André Neff, Rebecca Lück, Marcel Hövels, Uwe Deppenmeier
OBJECTIVE: Phocaeicola (P.) vulgatus (formerly Bacteroides vulgatus) is a highly abundant and ubiquitous member of the human gut microbiota, associated with human health and disease, and therefore represents an important target for further investigations. In this study a novel gene deletion method was developed for P. vulgatus, expanding the tools available for genetic manipulation of members of the microbial order Bacteroidales. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study used a combination of bioinformatics and growth experiments in interaction with molecular cloning to validate the applicability of SacB as a counterselection marker in P...
May 25, 2023: Anaerobe
Peng An Khun, Long Duc Phi, Huong Thi Thu Bui, Deirdre A Collins, Thomas V Riley
BACKGROUND: Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile causes antimicrobial-associated diarrhoea, however, presentations may range from asymptomatic carriage to severe diarrhoea, life-threatening toxic megacolon and even death. Reports on C. difficile infection (CDI) in Vietnam remain limited. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the epidemiology, molecular characteristics, and antimicrobial susceptibility of C. difficile isolated from adults with diarrhoea in Vietnam. METHODS: Diarrhoeal stool samples from adult patients aged ≥17 years old were collected at Thai Binh General Hospital in northern Vietnam between 1st March 2021 and 28th February2022...
May 25, 2023: Anaerobe
Gizem Taylan Yalçin, Melike Nur Tosun, Nükhet Nilüfer Demirel Zorba
Commercial probiotic strains inhibited C. difficile, and other Clostridium cultures with zones 14.2-78.9 mm. The highest inhibition was observed with commercial culture on C. difficile ATCC 700057. Organic acids were the leading cause of inhibition. Probiotic cultures may be used as a support culture or through fermented foods for treatment.
May 20, 2023: Anaerobe
Johan Karp, Jon Edman-Wallér, Michael Toepfer, Gunnar Jacobsson
PURPOSE: The objectives were to determine the risk factors for recurrent healthcare facility-associated Clostridioides difficile infection (HCF-CDI) in a high CDI incidence, low antibiotic use setting and to determine if length of cefotaxime exposure is a risk factor for recurrent HCF-CDI. METHODS: The risk factors for recurrent HCF-CDI were evaluated with a retrospective nested case control study based on chart reading. The risk factors were evaluated univariately and multivariately...
May 20, 2023: Anaerobe
Bakhtiyar Mahmood, Hajnalka Juhász, David Leitsch, József Sóki
In this study we examined whether the same nim gene-insertion sequence (IS) element combinations give rise to the same expression levels as they harbor shared IS element-borne promoters. From our quantitative analysis, we found that the expressions of the nimB and nimE genes with their cognate IS elements were similar, but the metronidazole resistance of these strains were more diverse.
May 18, 2023: Anaerobe
Lu Bai, Jayoung Paek, Hongik Kim, Si Hyun Kim, Jeong Hwan Shin, Joong-Ki Kook, Young-Hyo Chang
OBJECTIVE: The genus Hallella was described within Bacteroidaceae, and then reclassified within Prevotellaceae based on its phenotypic and phylogenetic description. It is associated with degradation of carbohydrate. However, some species of Hallella have pathobiotic properties, and are involved in infections and chronic inflammatory disorders. METHODS: Here, we used a polyphasic taxonomic approach to characterize the two strains: YH-C38T and YH-C4B9b. A detailed metabolic analysis was conducted to compare the two novel isolates with related strains within the genus Hallella...
May 16, 2023: Anaerobe
Rui Tian, Sixiang Xu, Pei Li, Mengxuan Li, Yuqing Liu, Kaicheng Wang, Guangjin Liu, Yubao Li, Lei Dai, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Clostridium perfringens is one of most important bacterial pathogens in the poultry industry and mainly causes necrotizing enteritis (NE). This pathogen and its toxins can cause foodborne diseases in humans through the food chain. In China, with the rise of antibiotic resistance and the banning of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in poultry farming, food contamination and NE are becoming more prevalent. Bacteriophages are a viable technique to control C. perfringens as an alternative to antibiotics...
May 15, 2023: Anaerobe
Domingo Fernández Vecilla, Mary Paz Roche Matheus, Mikel Joseba Urrutikoetxea Gutiérrez, Iris Sharon Pérez Ramos, Gotzon Iglesias Hidalgo, Felicitas Elena Calvo Muro, José Luis Díaz de Tuesta Del Arco
The genusFusobacterium contains currently 13 species presenting as non-spore-forming, obligate anaerobic, gram-negative fusiform rods. Fusobacterium ulcerans was discovered in 1988 causing tropical ulcers. We present the case of a patient with diverticulitis complicated with bacteremia. Both aerobic bottles were positive at 20 and 24 h, while one anaerobic bottle was positive at 36 h. Escherichia coli and Fusobacterium ulcerans were identified from subcultures by MALDI-TOF MS with a score of 2.02 and 2.35, respectively...
April 20, 2023: Anaerobe
Fernando Cobo, Virginia Pérez-Carrasco, Javier Rodríguez-Granger, Antonio Sampedro-Martínez, José Antonio García-Salcedo, José María Navarro-Marí
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to describe differences between bloodstream infections involving Gram-positive (GP) and Gram-negative (GN) anaerobic bacteria. METHODS: Patients with clinically significant anaerobic bacteremia detected between October 2016 and July 2022 in a tertiary hospital in Granada (Spain) were retrospectively included. Species identification was performed by MALDI-TOF MS and/or molecular methods. The association between variables was analyzed using contingency tables, applying the chi-square test when expected frequencies were adequate and the Fisher exact test when not...
April 19, 2023: Anaerobe
Ritam Hazarika, Hiramoni Sarmah, Monuj K Doley, Deep Prakash Saikia, Girin Hazarika, Luit Moni Barkalita, Pankaj Deka, Seeralan Manoharan, Rajeev Kr Sharma
OBJECTIVE: Considering the paucity of information about food-associated Clostridioides difficile from India, a study was undertaken to establish the prevalence of C. difficile in a variety of foods of animal origin, together with molecular strain characterization and antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: A total of 235 samples comprising raw meat and meat products, fish products, and milk and milk products were screened for C. difficile. Toxin genes and other parts of PaLoc were amplified in isolated strains...
April 4, 2023: Anaerobe
K E Boiten, E J Kuijper, L Schuele, J van Prehn, L G M Bode, I Maat, S A V van Asten, D W Notermans, J W A Rossen, A C M Veloo
OBJECTIVES: Five human clinical multidrug-resistant (MDR) Bacteroides fragilis isolates, including resistance to meropenem and metronidazole, were recovered at different hospitals in the Netherlands between 2014 and 2020 and sent to the anaerobic reference laboratory for full characterisation. METHODS: Isolates were recovered from a variety of clinical specimens from patients with unrelated backgrounds. Long- and short-read sequencing was performed, followed by a hybrid assembly to study the presence of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs)...
March 29, 2023: Anaerobe
Jamie English, Sheila Patrick, Linda D Stewart
Autoimmune diseases are thought to develop as a consequence of various environmental and genetic factors, each of which contributes to dysfunctional immune responses and/or a breakdown in immunological tolerance towards native structures. Molecular mimicry by microbial components is among the environmental factors thought to promote a breakdown in immune tolerance, particularly through the presence of cross-reactive epitopes shared with the human host. While resident members of the microbiome are essential promoters of human health through immunomodulation, defence against pathogenic colonisation and conversion of dietary fibre into nutritional resources for host tissues, there may be an underappreciated role of these microbes in the aetiology and/or progression of autoimmune disease...
March 18, 2023: Anaerobe
Pia Heino, Veikko Schepel, Hanna Malmi, Tiina Jahkola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2023: Anaerobe
Michael D Perry, Katleen Vranckx, Sarah Copsey-Mawer, Selina Scotford, Bethan Andersen, Philip Day, Joanne Watkins, Sally Corden, Harriet Hughes, Trefor E Morris
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to explore antimicrobial resistance gene determinant, and phenotypic antibiotic susceptibility, data for Fusobacterium necrophorum from a collection of UK strains. Antimicrobial resistance genes detected in publicly available assembled whole genome sequences were investigated for comparison. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty five F. necrophorum strains (1982-2019) were revived from cryovials (Prolab). Subsequent to sequencing (Illumina) and quality checking, 374 whole genomes were available for analysis...
March 3, 2023: Anaerobe
Gabriela Muniz Carvalho, Brendhal Almeida Silva, Rafael Gariglio Clark Xavier, Isabela Pádua Zanon, Eduardo Garcia Vilela, Rafael Romero Nicolino, Guilherme Campos Tavares, Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the greatest threats to animal and public health. Clostridioides (prev. Clostridium) difficile is a major burden to healthcare and a relevant AMR gene reservoir. Despite the known importance of AMR in C. difficile epidemiology and treatment, antimicrobial susceptibility testing for this pathogen is still based on the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) by the agar dilution method, which is technically demanding and labor-intensive...
April 2023: Anaerobe
Jacob Wilde, Emma Allen-Vercoe
OBJECTIVES: We set out to identify and characterize prophages within genomes of published Fusobacterium strains, and to develop qPCR-based methods to characterize intra- and extra-cellular induction of prophage replication in a variety of environmental contexts. METHODS: Various in silico tools were used to predict prophage presence across 105 Fusobacterium spp. Genomes. Using the example of the model pathogen, Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. animalis strain 7-1, qPCR was used with DNase I treatment to determine induction of its 3 predicted prophages ɸFunu1, ɸFunu2, and ɸFunu3, across several conditions...
February 15, 2023: Anaerobe
Rubén Tato Rodríguez, Marta Nataya Solís Marquínez, María Del Carmen Campos Álvarez, Jonathan Fernández Suárez, Javier Fernández Domínguez, Beatriz Iglesias Rodríguez, Francisco Javier Rodríguez Álvarez
Here we report a case of bacteremia caused by Clostridium paraputrificum in a 64-year-old woman with colon carcinoma and gastrointestinal disease. Using the new EUCAST 2022 clinical breakpoints [1] for Clostridium perfringens, the isolate was susceptible to metronidazole and vancomycin, but resistant to benzylpenicillin, meropenem, and clindamycin. Thus, treatment with metronidazole should be considered in all patients with Clostridium bacteremia until antibiotic susceptibility is determined to minimize the risk of treatment failure...
February 10, 2023: Anaerobe
Mariateresa Casarotto, Mariafrancesca Tartaglia, Davide Gibellini, Annarita Mazzariol
A total of 866 anaerobic strains isolated from clinical samples were tested by E-TEST for antimicrobial susceptibility. The most frequent antimicrobial resistance among the isolated genera, both Gram-positive and Gram-negative, was observed for clindamycin, and therefore, it cannot be considered as an empirical treatment. The antimicrobial resistance to benzylpenicillin was predominant among the Gram-negative bacteria, in particular the Bacteroides spp. The resistance percentages to meropenem and metronidazole are still low...
February 8, 2023: Anaerobe
Antia Acuna-Gonzalez, Magdalena Kujawska, Mayada Youssif, Thomas Atkinson, Sara Grundy, Alexandra Hutchison, Catherine Tremlett, Paul Clarke, Lindsay J Hall
Prophylactic administration of oral probiotics is associated with significant reductions in the morbidity and mortality of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants. We document the first case of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis sub-clinical bacteraemia, in an extremely low birth weight preterm infant, since introduction of routine probiotic treatment at the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital 10 years ago. Whole genome comparisons confirmed the isolated strain likely originated from the probiotic product...
February 6, 2023: Anaerobe
Pradeep Kumar, Mahalakshmi Kumaresan, Rakhi Biswas, Sunil Kumar Saxena
Veillonella species are obligate anaerobes which are part of the human oral, gut and vaginal microbiota. The genus Veillonella consists of 16 characterized species. Very few infections due to Veillonella atypica have been reported till date. Here we present a case of retropharyngeal abscess due to this organism in a 55-year-old lady.
February 4, 2023: Anaerobe
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