Nobuto Nakanishi, Kazuki Okura, Masatsugu Okamura, Keishi Nawata, Ayato Shinohara, Kohei Tanaka, Sho Katayama
OBJECTIVES: Muscle mass at admission is important to survive stroke, and stroke-induced sarcopenia is a serious problem because of its poor prognosis. Muscle mass measurement and monitoring are essential for appropriate rehabilitation and nutrition management. However, few reviews are available about the muscle mass measurement and monitoring after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Several methods are used to assess skeletal muscle mass in stroke, such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, bioelectrical impedance analysis, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, biomarkers, and anthropometrics...
March 20, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Bergita Ganse, Alessandra Bosutti, Michael Drey, Hans Degens
Artificial gravity is a potential countermeasure to attenuate effects of weightlessness during long-term spaceflight, including losses of muscle mass and function, possibly to some extent attributable to disturbed neuromuscular interaction. The 60-day AGBRESA bed-rest study was conducted with 24 participants (16 men, 8 women; 33 ± 9 years; 175 ± 9 cm; 74 ± 10 kg; 8 control group, 8 continuous (cAG) and 8 intermittent (iAG) centrifugation) to assess the impact of bed rest with or without daily 30-min continuous/intermittent centrifugation with 1G at the centre of mass...
December 29, 2020: Experimental Cell Research
Rizwan Qaisar, Asima Karim, Tahir Muhammad
Skeletal muscle dysfunction and reduced physical capacity are characteristic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the search for a reliable biomarker to assess muscle health in CODP remains elusive. We analyzed the course of hand-grip strength (HGS) and appendicular skeletal mass index (ASMI) in COPD in relation to spirometry decline and plasma extracellular heat shock protein-72 (eHSP72) and c-terminal fragment of agrin-22 (CAF22) levels. We evaluated male, 62-73 years old patients of COPD ( N = 265) and healthy controls ( N = 252) at baseline and after 12 and 24 months for plasma biomarkers, spirometry and HGS measurements...
July 15, 2020: Biology
Sima Bigdeli, Mohammad Hasan Dehghaniyan, Sadegh Amani-Shalamzari, Hamid Rajabi, Daniel E Gahreman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if functional training with blood flow restriction (BFR) has a greater effect on muscle quality indices and performance of older men when compared to functional training without BFR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty men (67.7 ± 5.8 years) were randomly assigned to one of the following three groups: functional training (FT), functional training with blood flow restriction (FTBFR), and control (C). Participants in both experimental groups trained three sessions per week for six weeks...
May 16, 2020: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Carmen Sánchez-Castellano, Sagrario Martín-Aragón, Paloma Bermejo-Bescós, Nieves Vaquero-Pinto, Carmen Miret-Corchado, Ana Merello de Miguel, Alfonso José Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is both a cause and a consequence of sarcopenia. Older persons with sarcopenia have an increased risk of falling, and the prevalence of sarcopenia may be increased in those who suffer a hip fracture. The aim of this study was to explore potential biomarkers (neuromuscular and peripheral pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress markers) that may be associated with sarcopenia in very old persons with hip fracture. METHODS: We recruited 150 consecutive patients ≥80 years old admitted to an orthogeriatric unit for an osteoporotic hip fracture...
April 2020: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Darryn S Willoughby, Kaitlan N Beretich, Marcus Chen, LesLee K Funderburk
Elevated circulating C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF) is a marker of neuromuscular junction degradation and sarcopenia. This study sought to determine if resistance training (RT) impacted the serum levels of CAF in perimenopausal (PERI-M) and postmenopausal (POST-M) women. A total of 35 women, either PERI-M or POST-M, participated in 10 weeks of RT. Body composition, muscle strength, and serum estradiol and CAF were determined before and after the RT. The data were analyzed with two-way analysis of variance (p ≤ ...
October 17, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Laura Murphy, Alastair Gray, Emer Joyce
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition, sarcopenia, and cachexia are areas of increasing interest in the management of patients with heart failure (HF). This review aims to examine the serological markers useful in guiding the physician in identification of these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional nutritional biomarkers including albumin/prealbumin, iron, and vitamin D deficiencies predict poor prognosis in malnutrition and HF. Novel biomarkers including ghrelin, myostatin, C-terminal agrin fragment, and adiponectin have been identified as possible substrates and/or therapeutic targets in cardiac patients with sarcopenia and cachexia, though clinical trial data is limited to date...
October 2019: Current Heart Failure Reports
Natalia Pavone, Giovanni A Chiariello, Piergiorgio Bruno, Emanuele Marzetti, Claudio Spalletta, Marialisa Nesta, Andrea Mazza, Federico Cammertoni, Christian Colizzi, Mauro Iafrancesco, Annalisa Pasquini, Arianna Di Molfetta, Francesco Burzotta, Massimo Massetti
Valvular heart disease (VHD) is frequently diagnosed in old patients with clinical evidence of heart failure. This elderly population typically presents a high prevalence of frailty and comorbidities, which are associated with increased operative risk for surgical and percutaneous procedures. Recently, the Euro Heart Survey reported a clear gap between treatment guidelines and their application in the "real world". A more realistic approach to the treatment of older VHD patients treatment, mostly if associated with heart failure, is advocated...
June 2019: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
Georg Lorenz, Stefan Hettwer, Wendy McCallum, Susanne Angermann, Ming Wen, Christoph Schmaderer, Uwe Heemann, Marcel Roos, Lutz Renders, Dominik Steubl
C-terminal agrin fragment (tCAF) is a promising biomarker for glomerular filtration. Data regarding biomarkers that have the ability to predict rapid progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are sparse but necessary in order to identify patients at high risk for rapid progression. This study addresses the value of tCAF as a predictor of rapid kidney function decline in CKD patients.We measured plasma tCAF in a retrospective observational cohort study of 277 prevalent CKD patients stage I-V. Using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, we evaluated the association of tCAF with end-stage-renal-disease (ESRD), ≥30%-decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the composite endpoint of both, adjusting for eGFR, age, systolic blood pressure, proteinuria and diabetes...
May 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhiguo Li, Minshu Li, Kristofer Wood, Steffan Hettwer, Suraj A Muley, Fu-Dong Shi, Qiang Liu, Shafeeq S Ladha
INTRODUCTION: Agrin is essential for the formation and maintenance of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). NT-1654 is a C-terminal fragment of mouse neural agrin. In this study, we determined the effects of NT-1654 on the severity of experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG). METHODS: EAMG was induced in female Lewis rats by immunization with the Torpedo acetylcholine receptor (tAChR) and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). NT-1654 was dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and injected daily subcutaneously into tAChR immunized rats during the first 10 days after immunization, and then every other day for the following 20 days...
May 2018: Muscle & Nerve
T Gagliano-Jucá, T W Storer, K M Pencina, T G Travison, Z Li, G Huang, S Hettwer, P Dahinden, S Bhasin, S Basaria
In a subset of men, sarcopenia and physical dysfunction occur due to destabilization of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), which is manifested by elevated serum concentrations of C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF). Testosterone administration improves physical function in some studies; however, its effects on serum circulating CAF concentrations remain unknown. Here we evaluate the effects of testosterone administration on circulating CAF levels in mobility-limited men with low testosterone aged 65 or older participating in the Testosterone in Older Men with Mobility Limitations (TOM) Trial...
January 2018: Andrology
Spyridon Arampatzis, Georgios Chalikias, Vasilios Devetzis, Stavros Konstantinides, Uyen Huynh-Do, Dimitrios Tziakas
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute myocardial infarction are at high risk for acute kidney injury. Novel biomarkers that can predict acute kidney injury in AMI may allow timely interventions. C-terminal fragment of agrin (CAF), a proteoglycan of the glomerular and tubular basement membrane, have been recently associated with rapid renal function deterioration and proximal tubular dysfunction. It is unknown whether elevated CAF levels may serve as a novel AKI biomarker in patients presenting with AMI...
June 24, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Dan Yu, Hai-Xia Li, Yi Liu, Ze-Wei Ying, Jing-Jing Guo, Chen-Ying Cao, Jia Wang, Yuan-Fang Li, Hui-Rong Yang
BACKGROUND: C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF) has been shown to be a promising new biomarker for kidney function. The aim of this study was to verify the reference intervals for CAF in Chinese healthy adults and to assess the efficiency of CAF for monitoring renal function after transplantation. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 200 healthy adult subjects and 60 living donor kidney recipients before and on day 1, day 2 and at 6 months after transplantation...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Arezoo Daryadel, Monika Haubitz, Marta Figueiredo, Dominik Steubl, Marcel Roos, Armin Mäder, Stefan Hettwer, Carsten A Wagner
Agrin, a multidomain proteoglycan and neurotrypsin, a neuronal serine protease, are important for forming (neuromuscular) synapses. Proteolytical activity of neurotrypsin produces a C-terminal fragment of agrin, termed CAF, of approximately 22 kDA molecular size which also circulates in blood. The presence of CAF in urine suggests either glomerular filtration or secretion into urine. Blood levels of CAF have been identified as a potential novel marker of kidney function. Here we describe that several nephron segments in the mouse kidney express agrin and neutrotrypsin in addition to the localization of both protein in the glomerulum...
2016: PloS One
Nadja Scherbakov, Michael Knops, Nicole Ebner, Miroslava Valentova, Anja Sandek, Ulrike Grittner, Pius Dahinden, Stefan Hettwer, Jörg C Schefold, Stephan von Haehling, Stefan D Anker, Michael Joebges, Wolfram Doehner
BACKGROUND: C-terminal Agrin Fragment (CAF) has been proposed as a novel biomarker for sarcopenia originating from the degeneration of the neuromuscular junctions. In patients with stroke muscle wasting is a common observation that predicts functional outcome. We aimed to evaluate agrin sub-fragment CAF22 as a marker of decreased muscle mass and physical performance in the early phase after acute stroke. METHODS: Patients with acute ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke (n = 123, mean age 70 ± 11 y, body mass index BMI 27...
March 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Maria Lorenzi, Anna Maria Martone, Matteo Tosato, Michael Drey, Emanuela D'Angelo, Ettore Capoluongo, Andrea Russo, Roberto Bernabei, Graziano Onder, Emanuele Marzetti
BACKGROUND: The C-terminal agrin fragment (CAF), a circulating byproduct of neuromuscular junction disassembly, has been proposed as a possible biomarker for sarcopenia. However, its validity in "real-world", multimorbid older persons is currently unknown. The present study was undertaken to verify if serum CAF levels were associated with sarcopenia in a population of old and very old persons living in the community. METHODS: Data were from the ilSIRENTE Aging and Longevity Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in all persons aged 80years and older residing in the Sirente geographic area (Italy; n=332)...
June 15, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Dominik Steubl, Marcel Roos, Stefan Hettwer, Susanne Angermann, Ming Wen, Christoph Schmaderer, Peter Luppa, Uwe Heemann, Lutz Renders
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study compares the peritoneal elimination of the low-molecular-weight-protein (LMWP) C-terminal agrin fragment (tCAF, size 22 kDa), a promising biomarker for kidney function, in continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). METHODS: 103 sets of serum, 24h-urine and dialysate samples were obtained in 15 CCPD (63 sets) and 11 CAPD (40 sets) patients. Total, renal and peritoneal substrate removals/clearances were measured/calculated for tCAF, creatinine, blood-urea-nitrogen (BUN), cystatin C and albumin and correlated with the peritoneal transport type...
2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Dominik Steubl, Marcel Roos, Stefan Hettwer, Robin Satanovskij, Susanne Tholen, Ming Wen, Christoph Schmaderer, Anna-Lena Hasenau, Peter Luppa, Lynne Stecher, Uwe Heemann, Lutz Renders
BACKGROUND: Total C-terminal agrin fragment (tCAF) is a new biomarker that was previously correlated with kidney function. This article studies the validity of tCAF as a biomarker for kidney function in chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Plasma tCAF, serum creatinine (Cr), cystatin C (CyC), blood urea-nitrogen (BUN) concentrations and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR CKD-EPIcrea-cystatin) were assessed in 426 individuals [71 without CKD (CKD 0°) and 355 CKD patients]...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Vasilios Devetzis, Arezoo Daryadel, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Marios Theodoridis, Carsten A Wagner, Stefan Hettwer, Uyen Huynh-Do, Passadakis Ploumis, Spyridon Arampatzis
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the leading cause of CKD in the developed world. C-terminal fragment of agrin (CAF) is a novel kidney function and injury biomarker. We investigated whether serum CAF predicts progression of kidney disease in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Serum CAF levels were measured in 71 elderly patients with diabetic nephropathy using a newly developed commercial ELISA kit (Neurotune®). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria in spot urine were assessed at baseline and after 12 months follow up...
2015: PloS One
I Bondoc, S K Cochrane, T S Church, P Dahinden, S Hettwer, F-C Hsu, R S Stafford, M Pahor, T W Buford
OBJECTIVES: C-terminal Agrin Fragment (CAF) has been proposed as a potential circulating biomarker for predicting changes in physical function among older adults. To determine the effect of a one-year PA intervention on changes in CAF concentrations and to evaluate baseline and longitudinal associations between CAF concentrations and indices of physical function. DESIGN: Ancillary study to the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P), a multi-site randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate the effects of chronic exercise on the physical function of older adults at risk for mobility disability...
November 2015: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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