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hip sonography

N M Jandl, T Schmidt, M Schulz, W Rüther, M H F Stuecker
Purpose: The containment orientated treatment of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) affected hip joints is broadly accepted in the literature. The prerequisite is early recognition of loss of containment. An often-used quantitative MRI containment parameter is the cartilaginous acetabulum-head-index (CAHI). Based on ultrasound (US), we analyzed the newly created 'femoral head extrusion angle' (HA) as a containment parameter in comparison with the CAHI in severe LCPD. Methods: In a prospective study with 40 children (mean age 5...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Junyou Wang, Bo Shao, Da Lin, Xijun He, Yongqiang Zhang, Li Zhang, Tian Jiang, Jinzhong Xu, Youxin Wang, Jing Wu, Yong Zhou, Junzheng Chen, Lingfang Teng
The cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics are closely related to the risk of stroke. Extracranial carotid artery stenosis (ECAS) represents an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. The present study aims to explore the longitudinal effect of the baseline CVH metrics on the development of ECAS. Totally 5,440 participants were randomly enrolled in the Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community study from 2010 to 2011. Information regarding the seven CVH metrics was collected at baseline. ECAS was assessed by performing carotid duplex sonography at baseline (2010-2011) and during the follow-up (2012-2013)...
August 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fatma Dilek Gokharman, Sonay Aydin, Erdem Fatihoglu, Elif Ergun, Pinar Nercis Kosar
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is still a common and important disorder of childhood, with a prevalence of 0.1 to 2/1000 children. Using ultrasonography (US) in screening of DDH reduces the rates of open reductions and complications. In the current study, we aim to detect the optimal time for US examination for detecting DDH to prevent unnecessary repeating US examinations and treatments. METHODS: Children referred to US examination for a healthy child screening program, according to the health policy of our country, are included in the current prospective study...
March 5, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Amir R Vafaee, Taghi Baghdadi, Azarakhsh Baghdadi, Reza Khalili Jamnani
Background: Although the developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is well known to pediatric orthopedists, its etiology has still remained unknown and despite dedication of a vast majority of research, the results are still inadequate and confusing. The exact incidence of DDH and its relationship with known risk factors in Iran is still unknown. Here we represent the results of one year study on the incidence and related conditions of DDH. Methods: Sonography was performed on the hip joints of 1073 full term healthy newborns at Imam Khomeini Hospital from March 2013 to March 2014...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Orlando Catalano, Fernando Alfageme Roldán, Maria Scotto di Santolo, Francesco Maria Solivetti, Ximena Wortsman
We illustrate the color Doppler sonographic findings in primary cutaneous Merkel cell carcinoma. Eight cases (4 female and 4 male; mean age, 75.4 years) were collected. The most common affected regions were the face (63%) and the hip/buttock (25%). The mean transverse diameter and thickness were 21 and 14 mm, respectively. Fifty percent were oval, and 50% were dome shaped. All lesions were hypoechoic, with variable degrees of heterogeneity. All but 2 lesions were poorly defined. An acoustic reinforcement artifact was present in 3 and epidermal thickening in 2...
January 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Reinhard Graf
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the commonest 'congenital' disease of the locomotor system throughout the world. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Bone & Joint Decade (2000-2010) 10%-15% of patients who are under the age of 50 when they require a hip replacement do so because of infant hip dysplasia.The background; technique and common mistakes; results; debate and politics; and the challenges of infant hip sonography are reviewed.
May 12, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Raul Loya, Kimberly Beavers, Kurt Scherer
Secondary tumoral calcinosis (STC) refers to periarticular calcified masses associated with an identifiable condition. The most common of these identifiable conditions is a chronic renal failure. We present a unique case in which massive periarticular masses in a patient with calcinosis of chronic renal failure (CCRF) are demonstrated in the shoulder and hip on sonography, radiography and computed tomography (CT).
March 24, 2017: Curēus
Jinyoung Park, Duk Hyun Sung
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is almost an exclusive disease of adults over the age of 50, and only a few cases have been reported. Two 46-year-old females visited our locomotor pain clinic with multiple joint pain with increased acute phase reactants. Rheumatologic markers, and HLA-B27 were checked. Serum protein electrophoresis and serum immunofixation electrophoresis, imaging studies including plane image, sonography, and magnetic resonance image was done. 18 F-Fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) showed characteristic findings of PMR, without evidences of sacroiliitis...
June 2017: Skeletal Radiology
R Graf, G Fronhöfer
As a result of the improvement in the resolution of diagnostic sonography equipment it is possible to depict sonographic echoes of structures in the area of the preformed cartilage acetabular roof, especially in the region of the proximal perichondrium, perichondrial gap and the joint capsule that up to now have not been anatomically identified. Therefore, the question arises as to which anatomical structures these newly observed sonographic echoes can be classed with. Hip-joint NMR images of corpses were made and compared to anatomical specimen, anatomical sections and sonograms of high-resolution ultrasound equipment...
December 1997: Der Orthopäde
R Graf
The knowledge of embryology and early development of the hip joint (and especially the "Anlage" of the acetabular labrum) is necessary to correctly understand further growth disturbances and developmental dysplasias and dislocations of the hip joint. "Teratologic" luxations - based on damages of the fetal "Anlage"- should be distinguished from "developing deformations" of originally normal-shaped hip joints. By using modern imaging techniques, especially sonography and MRI, the morphologic relationships of the acetabular labrum in centered and decentered hip joints could be clarified...
November 1998: Der Orthopäde
A Crow, A Cheung, A Lam, E Ho
Hip pain is a common paediatric presentation and is potentially serious. While hip pain can be attributed to primary hip pathology, the hip area is also a common site for referred pain. This often poses a diagnostic challenge particularly in the young child who may not verbalise the point of pain and may not report an injury. Differential diagnoses for paediatric hip joint pain range from fracture, transient synovitis, septic arthritis with or without osteomyelitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA, previously juvenile rheumatoid arthritis JRA), Legg-Calve-Perthes' disease (LCP), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) to haemarthrosis in patient with a clotting disorder...
August 2010: Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Seyed Ali Alamdaran, Sahar Kazemi, Ali Parsa, Mohammad Hallaj Moghadam, Ali Feyzi, Reza Mardani
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) is a common childhood disorder, and ultrasonography examination is routinely used for screening purposes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate a modified combined static and dynamic ultrasound technique for the detection of DDH and to compare with the results of static and dynamic ultrasound techniques. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, during 2013- 2015, 300 high-risk infants were evaluated by ultrasound for DDH...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Stephen C Haskins, Natasha A Desai, Kara G Fields, Jemiel A Nejim, Stephanie Cheng, Struan H Coleman, Danyal H Nawabi, Bryan T Kelly
BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal fluid extravasation (IAFE) after hip arthroscopy has historically been diagnosed in catastrophic circumstances with abdominal compartment syndrome requiring diuresis or surgical decompression. A previous retrospective study found the prevalence of symptomatic IAFE requiring diuresis or decompression to be 0.16%, with risk factors including surgical procedure and high pump pressures. IAFE can be diagnosed rapidly by using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) via the Focused Assessment With Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination, which is a well-established means to detect free fluid with high specificity and sensitivity...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Woo-Lam Jo, Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha, Kyung-Min Lee, Bun-Jung Kang, Kyung-Hoi Koo
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression (IPC) device has been used to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study investigated the effectiveness of IPC device. We evaluated incidences of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients after use of IPC device, and compared with historical incidences from our institution. We applied IPC device in 741 patients who underwent 870 elective primary THAs from January 2010 to December 2013, DVT was detected in 3 patients (0...
August 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Thomas Huet, Sébastien Ottaviani, Baptiste Coustet, Philippe Dieudé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
T Rosteius, E M Suero, D Grasmücke, M Aach, A Gisevius, M Ohlmeier, R Meindl, T A Schildhauer, M Citak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of sonography in detecting heterotopic ossification (HO) following spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Department of Spinal Cord Injury and Department of General and Trauma Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil Bochum, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2013, 217 patients with HO of the hips met the inclusion criteria and were included in the final analyses...
January 2017: Spinal Cord
Pin-Nan Cheng, Yen-Cheng Chiu, Hung-Chih Chiu, Shih-Chieh Chien
The application of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE) in general population remains to clarify. This cohort study aimed to examine the usefulness of TE and to identify factors associated with significant liver fibrosis in community-based population.We conducted a hepatitis screening program in 2 remote villages of Southern Taiwan. All residents participated voluntarily and received questionnaire evaluation, blood tests, abdominal sonography, and LSM by TE. Residents with any one of following criteria including hepatitis B virus infection, hepatitis C virus infection, more than moderate alcohol drinking, and failure to obtain valid or reliable LSM were excluded...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Piotr Luchowski, Joanna Wojczal, Kinga Buraczynska, Michal Kozlowicz, Janusz Stazka, Konrad Rejdak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of stenosis within intracranial and extracranial arteries in patients before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), to evaluate the influence of intracranial artery stenosis on neurological outcome and to identify preoperative risk factors for these patients. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients (71% males, mean age=66.1) scheduled for CABG were enrolled for extracranial Doppler duplex sonography, transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) examination...
2015: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Connie Y Chang, Jeffrey Kreher, Martin Torriani
We report on the dynamic sonographic findings of a 10-year-old avid female dancer who presented with symptoms of abrupt left hip motion and associated painful snapping sensation while performing lateral motions of the pelvis suggesting external snapping hip syndrome. Dynamic sonographic evaluation of both hips demonstrated that symptoms were due to gluteus maximus subluxation over the greater trochanter. This etiology of external snapping hip syndrome is rare with limited imaging descriptions in the literature...
March 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Ruxandra-Iulia Milos, Thomas Moritz, Maria Bernathova, Gabriele Amann, Joannis Panotopoulos, Iris-Melanie Noebauer-Huhmann, Gerd Bodner
OBJECTIVES: To describe the imaging characteristics of superficial desmoid tumors using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and high-resolution sonography (HRUS). METHODS: We retrospectively examined 18 patients (12 females and 6 males) with histologically proven superficial desmoids. Fourteen patients received MRI examinations, while 12 patients were examined with HRUS. The lesions were assessed with regard to location, muscular fascia involvement, and spread into the subcutaneous fatty tissue septa, adjacent muscle, and bone...
November 2015: European Journal of Radiology
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