavie
Primary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important means to reduce the burden of the disease. Aspirin has been widely prescribed over the last several decades as part of primary CAD prevention strategy. However, 3 recent hallmark trials - ARRIVE, ASCEND and ASPREE have raised serious questions about this common practice. Although, aspirin reduced incidence of non-fatal MI and stroke in these recent studies, bleeding risk was higher. In the present era, where regular exercise, healthy diet, smoking cessation, and statins are used to manage the risk factors of CAD, additional prescription of aspirin seems more harmful than beneficial...
February 14, 2020: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32221824/the-role-of-clinical-pharmacist-trainees-in-medication-reconciliation-process-at-hospital-admission
#14
Qian Guo, Hui Guo, Junli Song, Donghong Yin, Yan Song, Shuyun Wang, Xiaoxia Li, Jinju Duan
Background Medication discrepancies are a common occurrence following hospital admission and carry the potential for causing harm. However, little is known about the prevalence and potential risk factors involved in medication discrepancies in China. Objective To determine the frequency of medication discrepancies and the associated risk factors and evaluate the potential harmsof errors prevented by pharmacist trainees performing medication reconciliation process. Setting A tertiary hospital in Shanxi, China...
March 27, 2020: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32218401/the-oral-health-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-confirmed-by-means-of-coronary-angiography
#15
Katarzyna Stryjewska, Jolanta Pytko-Polonczyk, Skoglund Sagbraaten, Suvi Vilja Suvi Vilja Sagbraaten, Piotr Jozef Stryjewski
AIM: The aim of the study was analyses the relationship between oral health and acute coronary syndrome confirmed by coronary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were recruited from patients who had undergone coronary angiography in the Cardiology Department. The study included 128 patients: 68 in a study group - with acute coronary syndrome (ACS-group) and 60 in a control group - no changes in coronary vessels detected by coronary angiography (H-group)...
February 26, 2020: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32218390/professor-leszek-ceremu%C3%A5-y%C3%A5-ski-1932-2009-a-prominent-figure-in-polish-cardiology
#16
Andrzej Budaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2020: Kardiologia Polska
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32217040/2020-aha-acc-key-data-elements-and-definitions-for-coronary-revascularization-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-data-standards-writing-committee-to-develop-clinical-data-standards-for-coronary-revascularization
#17
Gregory J Dehmer, Vinay Badhwar, Edmund A Bermudez, Joseph C Cleveland, Mauricio G Cohen, Richard S D'Agostino, T Bruce Ferguson, Robert C Hendel, Maria Lizza Isler, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Hani Jneid, Alan S Katz, Thomas M Maddox, David M Shahian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2020: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32216841/predictors-of-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-receiving-contrast-agents-twice-within-30-days
#18
Chong-Huai Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Ya-Ling Han, Quan-Min Jing, Li-Li Ren, Yan Zhang, Jun-Yin Peng, Xin Zhao
BACKGROUND: None of study mentioned about contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in people who have received contrast agents twice within in a short period of time. This study is trying to identify the predictors. METHODS: We enrolled 607 patients between Oct. 2010 and Jul. 2015 who received contrast agents twice within 30 days in the Department of Cardiology of the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region. The primary outcome was CI-AKI within 72 h after contrast agent exposure...
March 26, 2020: Military Medical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32215507/update-of-the-brazilian-guideline-on-nuclear-cardiology-2020
#19
Luiz Eduardo Mastrocola, Barbara Juarez Amorim, João Vicente Vitola, Simone Cristina Soares Brandão, Gabriel Blacher Grossman, Ronaldo de Souza Leão Lima, Rafael Willain Lopes, William Azem Chalela, Lara Cristiane Terra Ferreira Carreira, José Roberto Nolasco de Araújo, Cláudio Tinoco Mesquita, José Claudio Meneghetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2020: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32215483/nuclear-cardiology-in-2020-perspectives-of-the-new-sbc-guideline
#20
EDITORIAL
Cláudio Tinoco Mesquita, Wilter Dos Santos Ker, Jader Cunha de Azevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2020: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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