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Monica H Stamp, Ora K Gordon, Christopher P Childers, Kimberly K Childers
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of literature describing the geographic and sociodemographic distribution of cancer genetic testing, work focused on these domains in cancer genetic counseling is limited. Research describing the epidemiology of cancer genetic counseling has mainly focused on isolated populations, a single gender (women) and a single condition (hereditary breast and ovarian cancer). Study findings to date are contradictory, making it unclear what, if any, disparities in receipt of cancer genetic counseling exist...
February 7, 2019: Cancer Medicine
Brian A Couch, Christian D Wright, Scott Freeman, Jennifer K Knight, Katharine Semsar, Michelle K Smith, Mindi M Summers, Yi Zheng, Alison J Crowe, Sara E Brownell
The Vision and Change report provides a nationally agreed upon framework of core concepts that undergraduate biology students should master by graduation. While identifying these concepts was an important first step, departments also need ways to measure the extent to which students understand these concepts. Here, we present the General Biology-Measuring Achievement and Progression in Science (GenBio-MAPS) assessment as a tool to measure student understanding of the core concepts at key time points in a biology degree program...
March 2019: CBE Life Sciences Education
Gregory Cabanas, Mary Barna Bridgeman, Evelyn R Hermes-DeSantis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy residency training standards require development of medical writing skills. These skills are fundamental to pharmacy clinicians and scholars alike. Despite this requirement, new practitioners and seasoned clinicians frequently struggle with scholarly development and manuscript generation for a variety of reasons, ranging from lack of experience or familiarity with the process of peer-review submission to time constraints. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: We describe a process for fostering pharmacy resident scholarship and publication utilized at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, including the stages of the project development process and corresponding responsibilities during each phase of the manuscript submission process...
December 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Jeffrey LaRochelle, Steven J Durning, William Gilliland, Jamie Henry, Martin Ottolini, Brian Reamy, Joan Ritter, Kevin A Dorrance
To improve health care, the USA needs to create a longitudinal medical education system that will develop physicians able to lead the transformation of health care toward a focus on the promotion of healthy behaviors aimed at preventing disease. The development of patient-centered care has been an important step in promoting healthy behaviors. However, to truly develop a meaningful relationship with a patient, a physician must first see them as a person, not as a list of diseases. Medical education should develop physicians able to provide person-centered care - moving beyond patient-centered care to focus more broadly on the entirety of the person, for whom being a patient is merely one aspect of their personhood...
November 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Mark Wareing, Renate Taylor, Aileen Wilson, Adrienne Sharples
Quality clinical placements for pre-registration nursing students are particularly important at a time when there is a recruitment crisis within nursing. A study was conducted to identify what impact clinical placements have on pre-registration adult nursing students' choice of clinical specialty as a newly qualified nurse (NQN). Data were collected from students on their final day of a BSc (Hons) programme at two campus sites at a university in the east of England. Participants judged the desirability of a clinical placement on the basis of the quality of the learning, working and clinical environment and the nature of the specialty...
November 8, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Sarah S M Townsend, Nicole M Stephens, Stephanie Smallets, MarYam G Hamedani
A growing body of work suggests that teaching college students a contextual understanding of difference-that students' different experiences in college are the result of participating in different contexts before college-can improve the academic performance of first-generation students (i.e., students whose parents do not have 4-year college degrees). However, only one empirical study, using an in-person panel format, has demonstrated the benefits of this intervention approach. In the present research, we conduct two studies to test the effectiveness of a new difference-education intervention administered online to individual students...
November 8, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Wameq A Raza, Ellen Van de Poel, Tom Van Ourti
Targeting the Ultra-poor (TUP) is an integrated programme that combines the transfer of income-generating assets and multifaceted training on entrepreneurship, health-nutrition, and social awareness over a two-year period to graduate ultra-poor with mainstream poverty. While positive socioeconomic effects and spill-over effects are well-documented, this is the first paper to evaluate the effects of the programme on nutritional outcomes of under-5 children using data from a randomized control trial over a four-year period...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
Goonaseelan Pillai, Kelly Chibale, Edwin C Constable, Akiko N Keller, Marcelo M Gutierrez, Fareed Mirza, Christian Sengstag, Collen Masimirembwa, Paolo Denti, Gary Maartens, Michèle Ramsay, Bernhards Ogutu, Eyasu Makonnen, Richard Gordon, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Fernando Alberto Goldbaum, Wim M S Degrave, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Hedwig J Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Scientific and professional development opportunities for early career scientists in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) are limited and not consistent. There is a disproportionately low number of biomedical and clinical researchers in LMIC's relative to their high burden of disease, a disparity that is aggravated by emigration of up to 70% of scientists from their countries of birth for education and employment elsewhere. To help address this need, a novel University-accredited, immersive fellowship program was established by a large public-academic-private network...
October 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Paolo Roma, Maria C Verrocchio, Cristina Mazza, Daniela Marchetti, Franco Burla, Maria E Cinti, Stefano Ferracuti
Background and Purpose: Research on the relationship between response latency (RL) and faking in self-administered testing scenarios have generated contradictory findings. We explored this relationship further, aiming to add further insight into the reliability of self-report measures. We compared RLs and T-scores on the MMPI-2-RF (validity and restructured clinical [RC] scales) in four experimental groups. Our hypotheses were that: the Fake-Good Speeded group would obtain a different completion time; show higher RLs than the Honesty Speeded Group in the validity scales; show higher T-Scores in the L-r and K-r scales and lower T-scores in the F-r and RC scales; and show higher levels of tension and fatigue...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Phillip E Funk, Patrick Knott, Lindsey Burdick, Michael Roberts
Education in the health professions occurs at the graduate level, increasing the barriers to underrepresented and first-generation students. Some programs attempt to alleviate these barriers by streamlining passage from the undergraduate campus to the medical campus within a university or by accelerating entry to the professions by bypassing the bachelor's degree. These solutions each have their own limitations for students, including added pressure to maintain grades and a limited ability to explore multiple professions...
September 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Nikki T Sawyer, Kristen E Frenzel
Epilepsy and seizure generation are at the center of this case study narrative. By exploring the nature of genetic mutations in voltage-gated sodium channels students will solidify fundamental concepts involving action potential generation and roles for excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the central nervous system. Students will wrestle with primary data, developing analytical and quantitative skills, and generate evidence-based hypotheses and predictions. As written here, the case is used in an upper-level undergraduate course, but because the case focuses on basic fundamental neuroscience concepts, the narrative could be easily adapted for uses in introductory neuroscience courses or potentially first-year graduate courses...
2018: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Shiroh Miura, Kengo Kosaka, Ryuta Fujioka, Yusuke Uchiyama, Tomofumi Shimojo, Takuya Morikawa, Azusa Irie, Takayuki Taniwaki, Hiroki Shibata
Spinocerebellar ataxia 27 (SCA27) is an autosomal dominant SCA caused by variants in the fibroblast growth factor 14 (FGF14) gene. We examined a Japanese SCA patient whose deceased father also suffered from SCA. The patient was a 63-year-old male. He graduated from junior high school but received no further education. The predominant complaint was slowly progressive dysarthria and gait disturbance, which appeared at age 47. He showed pathological saccadic dysmetria, saccadic intrusions into smooth pursuit eye movements, dysarthria, and limb and truncal ataxia...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Granville E Wrensford, Kerry-Ann Stewart, Marja M Hurley
The Department of Health Career Opportunity Programs at UConn Health has developed the Aetna Health Professions Partnership Initiative (Aetna HPPI), a formal education consortium offering a comprehensive program of educational enrichment and support activities for underrepresented and first-generation students. The purpose is to identify and develop a diverse applicant pool of students who will eventually enter a health professions career with a focus on medicine and dental medicine. Activities are conducted for students in middle school through college...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Godfred O Boateng, Torsten B Neilands, Edward A Frongillo, Hugo R Melgar-Quiñonez, Sera L Young
Scale development and validation are critical to much of the work in the health, social, and behavioral sciences. However, the constellation of techniques required for scale development and evaluation can be onerous, jargon-filled, unfamiliar, and resource-intensive. Further, it is often not a part of graduate training. Therefore, our goal was to concisely review the process of scale development in as straightforward a manner as possible, both to facilitate the development of new, valid, and reliable scales, and to help improve existing ones...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Erik Ingelsson, Mark I McCarthy
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and obesity already represent 2 of the most prominent risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and are destined to increase in importance given the global changes in lifestyle. Ten years have passed since the first round of genome-wide association studies for T2D and obesity. During this decade, we have witnessed remarkable developments in human genetics. We have graduated from the despair of candidate gene-based studies that generated few consistently replicated genotype-phenotype associations, to the excitement of an exponential harvest of loci robustly associated with medical outcomes through ever larger genome-wide association study meta-analyses...
June 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
Cindy Lee
This is a personal account of some of the people and factors that were important in my career in chemical oceanography. I also discuss two areas of oceanographic research and training that I think need more attention. The first is how the difficulty in getting appropriate samples hampers our ability to fully understand biogeochemical processes in the sea. I have worked on dissolved materials, suspended and sinking particles, and sediments in lakes, oceans, rivers, and aerosols. Sample collection problems affect all those areas, although to different degrees...
May 31, 2018: Annual Review of Marine Science
Lamia Yusuf, Amina Ahmed, Raheela Yasmin
Background and objective: Workplace based assessment has a strong educational impact in terms of student's clinical performance by steering their learning towards the desired learning outcomes. Educational impact is hardly measured in the sphere of medical education and this study is an attempt to measure educational impact of post graduate residents. The aim of this study was "To explore educational impact of Minicex (Mini-clinical evaluation exercise) on residents with respect to their learning"...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Shahin Akhondzadeh, Asghar Ebadifar, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Katayoun Falahat
BACKGROUND: During the last 3 decades, Iran has experienced a rapid population growth and at the same time the health of Iranian people has improved greatly. This achievement was mainly due to training and availability of health manpower, well organized public health network and medical science and research improvement. In this article, we aimed to report the relevant data about the medical science and research situation in Iran and compare them with other countries. METHODS: In this study, after reviewing science development and research indicators in medical sciences with participation of key stakeholders, we selected 3 main hybrid indexes consisting of "Research and Development (R&D) expenditures," "Personnel in Science and Technology sector" and "knowledge generation" for evaluation of medical science and research situation...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
J Benjamin Jackson, Scott Vincent, James Davies, Kevin Phelps, Chris Cornett, Greg Grabowski, Brian Scannell, Alan Stotts, Miranda Bice
Background : Funding for graduate medical education is at risk despite the services provided by residents. Objective : We quantified the potential monetary value of services provided by on-call orthopedic surgery residents. Methods : We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study design. Over a 90-day period in 2014, we collected data on consults by on-call orthopedic surgery residents at 4 tertiary academic medical centers in the United States...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Timothy H Wideman, Jordan Miller, Geoff Bostick, Aliki Thomas, André Bussières
Purpose: This article reports on a national stakeholder workshop that focused on advancing pain education in physiotherapy programmes across Canada. Methods: Workshop participants included national leaders from the following stakeholder groups: people living with pain; physiotherapy students and recent graduates; pain educators; physiotherapy programme administrators; and representatives from the Canadian Alliance of Physiotherapy Regulators, Physiotherapy Education Accreditation Canada, Canadian Physiotherapy Association, and Physiotherapy Practice Profile project...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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