Francesca Guzzo, Gaetano Lombardi, Margherita Tozzi, Maria R Calvi, Maria L Azzolini, Ada C Alba, Simona Tamà, Matteo M D'Amico, Alessandro Belletti, Claudia Frassanito, Diego Palumbo, Andrea Doronzio, Alfredo Ravizza, Giovanni Landoni, Antonio Dell'acqua, Luigi Beretta, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is often managed with mechanical ventilation (MV), requiring sedation and paralysis, with associated risk of complications. There is limited evidence on the use of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC). We hypothesized that management of COVID-19 ARDS without MV is feasible. METHODS: Included were all adult patients diagnosed with COVID-19 ARDS, with PaO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> ratio <100 at admission, and whose management was initially performed without MV...
September 21, 2023: Minerva Anestesiologica
Jiarui Zhu, Ning Chen, Yunxiao Shang, Yong Feng
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a rare complication of miliary tuberculosis, particularly in pediatric patients. Comorbidities and delayed diagnosis can worsen the prognosis of patients with miliary tuberculosis. A 12-year-old girl presented with fever for 20 days, and cough and tachypnea for 4 days. She was diagnosed with miliary tuberculosis complicated by pediatric ARDS. She had atypical clinical manifestations and imaging findings, a negative contact history, and negative results of a tuberculin skin test (TST) and T-SPOT...
2023: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Larsen H Welsh, Jeremy T Bose, Hanna S Sahhar
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are among the most commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications in the adult population. Approximately 20% of adults with hypertension in the United States are prescribed dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers. Similarly, in the pediatric population, CCBs such as nifedipine and amlodipine are frequently prescribed in the non-emergent management of hypertension in children and adolescents. Despite the prevalence of CCB usage, the available literature on the management of calcium channel blocker toxicity in the pediatric population remains scarce...
August 2023: Curēus
Federico Piccioni, Nicola Langiano, Elena Bignami, Marcello Guarnieri, Paolo Proto, Rocco D'Andrea, Carlo A Mazzoli, Ilaria Riccardi, Alessandro Bacuzzi, Luca Guzzetti, Irene Rossi, Sabino Scolletta, Daniela Comi, Alberto Benigni, Federico Pierconti, Cecilia Coccia, Matteo Biscari, Alice Murzilli, Marzia Umari, Caterina Peratoner, Eugenio Serra, Francesco Baldinelli, Rosanna Accardo, Fernanda Diana, Alessandro Fasciolo, Riccardo Amodio, Lorenzo Ball, Massimiliano Greco, Paolo Pelosi, Giorgio Della Rocca
OBJECTIVES: The effect of one-lung ventilation (OLV) strategy based on low tidal volume (TV), application of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), and alveolar recruitment maneuvers (ARM) to reduce postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary complications (PPCs) compared with higher TV without PEEP and ARM strategy in adult patients undergoing lobectomy or pneumonectomy has not been well established. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, single-blind, controlled trial...
April 27, 2023: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Jen-Fu Huang, Chien-Hung Liao, Chia-Cheng Wang, Chih-Po Hsu, Chi-Tung Cheng, Sheng-Yu Chan, Ling-Wei Kuo, Chien-An Liao, Chun-Hsiang Ou Yang, Chih-Yuan Fu
INTRODUCTION: The optimal time to intramedullary internal fixation for patients with isolated and unilateral femoral shaft fractures was investigated by the American College of Surgeons-Trauma Quality Improvement Program (ACS-TQIP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult patients from the TQIP between 2017 and 2019 were eligible for inclusion. The associations between time to fixation and target outcomes (pulmonary embolism [PE], deep vein thrombosis [DVT], acute respiratory distress syndrome [ARDS], and mortality) were assessed...
September 1, 2023: Injury
Marcella M Musumeci, Bruno Valle Pinheiro, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Danielle Silva Almeida Phillip, Flavia R Machado, Fabrício Freires, Osvaldo Shigueomi Beppu, Jaquelina Sonoe Ota Arakaki, Roberta Pulcheri Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with prolonged weaning and mortality in critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to ICUs and under invasive mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Between March of 2020 and July of 2021, we retrospectively recorded clinical and ventilatory characteristics of critically ill COVID-19 patients from the day of intubation to the outcome. We classified the patients regarding the weaning period in accordance with established criteria...
2023: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Justyna Sysiak-Sławecka, Oksana Wichowska, Paweł Piwowarczyk, Michał Borys
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial superinfections are common in severely ill COVID-19 patients and could be associated with a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed 29 critically ill patients treated in a university hospital's intensive care unit (ICU). Each patient required mechanical ventilation due to COVID-19-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Fifteen patients who required venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) support (ECMO group) were compared to a control group (CON group) of 14 individuals without ECMO...
2023: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Andrés Alberro-Brage, Vitalii Kryvenko, Christina Malainou, Stefan Günther, Rory E Morty, Werner Seeger, Susanne Herold, Christos Samakovlis, István Vadász
INTRODUCTION: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common complication of influenza virus (IV) infection. During ARDS, alveolar protein concentrations often reach 40-90% of plasma levels, causing severe impairment of gas exchange and promoting deleterious alveolar remodeling. Protein clearance from the alveolar space is at least in part facilitated by the multi-ligand receptor megalin through clathrin-mediated endocytosis. METHODS: To investigate whether IV infection impairs alveolar protein clearance, we examined albumin uptake and megalin expression in MLE-12 cells and alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) from murine precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) and in vivo, under IV infection conditions by flow cytometry and western blot...
2023: Frontiers in Immunology
Chengliang Zhang, Dekun Yin, Xi Zhu, Wenshuo Zhou, Zhihua Xu, Liuping Wu, Weili Gu
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition. Accurate judgement of the disease progression is essential for controlling the condition in ARDS patients. We investigated whether changes in the level of serum sRAGE/esRAGE could predict the 28-day mortality of ICU patients with ARDS. A total of 83 ARDS patients in the ICU of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2021 to June 2022 were consecutively enrolled in this study. Demographic data, primary diagnosis and comorbidities were obtained...
September 19, 2023: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2023: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2023: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Yuichi Ishikawa, Kei Tokutsu, Shingo Nakayamada, Aya Kuchiba, Kiyohide Fushimi, Shinya Matsuda, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: Life-threatening antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) and/or alveolar haemorrhage (AH) has a poor prognosis. Rituximab (RTX) is as effective as cyclophosphamide (CY) in remission induction therapy; however, the effectiveness and safety of RTX have not been established in life-threatening AAV. This study aimed to investigate the short-term effectiveness and safety of RTX in life-threatening AAV with RPGN and/or AH...
September 19, 2023: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi, Amirreza Rafiei Javazm, Naghmeh Asadimanesh, Fatemeh Shojaeian, Mehdi Azizmohammad Looha, Seyed Amir Ahmad Safavi-Naini, Benyamin Mohammadzadeh, Parnian Jamshidi, Fatemeh Gholampoor, Omid Yazdani, Nadia Zameni, Zahra Azizan, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND:  Coronavirus infection can induce the production of inflammatory cytokines leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and death. It is well-established that interferons (IFNs) are essential in regulating the immune response, thus their effects of IFNs on COVID-19 patients should be subject to investigation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of IFN-α alone or in combination with remdesivir in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  A multicentre, retrospective study was conducted on COVID-19 patients admitted to three hospitals in Tehran, Iran, from March 20, 2020, to March 18, 2021...
September 1, 2023: European Cytokine Network
Dongliang Yang, Jian Kang, Yuanhao Li, Chao Wen, Suosuo Yang, Yanbo Ren, Hui Wang, Yuling Li
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common complication in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), especially when patients complicated with acute kidney injury (AKI), resulting in increased duration of hospitalization and mortality. It is of potential clinical significance to develop a predictive model to identify the the high-risk patients. METHOD: AP patients complicated with AKI from January 2019 to March 2022 were enrolled in this study and randomly divided into training cohort and validation cohort at a ratio of 2:1...
2023: Renal Failure
Jian Zhong, Wei Zhang, Leiyun Zhang, Jieying Li, Lingkai Kang, Xiaoyue Li
Sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains a major complication of death from bacterial infection. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important regulators in addressing lung injury. Considering the extensive research of circular RNAs (circRNAs), the role of circRNA in Treg modulation during ARDS remains unclear. In this study, patients with sepsis-induced ARDS along with non-ARDS controls were obtained, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected as clinical samples. Additionally, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was performed to construct a septic ARDS model, and lung tissues as well as peripheral blood were collected...
December 2023: Autoimmunity
Amita Mukhopadhyay, Geetha Kb, Ipsita Debata, Charithra Bv, Manju Prakash, Tejas J
INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus 19 (COVID-19) disease spread rapidly over the world since its inception in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. India too was crippled by the burden of high caseloads and deaths. The first death caused by COVID-19 in Karnataka was reported on March 13, 2020. There is a plethora of information on the descriptive statistics, epidemiology, and management of COVID-19 cases. However, there has not been an in-depth and extensive exploration of COVID-19 mortality data in terms of published research from India...
August 2023: Curēus
Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, Sérgio Gaião, Francisco Vasques-Nóvoa, Carla Basílio, Ana Rita Ferreira, Alberto Touceda-Bravo, Rodrigo Pimentel, Ana Vaz, Sofia Silva, Guiomar Castro, Tiago Veiga, Hélio Martins, Francisco Dias, Catarina Pereira, Gonçalo Marto, Isabel Coimbra, Juan Ignacio Chico-Carballas, Paulo Figueiredo, José Artur Paiva
BACKGROUND: Extubation during extracorporeal oxygenation (ECMO) in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has not been well studied. Despite the potential benefits of this strategy, weaning from ECMO before liberation from invasive mechanical ventilation remains the most frequent approach. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a standardized approach for extubation during ECMO in patients with severe ARDS. RESULTS: We conducted a prospective observational study to assess the safety and feasibility of a standardized approach for extubation during ECMO in severe ARDS among 254 adult patients across 4 intensive care units (ICU) from 2 tertiary ECMO centers over 6 years...
September 18, 2023: Annals of Intensive Care
Ronald E Dechert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2023: Respiratory Care
Sebastian Mang, Christian Karagiannidis, Philipp M Lepper
Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is predominantly being used as a rescue strategy in patients with acute lung failure, suffering from severe oxygenation and/or decarboxylation impairment. Cannulas introduced into the central veins lead blood through a membrane oxygenator in which it is oxygenated via sweep gas (pO2 up to 600 mm Hg) flow, eliminating CO2 . According to the largest randomized studies carried out so far, the two most important indications for VV-ECMO are hypoxic respiratory failure (paO2 < 80 mm Hg for more than 6 h) and refractory hypercapnia (pH < 7...
September 18, 2023: Inn Med (Heidelb)
Francesca Simioli, Anna Annunziata, Antonietta Coppola, Pasquale Imitazione, Angela Irene Mirizzi, Antonella Marotta, Rossella D'Angelo, Giuseppe Fiorentino
INTRODUCTION: Severe COVID-19 is a life-threatening condition characterized by complications such as interstitial pneumonia, hypoxic respiratory failure, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Non-pharmacological intervention with mechanical ventilation plays a key role in treating COVID-19-related ARDS but is influenced by a high risk of failure in more severe patients. Dexmedetomidine is a new generation highly selective α2-adrenergic receptor (α2-AR) agonist that provides sedative effects with preservation of respiratory function...
2023: Frontiers in Medicine
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