Matt Williams, Abbie Jordan, Jenny Scott, Matthew Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patient medicines helpline services (PMHS) are available from some National Health Service Trusts in the UK to support patients following their discharge from hospital. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the available evidence regarding the characteristics of enquirers and enquiries to PMHS, in order to develop recommendations for service improvement. METHODS: Searches were conducted using Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus, and Web of Science, on 4 June 2019...
November 2020: European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. Science and Practice
K K Chan, C C Szeto, C C M Lum, P W Ng, A P S Kong, K P Lau, J Y Y Leung, S L Lui, K L Mo, F C K Mok, V C T Mok, B P Y Yan, P K T Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: Hong Kong Medical Journal
Farrell O Mendelsohn, David R Holmes, L Nelson Hopkins
Team-based care has been emphasized as a strategy to improve and optimize outcomes for broad groups of patients who have presented with often complex medical conditions including large vessel cerebral occlusion. Although neurointerventionalists from different specialties perform mechanical embolectomy, which has become the standard of care for large vessel cerebral occlusion, these specialties are limited by relatively low numbers typically concentrated in a small number of sites. In this single center experience, approximately 50 patients with large vessel stroke were transferred out of an emergency room to other centers despite the availability of an experienced cardiologist with extensive carotid experience...
October 22, 2020: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Clementine Labrosciano, Rosanna Tavella, Amy Reynolds, Tracy Air, John F Beltrame, Isuru Ranasinghe, Robert J T Adams
Background: Readmissions within 30 days of discharge are prominent among patients with cardiovascular disease. Post hospital syndrome hypothesizes that sleep disturbance during the index admission contributes to an acquired transient vulnerability, leading to increased risk of readmission. This study evaluated the association of in-hospital sleep (a) duration and (b) quality with 30-day all-cause unplanned readmission. Methods: This prospective observational cohort study included patients admitted to the coronary care unit of a South Australian hospital between 2016-2018...
June 2020: Clocks & Sleep
Vishnu Ashok, Wei Ian Loke
Background: In the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19, respiratory failure has been reported as the main cause of death in those who develop critical illness. A few cases of concurrent myocarditis have been reported, but the extent of cardiac complications with the SARS-CoV-2 strain of coronavirus is still largely unknown. Case summary: A 53-year-old man, suspected to have COVID-19 due to a new-onset cough, shortness of breath, and hypoxia, was referred to Cardiology with sudden symptomatic bradycardia...
October 2020: European Heart Journal. Case Reports
Quentin Fischer, Arthur Darmon, Grégory Ducrocq, Laurent Feldman
Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease appeared in China in December 2019 and, since then, has spread worldwide at a rapid pace. Case summary: A patient with COVID-19 was hospitalized in our institution for a diabetic foot ulcer and presented afterwards a pulmonary oedema and concomitant anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We report here on the initial presentation, coronary care and intervention, and clinical course of this patient...
October 2020: European Heart Journal. Case Reports
Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Timothy C Tan, Eleanor M Hitchen, Mohana Kunasekaran, Chandini Raina MacIntyre
Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the association of influenza infection and vaccination with extent of cardiac damage during acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) as measured by serum biomarkers and left ventricular ejection function (LVEF) in patients. Methods: Post-hoc analysis was performed on data from a prospective case-control study of influenza and AMI, conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Sydney, Australia. We included 275 cases of AMI, aged ≥ 40 years admitted to the cardiology during the study period...
December 2020: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Athiththan Yogeswaran, Manuel J Richter, Natascha Sommer, Hossein A Ghofrani, Werner Seeger, Khodr Tello, Henning Gall
In 301 treatment-naïve patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension stratified by the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society risk score, further stratification of intermediate-risk patients based on six-minute walk distance and the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/systolic pulmonary artery pressure ratio identified a subset with mortality rates comparable to low-risk patients.
October 2020: Pulmonary Circulation
Michal Buk, Fabian Rengier, Theresa Mokry, Johannes Riffel, Evangelos Giannitsis, Lars Kihm, Hana Malikova, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Oyunbileg von Stackelberg, Tim Frederik Weber
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessment of appropriateness of CT pulmonary angiograms (CTPA) in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is based on risk stratification algorithms such as simplified the Geneva Score (sGS) in combination with D-dimer blood tests. The aim of this study was to validate the diagnostic yield and appropriateness of CTPA examinations in accordance with 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 155 outpatients who underwent CTPA for clinical suspicion of PE were gathered from the radiology information system (RIS) and the clinical information system (CIS)...
October 22, 2020: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Gordana Žauhar, Branka Dresto-Alač
The increase in the number of radiological procedures observed in recent years also means greater exposure to ionizing radiation for the medical staff performing these procedures. This is most pronounced in the teams that perform interventional and invasive radiological procedures. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of increasing numbers of radiological procedures on the effective dose received by medical staff and to determine which professions received the highest exposure to ionizing radiation...
October 20, 2020: Health Physics
Juliet Nabbaale, Emmy Okello, Davis Kibirige, Isaac Ssekitoleko, Joseph Isanga, Patience Karungi, Elias Sebatta, Zhang Wan Zhu, Annettee Nakimuli, John Omagino, James Kayima
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an idiopathic cardiomyopathy presenting with acute heart failure during the peripartum period. It is common in patients of African ancestry. Currently, there is paucity of data on the burden, predictors and outcomes of PPCM in Uganda. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, predictors and six-month outcomes of PPCM in an adult cohort attending a tertiary specialised cardiology centre in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: This study consecutively enrolled 236 women presenting with features of acute heart failure in the peripartum period...
2020: PloS One
Ahmad M Al-Taee, Elie Ghoulam, Preston Lee, Mitchell Edwards, Kahee A Mohammed, Christine Y Hachem
INTRODUCTION: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) develops in approximately 25% of chronic users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The incidence of uncomplicated PUD has been declining over the past 3 decades unlike that of complicated PUD in the elderly. An expert consensus document published jointly in 2008 by the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG), the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), and the American Heart Association (AHA) provided recommendations on prevention of PUD among users of antiplatelets and anticoagulants...
October 21, 2020: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2020: JAMA Cardiology
L Gazzola, G Tagliaferri, A De Bona, D Mondatore, C Borsino, T Bini, G Marchetti, A d'Arminio Monforte
OBJECTIVES: Switching from tenofovir (TDF) to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) affects lipid profile. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this results in an increased frequency of patients with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) above their cardiovascular-related target. METHODS: All HIV patients switching from TDF to TAF, with no changes of the anchor drug, and with plasma lipids available within 6 months before and after the switch, were included. Demographic, HIV-related parameters, cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and lipid profile on both TDF and TAF were collected...
October 21, 2020: HIV Medicine
Sheila Ramjug, Jason Weatherald, Sandeep Sahay, Johad Khoury, Vasile Foris, Nagaraj Chandran, Aleksandar Bokan, Laurent Godinas, Marion Delcroix
The 2019 European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress, held in Madrid, Spain, had exciting sessions regarding the field of pulmonary vascular disease. The symposia related to the new ERS/European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism were well received, as were sessions on pulmonary hypertension related to lung disease, demonstrating the concept of pulmonary hypertension not being the rarity that it was previously thought to be. The use of risk stratification in relation to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was heavily featured and the scientific sessions informing the respiratory community of potential biomarkers and targets for future therapies were thought-provoking...
October 2020: ERJ Open Research
Hao Phan Thai, Bao Hoang Bui, Tien Hoang Anh, Minh Huynh Van
Background: The presence of acute kidney injury in the setting of acute heart failure (AHF) or acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a very common occurrence and was termed cardiorenal syndrome 1 (CRS1). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in the blood and urine is one of the earliest biomarkers of acute kidney injury due to ischemia or renal toxicity. This study was aimed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of plasma NGAL in the diagnosis of CRS1. Methods: There were 139 patients with AHF or ADHF in the department of Cardiovascular Resuscitation and Interventional Cardiology at Ho Chi Minh City 115 People Hospital from September 2018 to March 2019...
2020: Cardiology Research and Practice
Daniel Mcintyre, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara Chow
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) frequently attend outpatient clinics and spend a significant amount of time in waiting rooms. Currently, this time is poorly used. This study aims to investigate whether providing CVD and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education to waiting patients in a cardiology clinic of a large referral hospital improves motivation to change health behaviours, CPR knowledge, behaviours and clinic satisfaction post clinic, and whether there is any impact on reported CVD lifestyle behaviours or relevant CPR outcomes at 30 days...
October 20, 2020: BMJ Open
Diana-Leh-Ching Ng, Natasya Marliana Bt Abdul Malik, Chee-Shee Chai, Greta-Miranda-Kim-Choo Goh, Seng-Beng Tan, Ping-Chong Bee, Gin-Gin Gan, Asri B Said
BACKGROUND: The use of warfarin in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) can be challenging. In this study, we evaluate the time in therapeutic range (TTR), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment satisfaction of patients on long-term warfarin for NVAF. The HRQoL and treatment satisfaction were compared based on the TTR. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients on warfarin for NVAF who attended the anticoagulant clinic of a tertiary cardiology referral center in Sarawak from 1st June 2018 to 31st May 2019...
October 20, 2020: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Hongwu Chen, Xiaofan Yu, Xiangyong Kong, Longwei Li, Jiawei Wu, Likun Ma
BACKGROUND: To investigate the predictive value of the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score for cardiac death in patients aged ≥75 years diagnosed with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) at 1 month and 1 year after emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 360 patients with STEMI undergoing emergency PCI in the Department of Cardiology of Anhui Provincial Hospital from January 2013 to April 2018 were consecutively recruited...
October 20, 2020: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Natalia P Mishchenko, Elena A Vasileva, Andrey V Gerasimenko, Valeriya P Grigorchuk, Pavel S Dmitrenok, Sergey A Fedoreyev
Echinochrome A (Ech A, 1 ) is one of the main pigments of several sea urchin species and is registered in the Russian pharmacopeia as an active drug substance (Histochrome® ), used in the fields of cardiology and ophthalmology. In this study, Ech A degradation products formed during oxidation by O2 in air-equilibrated aqueous solutions were identified, isolated, and structurally characterized. An HPLC method coupled with diode-array detection (DAD) and mass spectrometry (MS) was developed and validated to monitor the Ech A degradation process and identify the appearing compounds...
October 18, 2020: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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