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International Journal of Reproductive Medicine

C C Ifemelumma, C C Anikwe, B C Okorochukwu, F A Onu, J A Obuna, B N Ejikeme, O P Ezeonu
Background: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease and the most common cancer among women in Nigeria. Objectives: To appraise the perception and utilization of cervical cancer screening services among female nurses in Federal Teaching hospital, Abakaliki. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done using semi-structured questionnaires on 408 consenting female nurses. Data was represented using simple percentages, charts, and Chi-square...
2019: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Haile Zewdu Tsegaw, Endeshaw Admassu Cherkos, Marta Berta Badi, Muhabaw Shumye Mihret
Background: Maternal mortality remains unacceptably high in developing countries. One key strategy to reduce such mortality is utilization of birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) and creating awareness of BP/CR is an important step for pregnant women, their families, and the community. However, there was limited to no evidence regarding the community's awareness on BP/CR in the study area. Therefore, this study aimed to assess knowledge on BP/CR and associated factors among pregnant women in Debremarkos town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017...
2019: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Kirubel Minsamo Mishore, Abebaw Demissie Woldemariam, Solomon Assefa Huluka
Introduction: Ethiopia has a high incidence of unwanted pregnancies and incomplete and unsafe abortions, particularly among adolescents. This can be avoided by using different contraceptive methods including emergency contraceptives (EC). This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of EC among female college graduating students in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on 214 female students selected from two randomly selected colleges...
2019: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Lauren Ashley Lambert, Jeremy Brittingham Hatcher, Xinyu Wang
Objective. To identify reproductive health barriers and perceptions regarding family planning among mothers in ten rural communities of Guatemala. Methods. Data were collected from 85 women in a Nutrition Recuperation Project (NRP) conducted by a freestanding nonprofit clinic in Palajunoj Valley, Guatemala. All nonpregnant women participating in the NRP were eligible for enrollment in this study, and NRP staff members aided in their enrollment. Participants were interviewed and data were entered into a structured questionnaire...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Negussie Boti, Tezera Bekele, Wanzahun Godana, Eskeziyaw Getahun, Feleke Gebremeskel, Behailu Tsegaye, Bilcha Oumer
Background: Iron deficiency anemia among pregnant women is one of the most common public health problems in developing country particularly in Ethiopia. Iron/folic acid supplementation with optimal adherence is the main cost-effective strategy for prevention and control of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women. However, level of adherence to iron/folic acid supplementation and its associated factors were not well identified in study area. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the level of adherence to iron/folic acid supplementation and associated factors among pregnant women in Burji Districts, southern Ethiopia...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Júlia Kefalás Troncon, Júlio César Rosa-E-Silva, Rayssa Miranda, Francisco José Candido-Dos-Reis, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
Aim: To evaluate the clinical features, diagnostic routine, treatment, and prognosis of patients with double uterus with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis at a University Hospital. Methods: A retrospective study analyzing the medical charts of outpatients with similar complex genital malformations seen at the University Hospital of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School from 1994 to 2015. Results: Fourteen patients were included in this retrospective study, all presenting with double uterus with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Ifeyinwa Mary Asuzu, Olaejirinde Olaniyi Olaofe
The study is a retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Pathology of Premier Hospital, Abuja, on specimens received over a one-year period. Four hundred and eighty-six samples of endometrial biopsies and curettings from women presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding sent to the histopathology laboratory were analyzed. The most common biopsies were those of product of conception which accounted for 304 cases (62.6%). Most of the cases of endometrial hyperplasia were typical. Endometritis and chorioamnionitis were the inflammatory conditions seen...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Celia M J Matyanga, Blessing Dzingirai
Emergency contraceptives play a major role in preventing unwanted pregnancy. The use of emergency contraceptives is characterized by myths and lack of knowledge by both health professionals and users. The main objective of this paper is to summarize the clinical pharmacology of hormonal methods of emergency contraception. A literature review was done to describe in detail the mechanism of action, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, safety profile, and drug interactions of hormonal emergency contraceptive pills. This information is useful to healthcare professionals and users to fully understand how hormonal emergency contraceptive methods work...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Peter Adatara, Agani Afaya, Elizabeth A Baku, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Anthony Asempah
Background: Traditional birth attendants play significant roles in maternal health care in the rural communities in developing countries such as Ghana. Despite their important role in maternal health care, there is paucity of information from the perspective of traditional birth attendants regarding their role on maternal health care in rural areas in Ghana. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore and describe the role of traditional birth attendants in maternal health care in the rural areas in Ghana...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Chet Kant Bhusal, Sigma Bhattarai
Background: Increase in population plays a decisive role in providing universal access to reproductive health; however, there is very limited evidence about the reason of unmet need among marginalized and tribal communities such as Tharus. This study aimed to determine the factors affecting unmet need of family planning among married Tharu women of Dang, Nepal. Methods: Community-based cross-sectional household survey among 650 married Tharu women of age group 15-49 in October 2015 to April 2016 was conducted in Dang district, Nepal...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Oloruntoba Ayodele Ekun, Oluwatumininu Mary Olawumi, Christian Chigozie Makwe, Nkeiruka Ogochukwu Ogidi
Objectives: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy specific syndrome. Studies have shown that preeclampsia has multiorgan dysfunction effects. This study evaluated biomarkers of renal and liver function among preeclamptic Nigerian women. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 49 preeclamptic women and 50 normotensive healthy pregnant women. Method: The baseline data comprising age, gestational age, and blood pressure were obtained...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Ellen Abrafi Boamah-Kaali, Seyram Kaali, Grace Manu, Stephaney Gyaase, Elisha Adeniji, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Kwaku Poku Asante
Introduction: Tailoring sexual and reproductive health programs and services to the needs of adolescents will help adolescents make informed decisions and choices regarding their sexual and reproductive health. Objective: To assess the opinions of service providers on tailoring sexual and reproductive health services to the needs of adolescents. Method: A qualitative study using indepth interviews was held among eight decision-makers and service providers in two hospitals within the Kintampo North Municipality and Kintampo South District as well as the Municipal and District Health Directorates in Kintampo North and South between April and May 2011...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, Hubert Amu
Background: The responsiveness of health professionals to patients in the provision of abortion services is essential to influencing patients' perceptions and expectations regarding the quality of medical care to be received and their general satisfaction. This, in turn, determines if patients will revisit a particular health facility to access abortion services. In this study, we examine the responsiveness of health professionals in providing postabortion care at a regional level health facility in Ghana...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Mengstu Melkamu Asaye, Tewodros Syoum Nigussie, Worku Mequannt Ambaw
Background: Implanon discontinuation closely related to higher rates of overall fertility rate, unwanted pregnancies, and induced abortion. This might have social and economic consequences. In Ethiopia the magnitude of early Implanon discontinuation and contributing factors is not well studied. Objective: To assess early Implanon discontinuation and associated factors among Implanon user women in Debre Tabor town, 2016. Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 to August 2016 through face-to-face interview...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Teshager Aklilu Yesuf, Nigist Assefa Eshete, Eskinder Ayalew Sisay
Background: It is estimated that more than half of all women in adolescence age suffer from dysmenorrhea and it often interferes with their daily physical and emotional aspects. It is the leading cause of short-term school absenteeism and is associated with a negative impact on academic and daily activities. Objectives: To investigate impacts of dysmenorrhea, factors associated with it, and its self-management strategies used by health science students. Methods: A cross-sectional institution based study was conducted among 246 Mekelle University health science students selected by stratified random sampling technique...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Haileyesus Gedamu, Adane Tsegaw, Etsubdink Debebe
Background: Cultural practices, beliefs, and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. Objective: To assess prevalence of cultural malpractice during pregnancy, child birth, and postnatal period among women of childbearing age in Meshenti town, Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia, in 2016. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group interviewed during the study period from May 10 to June 17, 2016...
2018: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Joshua Panyin Craymah, Robert Kwame Oppong, Derek Anamaale Tuoyire
Background: Globally, male involvement in maternal health care services remains a challenge to effective maternal health care accessibility and utilization. Objective: This study assessed male involvement in maternal health care services and associated factors in Anomabo in the Central Region of Ghana. Methods: Random sampling procedures were employed in selecting 100 adult male respondents whose partners were pregnant or had given birth within twelve months preceding the study...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Amanuel Tadesse, Mekides Kondale, Eskzyiaw Agedew, Feleke Gebremeskel, Negussie Boti, Bilcha Oumer
Background: A significant number of women make Implanon their first choice of contraception. However, they discontinue their Implanon before its expiry date was high, but factors that contribute to discontinuing their Implanon were poorly described in Ethiopia. Methods: A community based unmatched case control study was conducted. Then simple random sampling technique was used to select 340 women. Data was collected by nurses using face to face interview. Epi-Info version 7 and SPSS 20 software were used...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Olufunmilade Akinfolarin Omisanjo, Stephen Odunayo Ikuerowo, Moruf Adekunle Abdulsalam, Sheriff Olabode Ajenifuja, Khadijah Adebisi Shittu
BACKGROUND: Though exogenous testosterone is known for its contraceptive effects in men, it is sometimes prescribed by medical practitioners for the treatment of male factor infertility in the mistaken belief that exogenous testosterone improves sperm count. The aim of this study was to evaluate the scope of testosterone use in the treatment of male factor infertility by medical practitioners in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A survey using a structured questionnaire was carried out amongst doctors attending a regular Continuing Medical Education (CME) programme in Lagos, Nigeria...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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