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Maples, A.

Riaz Uddin, Nicola W Burton, Myfanwy Maple, Shanchita R Khan, Asaduzzaman Khan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major global health challenge and a leading cause of death among adolescents, but research related to suicide has concentrated on high-income countries. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempts in adolescents from 59 low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: In this population-based study, we used data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey of schoolchildren aged 13-17 years between 2003 and 2015, in 59 low-income and middle-income countries across six WHO regions...
April 2019: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Songlin Yang, Wai Hei Tse, Jin Zhang
A suitable surface is vital for maintaining or even promoting cells' function and communication. Recently, studies show that nanostructured coatings could have a potential in improving cell adhesion. However, it hardly minimizes the contamination by using traditional solution-coating technology. Matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) technique is a contamination-free process and demonstrates an efficient process to deposit biopolymer without damaging their backbone on the surface of various substrates...
March 15, 2019: Nanoscale Research Letters
Tetsushi Yamamoto, Tomoyo Nishita, Atsushi Taga
Maple syrup is a natural sweetener that is consumed worldwide. It has been previously reported that dark-colored maple syrup exerts an inhibitory effect on colorectal cancer (CRC) proliferation and invasion. In the present study, the underlying mechanism of CRC cell growth inhibition was examined with dark-colored maple syrup treatment using a shotgun liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based global proteomic approach. Applying a semi-quantitative method based on spectral counting, 388 proteins were identified with expression changes of >1...
March 2019: Oncology Letters
Tatiane Cristina Hauschild, Gilian Guerreiro, Caroline Paula Mescka, Daniella Moura Coelho, Luiza Steffens, Dinara Jaqueline Moura, Vanusa Manfredini, Carmen Regla Vargas
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited deficiency of the branched-chain α-keto dehydrogenase complex, characterized by accumulation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and their respective branched chain α-keto-acids (BCKAs), as well as by the presence of alloisoleucine (Allo). Studies have shown that oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of MSUD. In this work, we investigated using the comet assay whether Allo, BCAAs and BCKAs could induce in vitro DNA damage, as well as the influence of l-Carnitine (L-Car) upon DNA damage...
March 7, 2019: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Hossein Mohammad-Beigi, Lars Kjaer, Hoda Eskandari, Farhang Aliakbari, Gunna Christiansen, Gianluca Ruvo, Jane L Ward, Daniel Erik Otzen
The ability of proteins to aggregate to form well-organized β-sheet rich amyloid fibrils is increasingly viewed as a general if regrettable property of the polypeptide chain. Aggregation leads to diseases such as amyloidosis and neurodegeneration in humans and various mammalian species but is also found in a functional variety in both animals and microbes. However, there are to our knowledge no reports of amyloid formation in plants. Plants are also the source of a large number of aggregation-inhibiting compounds...
2019: Frontiers in Plant Science
Bedour Handoom, Eman Megdad, Dana Al-Qasabi, Munirah Al Mesned, Reem Hawary, Samir Al-Nufiee, Zuhair Al-Hassnan, Moeenaldeen Dia Alsayed, Abdelmoneim Eldali
Background: In Saudi Arabia, a diet for life policy has been adopted in the management of amino acid metabolism disorders for years. However, the specially designed low protein products/medical foods - which are one of the important treatment tools - were not available up until several years ago in Saudi Arabia (SA). Our aim was to measure the compliance and quality of life in patients affected with these disorders followed in the metabolic nutrition clinic at King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre (KFSH&RC), Riyadh, SA...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
Kenji Kuriya, Masahiro Nishio, Shohei Wada, Hirotaka Katsuzaki, Masayuki Nishise, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Hayato Umekawa
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that causes bone weakness and fragility. Consuming bone-beneficial nutrients through diet can prevent and treat osteoporosis. Acer palmatum (Japanese maple) leaves are used to make tea, but there have been few reports of their health benefits, especially regarding bone homeostasis. In this study, we evaluated the effects of A. palmatum hot water extract (APE) on osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis in cultured cells. APE suppressed the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated osteoclasts in RANKL induced RAW264...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Medicinal Food
Anna Gazda, Piotr Kościelniak, Mylène Hardy, Elżbieta Muter, Kamil Kędra, Jan Bodziarczyk, Magdalena Frączek, Kazimierz Chwistek, Wojciech Różański, Jerzy Szwagrzyk
We analysed the distribution of trees along the elevation gradient in two national parks located in the Western Carpathians (49°30'-49°37' N; 19°28'-20°15' E), dominated by natural forest stands to answer two questions: do immature trees occur at higher elevations compared to mature ones? Has the upper limit of the distribution of the seedlings increased during the period under study, and were the changes proportional to the increase in the mean annual temperature in that period? Data used in our study had been collected in permanent sample plots, distributed regularly over the entire forest area in two national parks...
February 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Alexs Matias, Monique Dudar, Josip Kauzlaric, Kimberly A Frederick, Shannon Fitzpatrick, Stephen J Ives
Dehydration impairs physiological function and physical performance, thus understanding effective rehydration strategies is paramount. Despite growing interest in natural rehydrating beverages, no study has examined maple water (MW). PURPOSE: To investigate the rehydrating efficacy of MW after exercise-induced dehydration. METHODS: Using a single-blind, counterbalanced, crossover design, we compared the rehydrating efficacy of MW vs. maple-flavored bottled water (control) in 26 young healthy (22 ± 4 yrs...
February 11, 2019: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Samuel Royer-Tardif, Joann Whalen, David Rivest
Alkaline residuals, such as wood ash and lime mud generated from pulp and paper mills, could be recycled as liming agents in sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) forests affected by soil acidification. The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate soil chemistry, in particular soil acidity, after the application of three alkaline residuals from the pulp and paper industry, and (2) to determine if these alkaline residuals altered soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a result of the change in soil pH or due to their chemical composition...
January 26, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Uta Herden, Enke Grabhorn, René Santer, Jun Li, Silvio Nadalin, Xavier Rogiers, Marcus N Scherer, Felix Braun, Jan Beime, Henning Lenhartz, Ania C Muntau, Lutz Fischer
Liver transplantation (LT) has been shown to be a feasible treatment in patients with severe forms of maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). Due to a sufficient extrahepatic enzyme activity in non-MSUD individuals, the organ of MSUD patients can be used as domino graft. We performed a retrospective data collection of all LTs for MSUD carried out at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (2016-2018). Moreover, data from all consecutive domino LT of the MSUD grafts either transplanted at our institution or allocated to other transplant centers were analyzed...
February 3, 2019: Liver Transplantation
Stephanie A Snyder, Michael A Kilgore, Marla R Emery, Marissa Schmitz
Maple syrup is an important non-timber forest product derived from the sap of the sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marshall). However, maple syrup producers are facing a diversity of challenges, including: potential range shifts in the maple resource; increasing variability in the timing, duration and yield of sap flow and syrup operations; invasive species, pests and diseases; and intergenerational land and business transfer challenges. Members of Maple Syrup Producer Associations in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan were surveyed to learn about their operations, adaptation strategies, concerns, and information needs...
January 28, 2019: Environmental Management
Louise J Maple-Brown, Greta Lindenmayer, Federica Barzi, Cherie Whitbread, Christine Connors, Elizabeth Moore, Jaqueline Boyle, Marie Kirkwood, I-Lynn Lee, Danielle Longmore, Paula Van Dokkum, Mary Wicks, Michelle Dowden, Chrissie Inglis, Margaret Cotter, Renae Kirkham, Sumaria Corpus, Sridhar Chitturi, Sujatha Thomas, Kerin O'dea, Paul Zimmet, Jeremy Oats, Harold D McIntyre, Alex Brown, Jonathan E Shaw
BACKGROUND: In Australia's Northern Territory, Indigenous mothers account for 33% of births and have high rates of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in pregnancy is up to 10 times higher in Indigenous than non-Indigenous Australian mothers, and the use of metformin is common. We assessed birth outcomes in relation to metformin use during pregnancy from a clinical register. METHODS: Women with gestational diabetes (GDM), newly diagnosed diabetes in pregnancy (DIP), or pre-existing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) from 2012 to 2016 were included...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Diabetes
Myfanwy Maple, Kathy McKay, Nicole C L Hess, Sarah Wayland, Tania Pearce
Exposure to suicide and the associated impacts for those left behind can be long lasting and traumatic. Literature has predominantly examined the experience of suicide and impact from the perspective of those closest to the deceased-with studies primarily focused on kin relationships. Appropriate and timely support delivered by skilled professionals, through the provision of postvention support, has been suggested as a way to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with exposure to suicide. The evidence regarding what support, for whom, and the timing of support is scarce...
January 24, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
Lawrence C Long, Vincent D'Amico, Steven D Frank
Trees are important components of urban landscapes because of the ecosystem services they provide. However, the effects of urbanization, particularly high temperatures, can benefit chronic insect pests and threaten ecosystem services offered by urban trees. Urban forest fragments are an often-overlooked component of the greater urban forest which may help to mitigate the damaging effects of urbanization. Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale) is a common pest of Acer rubrum (red maple) that becomes more abundant because of the urban heat island effect...
March 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Athira Rohit, Emma Tonkin, Louise Maple-Brown, Rebecca Golley, Leisa McCarthy, Julie Brimblecombe
Although extensive literature on parent feeding practices among the general Australian population exists, Australian Indigenous populations are generally overlooked. A systematic scoping review was carried out to map any source of literature showing Indigenous parent feeding practices in Australia in the context of what is known about parent feeding practices among broader Australian populations and Indigenous populations in other high-income countries.A search of 8 electronic health databases was conducted...
January 18, 2019: Advances in Nutrition
Angela Titmuss, Elizabeth A Davis, Alex Brown, Louise J Maple-Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2019: Medical Journal of Australia
Myfanwy Maple, Rebecca Sanford
The impact of exposure to suicide death or attempt remains ill-understood. This article aims to investigate this impact among 3010 community residing Australian adults. An online survey investigated the burden of exposure to suicide, psychological distress, and predictors of distress. The following variables were most significant in predicting distress among those exposed to suicide death: perceived impact of the most impactful death, non-kin relationship to the deceased, number of close suicide attempt exposures, time since the most impactful death, and frequency of contact...
January 17, 2019: Death Studies
Danielle K Longmore, Elizabeth L M Barr, I-Lynn Lee, Federica Barzi, Marie Kirkwood, Cherie Whitbread, Vanya Hampton, Sian Graham, Paula Van Dokkum, Christine Connors, Jacqueline A Boyle, Patrick Catalano, Alex D H Brown, Kerin O'Dea, Jeremy Oats, H David McIntyre, Jonathan E Shaw, Louise J Maple-Brown
BACKGROUND: In-utero exposures likely influence the onset and severity of obesity in youth. With increasing rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and maternal adiposity in pregnancy globally, it is important to assess the impact of these factors on neonatal adipose measures. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of maternal ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain, and hyperglycaemia to neonatal adiposity. METHODS: Pregnancy and Neonatal Diabetes Outcomes in Remote Australia (PANDORA) is a longitudinal cohort study of Australian mother and neonate pairs...
January 16, 2019: Pediatric Obesity
Humayun Kabir, Myfanwy Maple, Kim Usher, Md Shahidul Islam
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature that addresses the health vulnerabilities of readymade garment (RMG) workers in South and Southeast Asian regions. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to identify the distinctive types of health vulnerabilities along with the causes and consequences of these vulnerabilities of the RMG workers in South and Southeast Asian regions. METHODS: Systematic review search methods were applied utilising the PRISMA protocol...
January 15, 2019: BMC Public Health
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