journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774739/cost-effectiveness-of-the-aerobika%C3%A2-oscillating-positive-expiratory-pressure-device-in-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-in-canada
#1
Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Philip Jacobs, Jason Suggett, Andrew McIvor, Alan Kaplan
Background: The Aerobika® oscillating positive expiratory pressure (OPEP) device is a hand-held, drug-free medical device that has been shown to improve lung function and improve health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We estimated the cost-effectiveness of this device among postexacerbation COPD patients in the Canadian healthcare system. Methods: We performed a cost-utility analysis using a Markov model to compare both costs and outcome of patients with COPD who had recently experienced an exacerbation between 2 treatment arms: patients who used the Aerobika® device and patients who did not use the Aerobika® device...
2019: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30733845/distance-to-specialist-medical-care-and-diagnosis-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-rural-saskatchewan
#2
Catherine M Spagnuolo, Michael McIsaac, James Dosman, Chandima Karunanayake, Punam Pahwa, William Pickett
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-disordered breathing condition. Patients with OSA symptoms are often not diagnosed clinically, which is a concern, given the health and safety risks associated with unmanaged OSA. The availability of fewer practicing medical specialists combined with longer travel distances to access health care services results in barriers to diagnosis and treatment in rural communities. This study aimed to (1) determine whether the proportion of adults reporting OSA symptoms in the absence of a sleep apnea diagnosis in rural populations varied by travel distance to specialist medical care and (2) assess whether any distance-related patterns were attributable to differences in the frequency of diagnosis among adults who likely required this specialist medical care...
2019: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30723532/current-practice-in-the-management-of-pulmonary-nodules-detected-on-computed-tomography-chest-scans
#3
Clarus Leung, Tawimas Shaipanich
Lung cancer is associated with high mortality. It can present as one or more pulmonary nodules identified on computed tomography (CT) chest scans. The National Lung Screening Trial has shown that the use of low-dose CT chest screening can reduce deaths due to lung cancer. High adherence to appropriate follow-up of positive results, including imaging or interventional approaches, is an important aspect of pulmonary nodule management. Our study is one of the first to evaluate the current practice in managing pulmonary nodules and to explore potential causes for nonadherence to follow-up...
2019: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662579/errors-in-aerosol-inhaler-use-and-their-effects-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-among-pregnant-asthmatic-women-subanalysis-from-qakcop-study
#4
Wanis H Ibrahim, Fatima Rasul, Mushtaq Ahmad, Abeer S Bajwa, Laith I Alamlih, Anam M El Arabi, Dhabia Al-Mohannadi, Mohammed Y Siddiqui, Israa S Al-Sheikh, Azdin A Ibrahim
Data on inhaler technique and its effects on maternal and fetal outcomes during pregnancy are seldom reported. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate inhaler technique and identify errors in inhaler use among pregnant women with asthma. Secondary objectives were to identify factors associated with poor inhaler technique and study the association between inhaler technique and maternal and fetal outcomes. This was a cross-sectional, face-to-face, prospective study of 80 pregnant women with physician-diagnosed asthma...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651896/cardiorespiratory-responses-to-glittre-adl-test-in-bronchiectasis-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ravoori Hena, Gopala Krishna Alaparthi, K Shyam Krishnan, R Anand, Vishak Acharya, Pretham Acharya
Background: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory condition characterised by chronic sputum production, fatigue, and dyspnoea. These symptoms will lead to reduced exercise capacity and a reduced ability to carry out activities of daily living. Glittre ADL test is a valid and reliable test which evaluates the activities of daily living. Aim: To investigate whether the Glittre ADL test can differentiate the functional capacity and cardiorespiratory responses of patients with bronchiectasis from those healthy individuals using the six-minute test as a functional performance standard...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651895/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-cardiac-sarcoidosis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jianxiong Zhang, Yunxiao Li, Qiufen Xu, Bo Xu, Haoyan Wang
Background: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is an effective technique for the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). The efficacy of CMR versus the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare (JMHW) guidelines considered as standard criterion for the diagnosis of CS remains to be elucidated. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed at assessing the diagnostic accuracy of CMR in cardiac sarcoidosis. We searched on PubMed from January 1, 1980, to March 28, 2018, on Embase from January 1, 1980, to March 29, 2018, and on the Cochrane Library from January 1, 1980, to April 1, 2018, using a strategy based on the search terms (sarcoidosis and magnetic resonance imaging) independently...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30631383/daily-objective-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-adults-with-copd-using-spirometry-data-from-canadian-measures-health-survey
#7
P Bernard, G Hains-Monfette, S Atoui, G Moullec
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to be the third leading cause of premature death and disability in Canada and around the world by the year 2020. The study aims to compare objective physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in a population-based sample of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and compare a group, and to investigate whether these behaviors differ according to COPD severity. From the 2007-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey dataset, accelerometer and prebronchodilator spirometry data were available for 6441 participants, aged 35 to 79...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30595776/clinical-significance-of-serum-hemeoxygenase-1-as-a-new-biomarker-for-the-patients-with-interstitial-pneumonia
#8
Kota Murohashi, Yu Hara, Kanako Shinada, Kenjiro Nagai, Masaharu Shinkai, Akihiko Kawana, Takeshi Kaneko
Background: Serum hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been proposed to be a biomarker of lung disease activity and prognosis. The present study aimed at evaluating whether HO-1 could be a useful marker for evaluating disease activity and predicting prognosis in patients with interstitial pneumonia (IP). Materials and Methods: Serum HO-1 levels of newly diagnosed or untreated patients with IP were measured at hospitalization. We evaluated the relationships between serum HO-1 and other serum biomarkers, high resolution CT (HRCT) findings, and hospital mortality...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581512/review-of-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
REVIEW
Radu Sascău, Ioana Mădălina Zota, Cristian Stătescu, Daniela Boișteanu, Mihai Roca, Alexandra Maștaleru, Maria Magdalena Leon Constantin, Teodor Flaviu Vasilcu, Radu Sebastian Gavril, Florin Mitu
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes recurrent apneas due to upper respiratory tract collapse, leading to sympathetic nervous system hyperactivation and increased cardiovascular risk. Moderate and severe forms of obstructive sleep apnea are associated with increased atrial volumes and affect left ventricular diastolic and then systolic function. Right ventricular ejection fraction can be accurately assessed via three-dimensional echocardiography, while bidimensional imaging can only provide a set of surrogate parameters to characterize systolic function (tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion, right ventricular fractional area change, and lateral S')...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581511/cost-effectiveness-of-bosentan-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ruxu You, Xinyu Qian, Weijing Tang, Tian Xie, Fang Zeng, Jun Chen, Yu Zhang, Jinyu Liu
Objectives: Although many studies have reported on the cost-effectiveness of bosentan for treating pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a systematic review of economic evaluations of bosentan is currently lacking. Objective evaluation of current pharmacoeconomic evidence can assist decision makers in determining the appropriate place in therapy of a new medication. Methods: Systematic literature searches were conducted in English-language databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, EconLit databases, and the Cochrane Library) and Chinese-language databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, and Chongqing VIP) to identify studies assessing the cost-effectiveness of bosentan for PAH treatments...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30533165/tongue-function-an-underrecognized-component-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-mandibular-repositioning-appliance
#11
REVIEW
Wei Wang, Changping Di, Skaff Mona, Lin Wang, Mark Hans
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common but still underrecognized disorder. A mandibular repositioning appliance (MRA) is used to treat OSA by advancing the mandible and thereby reducing the collapsibility of the upper airway. It has been found that an MRA increases the volume of the upper airway, especially the velopharyngeal area, in OSA patients. We hypothesize that this increase in the velopharyngeal volume is associated with an anterior displacement of the tongue, but likely not with a stretching of the soft tissue connecting the soft palate, lateral pharynx, palatopharyngeal arch, and mandible...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30510605/sonographic-indicators-for-treatment-choice-and-follow-up-in-patients-with-pleural-effusion
#12
Ruza Stevic, Nikola Colic, Slavisa Bascarevic, Marko Kostic, Dejan Moskovljevic, Milan Savic, Maja Ercegovac
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of thoracic sonography in treatment of pleural effusions and to identify sonographic indicators for surgical intervention. Materials and Methods: This study included 378 patients with pleural effusions. US characteristics of effusions as the echo structure and pleural thickening were analyzed. Regarding the US finding, the diagnostic or therapeutic procedure was performed. Results: The study included 267 male and 111 female patients, an average of 56...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30510604/variation-of-risk-factors-for-cause-specific-reintubation-a-preliminary-study
#13
Emi Fujii, Kazunori Fujino, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Yutaka Eguchi
Unexpected reintubation may occur, even if the risk factors are considered and a spontaneous breathing trial is successful. Reintubation is thought to be caused by various factors. Several studies have investigated the risk factors of reintubation, but most did not classify reintubation by cause. We retrospectively classified patients undergoing reintubation at intensive care unit by cause (respiratory insufficiency vs. nonrespiratory insufficiency) to examine the cause-specific risk factors of reintubation...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30425754/intrabullous-adhesion-pexia-ibap-by-percutaneous-pulmonary-bulla-centesis-an-alternative-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-giant-pulmonary-bulla-gpb
#14
Wei-Liang Li, Yong-Hua Li, Yu-Bo Yang, Li-Hui Lv
Background and Objective: Most patients with giant pulmonary bulla (GPB) are treated by surgery; however, there is a subset for whom surgery is not a viable option, such as those with contraindications, or those unwilling to undergo operation. Therefore, an alternative minimally invasive method is desired for this subpopulation. The aim of this study was to explore an alternative procedure for treating GPB. Methods: This was a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm, unblinded study evaluating the efficacy and safety of intrabulla adhesion pexia (IBAP) procedure in GPB patients...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402198/effects-of-comorbidities-on-asthma-hospitalization-and-mortality-rates-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Masoud Mahdavian, Blake H Power, Shabnam Asghari, Jordan C Pike
Background: Recent studies have shown that patients diagnosed with asthma who have other chronic comorbidities have severely worse medical outcomes. However, the number of available published studies in this field is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of comorbidities in asthmatic patients based on hospitalization and mortality rates. Methods: A systematic review was conducted. Data were obtained from the electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane until June 15, 2018...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30364105/lung-ultrasound-is-accurate-for-the-diagnosis-of-high-altitude-pulmonary-edema-a-prospective-study
#16
Weibo Yang, Yuliang Wang, Zewu Qiu, Xuewen Huang, Maoxia Lv, Bin Liu, Dingzhou Yang, Zhenhan Yang, Tingshan Xie
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasonography (LUS) for high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Background: LUS has proven to be a reliable tool for the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases, including pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and pneumothorax. LUS also has potential for the diagnosis of HAPE. However, the actual diagnostic value of LUS for HAPE is still unknown. Our objective was to determine the feasibility of using LUS for the diagnosis of HAPE...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30363691/the-serum-level-of-il-1b-correlates-with-the-activity-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#17
Mengling Zhan, Benyong Xu, Lan Zhao, Bing Li, Liyun Xu, Qiuhong Sun, Jun Zhang, Zhemin Zhang, Haiqing Chu
Background: Until now, there have been no objective criteria to determine the activity of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). This study aims to analyze the correlation between serum level of IL-1B and the activity of CPA and to determine whether serum IL-1B could be used to assess the activity of CPA. Methods: A total of 469 newly diagnosed CPA patients were enrolled. Correlation analysis in the whole subjects showed that only IL-1B level was associated with the activity of CPA...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319722/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-portopulmonary-hypertension-in-223-liver-transplant-recipients
#18
Jian Li, Qi Zhuang, Xueming Zhang, Ying Zheng, Zhiqing Qiao, Jianjun Zhang, Xuedong Shen, Jieyan Shen
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and prognosis of portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) in liver transplant recipients. Methods: Patients with advanced liver disease who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) were included in this retrospective study from January 2012 to June 2015. According to the 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH), patients with tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) >3...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319721/a-chinese-traditional-therapy-for-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-mice
#19
Lifang Sun, Minjie Mao, Zhisheng Yan, Cuiyun Zuo, Xiaojie Zhang
Pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic and fatal disease of lung tissue with high incidence and mortality in the world. The exploration of effective treatment for pulmonary fibrosis remains an urgent challenge. In our study, Qingfei Xieding was investigated as a novel Chinese traditional patent medicine against pulmonary fibrosis. A pulmonary fibrosis mouse model was constructed by injecting with bleomycin sulfate. Following Qingfei Xieding administration, lung samples were collected to assess pulmonary phenotype changes by analyzing lung coefficient, wet/dry, and histopathologic section...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30319720/inhalation-devices
#20
EDITORIAL
Petra Moroni-Zentgraf, Omar S Usmani, David M G Halpin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
journal
journal
31971
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"